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Copyright, Samubl. CfiAMBEBi<AiNE, 1881 





" Who was gathered unto hie forrfatherey 

JANUARY 2ltt, 1878, 

''Who being dead^ yet epeaketh:' 


This family, represented in Cheshire, Buckinghamshire, Gloucestershire, 
Great Britain, and in America on the Eastern Shore of Maryland, claims 
descent from the Count de Tankerville, of Tancarville Castle in Normandy, 
who came to England with William the Conqueror in 1066. It is not on 
record that any member of this family was personally engaged in the Battle 
of Hastings, or ever took an active part in the service of the King of England, 
but when Saint Bernard preached the Second Crusade, in 1100, the name in 
descent from Count Tankerville, and the old castle, now in ruins, was legion, 
and it should be enough for anyone, carried along under the genesis, with 
the spirit of enterprise, steadiness and thrift symbolized in the crest, to know 
that the Battle Boll Abbey List has soldiers more than one of this name and 

John, son of the Count de Tankerville, was Lord Chamberlain to Heni-y 
Ist of England in 1125, and Eichard, son of John, held the same office under 
King Stephen, and at one time that of Mayor of London. " The English 
took to themselves surnames, but not generally among the common people, 
till after Edward Isi So John, Count de Tankerville of Normandy, being 
made Chamberlain to the King about 400 years ago, his descendants of Sher- 
born Castle in Oxfordshire (now in 1755 belonging to the Earl of Maccles- 
field, lately extinct), of Prestbury, of Mangersbury, and Oddington in Glou- 
cestershire, Cheshire, etc., from whom the author of this book is descended, 
bear the same coat of arms by the name of Chamberlaine. — From "Magna 
Brittanica NbtitiaJ* By John Chamberlain. 

BiGHABD, son of John de Tankerville, from his position in the royal 
hpusehold, assumed the patronymic of Chamberlaine, retaining the Tanker- 
ville arms. A descendant of Kichard Chamberlaine took the Earl of Leicester 
prisoner, for which act he had permission from the King to quarter the arms 
of Leicester with those of Tankerville, and from that time they are to be 
Interpreted together. The crest, an ass' head, indicates in the art of heraldry 
honest, dogged perseverance, and true worthiness, characteristic of the founder 
and first of the name, and the motto, " Stubborn in the Eight," a very suit- 
able one for a family whose firmness amounts to obstinacy. 

For eight hundred years the Chamberlaines have claimed by right but 
four homesteads, two in England, "Little Barrow" and "Saughall" in 
Qbesbirr; ("a county noted for the strength of its men and the beauty of its 


women "), and two in America, " Plain Dealing," on Tred Avon river, oppo- 
site the town of Oxford in Talbot county, Maryland, and "Bonfield," on 
Choptank and Tred Avon rivers, about a mile from Oxford. ** Little 
Barrow" was in the possession of the family until 1646, when it was sold to 
a De Spenser (who afterwards fell at the Battle of Crecy). Many years pre- 
vious to the sale of this property the family had removed to " Saughall," on 
the Dee, in the parish of Shotwick, four miles from Chester, and this home- 
stead was held in continuous ownership from father to son for nearly five 
hundred years. In 1805 it was sold by John Chamberlaine Beeve to a Mr. 
Hancock, of London. 

At St Luke*s Church, Chelsea, Middlesex county, there is a tomb over 
Edward Chamberlaine, " buried on a rising ground after the ancient manner." 
This Englishman, Christian, and Doctor of Laws, was of Oddington, the 
Gloucestershire Chamberlaines. The mural tablet is placed on the out- 
side of the wall, nearly perpendicularly above the spot where the body is 
laid, and the Latin inscription written by his friend. Dr. Harris, may thus 
be translated: "Here lies the body of Edward Chamberlayne L.L.D. a 
member of the Church of England, sprung from the ancient Norman family 
of Tancarville, born at Oddington in 1616. He was a student of Grammar 
at Gloucester, of Jurisprudence at Oxford, of Ancient Languages at London, 
and travelled through many countries of Europe. He married in 1656 Miss 
Susannah Clifford, of an ancient and very aristocratic family, and had nine 
children. In 1679 he was appointed tutor to Henry, duke of Grafton, a son 
of Chas. 2(], and afterwards to Prince George of Denmark, husband of Queen 
Anne. He wrote several books, but is best known by his "Anglia Notitia," 
to which Macauley frequently refers, and which passed through many editions. 
Dr. Chamberlaine made many translations from the Italian, Spanish and 
Portuguese Languages, and at his request, ' on the rising ground ' where he 
was buried six of his works covered with wax were deposited." His son, 
John Chamberlaine, continued his father's work under the title of ** Magna 
Brittanica Notitia," publishing several new editions. With all its defects 
this was the only statistical authority of his day. Mr. John Chamberlaine 
was a graduate of Oxford, wrote several original works, and translated: " The 
Religious Philosopher" from the Dutch of Nunwentyt. He departed this 
life in 1723. 

Anne, only daughter of Dr. Edward Chamberlaine, born in 166/7, lies 
buried in an adjoining vault She married Mr. John Spragg, and d:jed on 
October 20th, 1691. Her uncle, Capt. Clifford, a highly educated and ajccom 
plished man, died about the same time, aged 31 years. 

In 1560 a descendant of Kichard Chamberlaine married his coUffiD, an 
heiress of the Tancarville family, and their son Richard married inL#1600, a 
Welsh lady by the name of Wilson, a cousin of Thomas Wilson, Lo (^ rd Bishop 
of Sodor and Man. Richard Chamberlaine, Jr., Was among the pa»\fjeiitees of 
the First Virginia Charter in 1609, and with other merchant adventVarers of 



the nobility, gentry, and artisans, took "stock" in the commercial enterprise 
for opening North America. Hence ship building began very early in the 
colonies. Richard Chamberlaine never visited America, but his portrait, 
brought to "Plaindealing" by his grandson, Samuel Chamberlaine, in 1723 
for years hung at " Bonfield," in the back room known as "Miss Harriet's, 
and in 1870 was "for greater preservation" removed by Dr. Joseph Cham- 
berlaine to his home in Easton, Marvland. 

TH0MA.S, son of Richard and Wilson Chamberlaine, was so named in 
honor of his distinguished relative, the Lord Bishop of Sodor and Man, and 
was born in 1658, at Whitford, near Moslyn, in Flintshire. His education 
was somewhat neglected in consequence of the death of his father when 
Thomas was yet an infant, but as he grew to manhood he became interested 
in commerce and ship building, and continued the trade which his father 
commenced with the American colonies, owning several vessels plying between 
Liverpool and Oxford in Maryland. In 1700 The Elizabeth was built for 
Mr. Chamberlaine and his sons by Gilbert Livesley, on Skillington's Land, a 
point above Oxford, on what is now called Trippe's Creek, and cost 800 lbs. 
of tobacco, was manned by 24 guns and 96 men. In the " Records of Port 
Oxford" written by the son and grandsons of Thomas Chamberlaine (and 
presented to the Maryland Historical Society in Baltimore in 1879), these 
ships are frequently mentioned. 

Thomas Chamberlaine was twic3 married. By his first wife, Miss Ann 
Penketh, he had five children, viz. : John, Thomas, Mary, Esther, Samuel. 
The children by his second marriage with Miss Heyling were Richard, 
William, Joseph. 

Mr. Chamberlaine resided at " Saughall," the home of his fathers from 
1334, and efforts were made to induce him to devise this property to his 
grandson and namesake, Thomas Chamberlaine of " Plaindealing," the first 
American homestead, but in accordance with the law of primogeniture it 
was left to his eldest grandson, son of John Chamberlaine who died in 
Virginia in 1721. This grandson, also called John, died without male heirs, 
and his daughter Melliora being the next heir, the property fell by right 

to her. 

Thomas Chamberlaine died in 1757, at the advanced age of ninety-nine 
years. His portrait was brought to America by his son Samuel in 1723, and 
is still in the possession of the "BonfiekV Chamberlaine family.. In this 
picture the sternness of expression in the forehead and dark eye peculiar to 
t e Chamberlaines, is distinctly traceable, and there is another physical pecu- 
1 irity marking the family from " Saughall on the Dee,'* which has been 

served for several generations, that the little fingers together diverge at an 
a gle very distinctive, and the same fingers of no other person outside this 
g nesis will make this peculiar conformation. Trivial as these family pecu- 

1 rities are they must have their philosophy. 


JoHif, eldest sou of Thomas and Ann Penketh Chambeiiaine, was born at 
^'Saughair' in 1690. At the age of twenty he engaged with his father in the 
tobacco trade with Maryland, made frequent visits to Oxford, and finally 
settled there as a merchant After a few years' residence in Maryland circum- 
stances obliged him to return to England, but meeting with severe losses by 
the firm Ghamberlaine & Earle, he came back ta America, and died in Vir- 
ginia in 1721, aged 31 years. There is a mural tablet erected to his memory 
in the church at St. Michael's, in Talbot county, Maryland, where it is sup- 
posed the family worshipped, as ^^ Plaindealing" was in the vicinity of that 
town and church. John Ghamberlaine came to Oxford in Tlie Elizabeth as 
in command (his father owning the vessel), and made several voyages before 
settling in business as agent or factor of Foster, Cnnliffe & Co., of Liverpool, 
and afterwards as member of a commercial firm with Mr. Earle. He married 
Miss Margaret Clay, of Yorkshire, who survived him, and by whom he had 
three children, John, Elizabeth, Add, 

JoHKs son of John and Margaret Clay Ghamberlaine, was born at 
" Saughall '^ in 1714, and married a Miss — Methwold, a relative of the Earl of 
Effingham, and had one daughter, Melliora. This gentleman was living at 
Chester, a widower and without children, in 1794, but from letters bearing 
that date we learn that he had become stone blind. 

Mellioka, only daughter of John and Miss — Methwold Ghamberlaine, 
married Mr. George Reeve, a London banker, and died in 1789 at " Eanston," 
their country seat in Dorsetshire, leaving one son, John Ghamberlaine Beeves 
bom in August, 1783, a ward in Chancery and at school in Chester in 1795, 
when Thomas Ghamberlaine Earle, of Maryland, visited his English cousins. 
By a ludicrous mistake this gentleman when in England received more atten- 
tion at the London hotels than is usually shown to a private citizen. Having 
registered his name, " Thomas Ghamberlaine Earle, of Baltimore," he was 
thought to be a titled gentleman, and was treated and feted accordingly. 

Elizabeth, daughter of John and Margaret Clay Ghamberlaine, married 
a Mr. Eaines, and died without children. 

Anne, daughter of John and Margaret Clay Ghamberlaine, married a 
Mr. Wrench, of Chester. Their only daughter, Margaret, married Mr. Allen 
Holford, of Davenham, and had four daughters. 

Thomas, son of Thomas and Ann Penketh Ghamberlaine, died unmar- 
ried in 1708, aged twenty-one years. 

Mary, daughter of Thomas and Ann Penketh Ghamberlaine, married a 
Captain Lewis, and it is thought came to Oxford in the early years of the 
last century, and finally settled in North Carolina with their two sons, John 
and George, one of whom went to Jamaica. 

Samuel, youngest son of Thomas and Ann Penketh Ghamberlaine, was 
born at "Saughall," oa May 17, 1697, and when seventeen years of age 
came to Maryland with his brother John, in their vessel, The Elizabeth^ and 
settled first at Oxford, making his home in 1735, at " Plaindealing," where 
he died on April 30th 1773. 


EsTHEB, daughter of Thomas and Ann Penketh Chamberlaine, died 

EiCHARD, son of Thomas Chamberlaine and his second wife, Miss 

Heyling, came frequently to Maryland. He married an English lady by the 
name of Taylor, and died without children. His widow married a Mr, 
O'Brien, of London, and resided there in 1796 a widow of four score years. 

William, the second son of Thomas and Ann Penketh Chamberlaine, 
was unfortunately drowned. 

Joseph, third son of Thomas and Ann Penketh Chamberlaine, married in 
1740 Miss Ann Prescott, a sister of George Prescott, a wealthy banker, and 
died in April, 1775, leaving a widoAv and five children, George, John, Eichard, 
Mary, Elizabeth. 

George, son of Joseph and Ann Prescott Chamberlaine, was born in 

1742, and entered the arnjy in 1770. He married Miss Hays, a sister of 

Sir Samuel Hays an Irish baronet, who died leaving one son George (now 
1795 in Holy Orders, and Eector of Long Parish near Andover in Hamp- 
shire), who married Miss Susannah Long, a daughter of Bceston Long, the 
great Jamaica planter, and merchant in London. 

Mr. George Chamberlaine contracted a second marriage with Miss Eliza- 
beth Bond, a sister of his brother-in-law, and lived at Devonshire Place, 
Cavendish Square, London, and had a country seat called **Burwood" near 
Cobham in Surry. Their daughters, Mariana and Elizabeth, were living in 
London in 1795, and said to be beautiful and accomplished women. 

JoHif, son of Joseph and Ann Prescott Chamberlaine, was born in 1744. 
Having acquired a small fortune by merchandise, he in 1794 "was out of 
business, giving his undivided attention to the care of his property which 
consisted of houses and lands," holding, however, the position of Chief 
Director and Treasurer of a Canal Company. This gentleman never visited 
Maryland but kept up some intercourse by letter with his Oxford 

KiCHABD, son of Joseph and Ann Prescott Chamberlaine, was born at 
Chester in 1746. AVe learn from his letters thafc he came to Maryland and 
settled for a time in Oxford, and entered into business with his relatives 
there, and that his financial condition was somewhat improved by their 
management, as ho owned the Meliora, and invested largely in commercial 
houses. He returned to England in 1791, and in 1795 was living with his 
mother and unmarried brother at Chester. His health, delicate from infancy, 
unfitted him for business, and later in life brought on a mental trouble ending 
in derangement. His sister Martha died unmarried in 1769, and Elizabeth, 
the youngest of the family, married in 1770 the late Benjamin Bond, and 
died leaving one daughter who died in 1782. On January 23, 1791, Mr. 
Bond married a Miss Knight of Warwickshire, and inheriting a vast fortune 


from bis maternal grandfather, took the name of Hopkins. He died in 1794 
leaving large legacies to the Chamberlaines, the brothers of his first wife, and 
a large fortune to his only daughter.* « 












Chesteb, March 26, 1768. 

Deab Sib— I take the opportunity of my brother's departure to your place, to thank you 
for the many civilities and faTors showed him during his late stay with you. My mother, 
sister and Aunt B. join me in compliments to you, also thanking you for your kindness 
to Richard. Gratitude will always dictate to us how much we are under obligations to 
you. Richard again troubles you with a visit, and I have written to my uncle to entreat 
his assistance to put him in some station or occupation, by which he may procure him- 
self an honest livlihood. As he will be entitled to some £200 or 300, after my mother's 
death, perhaps a sufficient sum might be raised on his security here, or with you, if 
needed. As clothing is the greatest article of expense, I shall take care to send him every 
year a good assortment of linen, etc., until he is able to provide them lor himself. 
Entreating for him a continuance of kindness from my uncle and yourself, I remain 
dear cousin, Yr. affectionate kinsman, 

To S. Chambeblaine, Jb., Oxford, Md. 

London, March 8, 1772. 

Deab Sib— I deferred writing until Capt. Love sailed for Maryland, and will send 
by him an account of our voyage home. We had a summer's passage until we got into 
soundmgs, a fine steady gale, and pleasant weather for three or four weeks, but we had 
blustering weather in the channel and violent gales of wind in soundings, and as the 
thick atmosphere prevented our seeing land we went, we knew not whither. On 

* The above facts wero taken from a manuscript written by Thomas Chamberlalne Earle, of 
Queen Anne's Coimty, Maryland, when on a visit to England in 1795, and were given to him by 
John Chamberlalne, Jr., of Chester. In a work entitled *' Magna Brittanica" to be found in the 
Congressional Library at Washington, there is a history of the County of Cheshire with a full 
notice of this family. 


December 8th the wind comiDg more ahead, we tacked about and stood down the 
channel. The gale increased, and we were obliged to take in topsails and work with 
mainsail and foreail. We were much alarmed about 6 P. M. at seeing a light off the lee 
quarter, but this proved to be the Eddistone Light House, and though the ship lay upon 
her side three streaks of the deck in water, we were obliged to carry on a pressing sail all 
night to get out of the channel, though we expected to see yards and sails blown away, 
and with much difficulty got the mainsail hauled. Several heavy seas laid us on all fours 
and I never closed my eyes all night, for I hardly expected to see daylight, and all were 
surprised that the MeiUora held out so well. 

I have spent most of my time here at the house of Mr. Bond, my brother-in-law, 
where I have met with all manner ol kindness from the family. I have seen my aunt 
in tho country, die has been very kind to me. To-morrow I am going to ride to Chester, 
102 miles, on a horse my brother bought here. He has been in town for some weeks in 
order to get a bill passed in Parliament for making a navigable canal from Chester to 
Namptwich and Middlewlch, which he has at last accomplished. My brother George 
sailed for Grenada last month, after spending a week at London. I have got the Bills of 
Exchange accepted. Mr. Norton made some objection to Mrs. Nicol's Bill, as he received 
no account by letter. If you can send any Bill of Exchange at 66|<7. or near it, so as to 
lose but little, you may do so, Mr. Anderson will receive them. I am well acquainted 
there, and he will do me any favor that lies in his power. Direct to me at my brother 
John's in Chester. I am not certain where I shall settle yet I shall endeavor, to get into 
business in England if possible. My relations here are able to put me in business, and 
want only inclination. If you can succeed in forcing Thomas Dawson to settle with me, 
and can get Tobacco in payment at market price, I should think that would do. But 
you will know best. Present my Duty to my uncle, and respects to all my kind friends 
in Maryland, and believe me to be Yr. affectionate kinsman, 


To Samuel Chamberlaine, Jr., Oxford, Maryland. 

Island Cbbbk in Talbot Co , Md., July 8th, 1772. 

Dear Sir — Yours by Capt. Love has reached my hands. 1 had heard some months 
before of the Meliora getting home, and Mr. B. told me he had seen you in London. I am 
glad to hear of the kindness of your friends, and wish you all success in yourexpecta^ons 
from them. The old gentleman, my father, goes on as usual at " Plaindealing," and has 
been rather better this Spring and Summer. He keeps up his old practice of riding about 
his plantation every fair day with his man Kitt behind him. 

My brother, James Lloyd Chamberlaine and family on the Death of Mrs. Golds- 
borough (his mother-in-law) removed, and are settled at "Peach Blossom." My affair 
at Ratcliffe Manor, was concluded on January 15th« Miss H. M. Hollyday on that day 
becoming Mrs. C, and we have been settled at this place since March last, tasting not a 
little of matrimonial Felicity. Messrs. Earl and Nicols, and their families are all well, 
and your friends in general keep well. Messrs. Hay ward and Hollyday expressed great 
satisfaction In hearing from you. As to your matters lefl with me, I have received from 
everybody except Dawson, McGowan & Edmondson, and have enclosed the money to 
Mr. James Anderson of Tower Hill, London, directing him to place it to your Credit 
Daw6on*8 debt is well secured, but a Chap in Dorset County, has made a charge against 
you for carting your goods from Potter's. I shall be obliged to pay it, as there is no 
receipt among your papers to prove that the service was paid for. Make my Respectful 
Compliments to your Mother and Brother, and believe me to be 

Yr. affectionate Kinsman, 
To RioHABD Chamberlaine, Chester, England. S. CiIaMBERLAINE, Jr; 


IsLASD Crbbk, Sept. &f 1772. 


Dbab Sib — My lagt was by your old baik tlie MeUora^ stating that I had sect money 
to Mr. Anderson with directions to apply it to your accoui\t. I have since recieiycd 
£20-10-7 iVom Tom DawEon in payment of his debt to you, which I transmit through 
Mr. Anderson. Your fHend P. McGowan has run off, but luckily I had secured your 
debt. Yr. Relation & Friends are well, and driving on at the old rate. With respects to 
your Mother & Brothers I am as ever yr affectionate kinsman 


By the Richmond ^ Capt. Love. 

Crebter, Nov. 2d, 1772. 

Dbab Sir— Your acceptable favor of lost July, came to hand in Oct. enclosed in a 
letter from Mr. Anderson, bringing me the agreeable news that the bills are secured, also 
yr. remittance for £37 10. I cannot think who makes a claim against me for carting goods. 
If the man swears to every particular it nruist be paid. I am glad to hear of the well 
being of my friends, & wish you and Mrs. C. all imaginable felicity in the married state. 
From what I have seen of you both, I may safely believe you a truly happy couple. I 
alas ! am too much unsettled at present to engage in a matrimonial scheme, otherwise I 
would gladly embrace a good offer, for I think marriage is the happiest state in this life. 
Too many consult their own convenience without regarding their future happiness, & 
are miserable forever. I have wished to write to many of my Maryland friends, particu- 
larly Messrs. Hay ward & HoUyday, but I have been in such a poor state of health all 
summer. Was confined to my room some months in a very bad way, but thank God, am 
now mending. Though remote from them, I can never forget their kindness, and many 
civilities. I cannot sufficiently thank you for settling my affairs. I had little hope of 
securing Dawson's debt, but as SamU Dickinson is bound fur the payment, it is safe 
enough. You may remit all you can collect, & I will place the money in my Brother's 
hands until I need it. He has now £260, for which he allows me 5 pet. I am at present 
in his Compting House and have no prospect just now of doing any better. My brother 
George is ordered from Grenada to St. Vincent's to expel the Carribecs, which is dan- 
gerous undertaking. I was treated most kindly by Mr. Bond when in London, & by all 
the family. Kode daily in his chariot, and visited with him some great families, and 
went to church with him. On Sundays, he is very strict and reticent, reads prayers at 
night to all his servants, who are expected to be present, at other times he is as familiar 
& pleasant as other people. I had as much attention during his absence from home as if 
he was present. Two men servants constantly waited at table, <x; the usual dessert with 
wine & fruits after dinner, were all in princely style. Mr. Bond's father lives about a 
mile off, in a noble house as strong as a castle, costing nearly £20,000. The richness of 
the furniture is past description. I was frequently entertained here, and passed the 
Winter Evenings most agreeably with himself & his sister, who is really good natured, 
and fond of me on my sister's account whom they all loved. I have no doubt, that when 
my brother-in-law comes into possession ol his Grandfather's Estate, he will be a good 
fp end to me. Tell my uncle that Chester improves daily in buildings, etc. They are 
cutting a canal from this place to Middlewich (under the North gate) 24 miles, which will 
be completed in 5 years, to cost £42,000, and my brother John is the chief director and 
treasurer. I went recently to Manchester to see the Duke's Canal, and went in the 
passage boat, going & returning a distance of 24 miles. There were 50 in company and 
we were greatly entertained. Two hours in the night the boat was drawn by a single 
horse with a boy on him, going about 5 miles an hour. The boat is 40 feet long, & G feet 
wide, has a deck covering with windows on each side. The most astonishing works on 
this Canal, are at Altrincham where the Canal is 35 feet above the level of the meadows, 


and entends nearly a mile, & under this is a Hiver. I was at Barlon Bridge which is a 
wonderful sight, and at Worsley Coal mine went nearly 2 miles under ground by water, 
but it was very frightful. The Canal now bein^ cut from Leeds to Liverpool, will cost 
£200,000, to extend 108 miles when finished. My mother is in a poor state of health, 
often afflicted with Gout and Rheumatism. I planted some Indian corn in a garden here, 
and it came on very well, but was rather too late in the ground. 'I never saw Lloyd 
Tilghman when I was in London, I went one day to look for him, but could not find 
him. With my Dutiful Respects to my uncle, and a tender of all that is due to all 
around you I remain Yr. affectionate kinsman. 

To S. Chambbrlainb, Oxford, Maryland. RICH'D CHAMBERLAINE. 

Chester, Jan'y 30th, 1773. 

Dear Sir— I duly rec'd your fayour of 17th ulto. by Capt. Love, & you have my 
be£t thanks for procuring and settling the Bills for me. I hope you will have no difficulty 
in procuring me the remainder of Dawson^s debt, as I may have occasion for the money 
in procuring a place in the Customs, which will be suitable to my inclinations as well as 
my health, which is now, and has been for some time, very precarious, owing to a pam 
in my side which I fear is hard to remove. Mr. Bond^s grandfather Hopkins died lately 
at Bath, leaving him an Estate of £8000 pr. annum. In a recent letter from him he styles 
himself Bond Hopkins, & although ho expresses a tender and affectionate concern for 
my welfare and happiness in the future, I cannot determine how far his friendship may 
extend towards me, now that it is in his power to assist me. I am glad to hear of the 
welfare of all relatives & friends with you, and did my health permit would write often 
to them, & in this way prove my gratitude for their numberless civilities & kindnesses. 
My brother George is at St. Vincent's, where the Indians are not yet subdued, but I fear 
the Troops will suffer more from the unhealthy climate, than from any skirmish with the 
Indians. If my brother is living my uncle (Mr. Prescott) has procured him the majority 
of the Regiment, which will be ordered home this year or next. Tell Cousin Henny 
Nicols, also Cousin Henny Chamberlaine (your wife) that I long to have some fried 
Homminy, for I can get none here. I expect to have a crop for roasting cars, as we have 
bad no frost yet to speak of, and the weather is remarkably mild for the season. I have 
begun planting which I suppose you will not do for sometime. I may truly call this a 
weeping climate, the sun so seldom makes his appearance in Winter, and not often in 
Summer. However these frequent rains cause a perpetual verdure, which adds agreeably 
to the prospect. This city has so much improved of late years, & is still increasing, that 
without any partiality I think it is the most agreeable place for a person of fortune to livo 
in. It is at present full of gentry, and by subscribing 10 shillings yearly, one can go to 
the Coffee House every night, and pass a pleasant evening in the best company. But the 
walls, nearly 2 miles in circuit add most to the beauty of Chester, and being on a rising 
ground, command a most delightful and extensive prospect all round for about 80 miles, 
so that you may have a view to the extent of 60 miles by only turning round.. The 
canal that they are now cutting cIorc by the walls, about 60 feet below the foot walk, will 
make it exceedingly pleasant. You can see the Canal for 2 miles on a straight course, 
and the walls in the dirtiest weather are always clean. In rainy weather one may walk 
as dry as in a house from one part of the city to another by means of Piazzas, which are 
very convenient. When you consider that this city contains 30,000 souls, and its vicinity 
to Liverpool, you will be surprised to learn that a single person can live and dress well 
on £50 a year which can hardly be done with double that sum in London. With repects 
to all friends I remain Yr. affectionate kinsman, 

To S. Chambbrlaiitb, Oxford, Md RICHARD CHAMBERLAINE. 



Chbsteb, May 3rd, 1773. 

Dear Sib— I embrace this opportunity afforded by a Vessel from Liverpool, to tbank 
you for the remittances last received, & to desire tbat you transmit the remainder as soon 
as possible, as I shall have occasion to use it in Eome branch of Business. My brother 
has £320 of my money, for which he allows me 5fcf^ and my mother, who is in a very 
];)Oor' state of health, allows me £20 for my board. This is barely sufficient to keep me at 
present, but I hope my relatives who are able, will give me some assistance. My health 
has been wretched enough far months past, the pain in my side being troublesome, but 
somewhat relieved by blistering. I long very much to see my Maryland friends and 
• relatives. I meet with none of that friendship & hospitality in England, that I received 
from them, & I feel the loss of their good company, though surrounded with the gayest 
amusements. Our Haces begin to-day on the finest course in England, being on a level, 
and i mile round, with a most delightful prospect from the Walls for half a mile, and a 
view of 50,000 persons. The new play house is just finished which is very elegant, <fc 
the players are come down from London for the Bummer season. My brother George 
has returned from St. Vincent*s, & is now in London with General Dalrymple, who 
desired his company, & will soon be at home. He expects the majority of the Regiment 
which my Uncle has reserved for him. We have had a very fine Winter, but the Spring 
is very cold, & as I write large hail stones are falling, and the ground is covered with 
snow. My hand is so cold that I can scarcely hold my pen to subscribe m)rself, your 
affectionate kinsman, RICHARD CHAMBERLAINE. 

To S. CpAMBBRLAiNB, .Jr., Oxford, Md. 

Talbot County, Oct. 1st, 1773. 

Dear Sir— Dawson has 'paid me within £20, of the whole debt to you, & promises 
tbat I shall have the remainder in a short time. As you desire to have your money in 
order to purchase any sinecure that may offer, I have transmitted a Bill of £120@66|pc/ 
( which is tbe present Exchange), to Mr. Anderson in a letter that goes with this, with 
directions to advise you of the receipt of the money. The remainder I will send by 
return of Mr. Anderson's ship, that is daily expected here. In the middle of March last, 
the old gentleman your Uncle, had a return of a disease ( which you may remember often 
troubled him) which increased so much upon him as to confine him to the house, and in 
a month to his bod, where he expired on the 29th of April last About the same time ray 
brother James Lloyd, lost his little boy Robins. A most alarming malady passed through 
this part of the country in the Sprino:, which swept off many people, your friend Jona- 
than Nicols being one of the victims. Many whose throats were affected died in a few 
hours, but when the head or breast was the seat of the disorder it did not so soon produce 
death. The people near the fresh waters of the Choptank, were most subject to these 
complaints. Your cousin Jimmy has lately had another son whom he calls Robins, and 
Nancy Ear'e, your cousin in Queen Anne County, a daughter, whom she calls Sukey. 
These I believe are the only young relations that you have here. You must be contented 
with hearing that we are all well, as I cannot now write of each particularly. Mrs. 
Chamberlaine desires her remembrances to you, & joins n:e m compliments to your 
Mother & Brothers. The young man Smith, of whom you wrote, enclosed your letter 
to me from Baltimore. I ^regret that I could not encourage his hopes of obtaining 
employment through my recommendation, as it was not in my power to do anything for 
him. I invited him to pay us a visit, but I have heard nothing more of him Since I 
last wrote I have recovered the Breast Buckle you lost when here, and now return it to 
you. Yrs. affectionately. 

To Richard Chambbrlaine. S. CHAMBERLAINE. 


CnESTBB, Feby. 2d, 1774. 

Dear Sir—I am very much obliged to you for the good news respecting Dawson's 
debt, also for the early remittance, & wish I had the remainder safe in my Brother*s 
hands, as he gives me good interest for what he has of mine. Some time ago a vacancy 
happened in the Customs at this place, but my application came too late. Another of 
£60pran at Parkgate met with the same fate, as a more powerful application was made 
for a distressed family to Lord North through interest of Sir Roger Mostyn who owns 
great part of PaAgate. Col. Burgoine had the disposal of the place, & wrote word that 
£150 would procure it. 1 expected a deputation down yesterday, but the Col. was 
obliged to decline the offer, I am therefore as unsettled as ever. I would venture to come 
to America, but that I cannot well leave my Mother, who is my best friend in England. 
I am heartily tired of idleness, & yet my bad state of health is a great drawback to any 
business, & has been all my life. The pain in my side continued, & at Christmas I was 
very bad with it. & in cold weather it is troublesome, though I am not always confined to 
the house or my bed. I hoped to have letters from you last year in some of your home- 
in ard bound ships. I now write to inform you not to trouble Mr. Anderson with my 
Bills, as my brother will in future negociate any that you send me. Were I in London 
I c'd correspond more frequently with my friends in Md. I did write to Mr. Hollyday, 
but I was then obliged to shorten my letter because of the great pain in my side. I hope 
to go to Liverpool in the Spriug, and stay the Summer for the benefit of my health, <& 
will have opportunities from thence. My mother is in poor health & George is at Chester, 
expects to join his Regiment very soon. Brother John is well. Mr. Bond Hopkins writes 
every 2 months from Cobham in Surry, 20 miles from London. My niece comes on fast, 
and he is married again. I mast conclude with respects from all to my Uncle, & remain 
dear cousin Yrs. most aflectionately. 

To S. Chamberlaine, Jr., Oxford, Md. RICHARD CHAMBERLAINE. 

Oxford. Md., May 2nd, 1774. 

Dear Sir — I am surprised to find by your leltter that mine have not been received, as 
I wrote in Oct., of the partial settlement of Dawson's debt, and of the poor old gentle- 
man your uncle's illness and death which happened on 29th of April a twelvemonth ago, 
also of the death of Jonathan Nicols of Barker's Landing. We have since lost my 
brother-in-law William Kicols, after a short illness, and I am afraid has left his family in 
a rather destitute condition. We must do all we can for our sister, & the children, who 
are all pretty hearty. I am afraid that you will suffer somewhat by this event, for the 
money left by McQowan for you, was placed in Mr. Nicols' hands, and I much question 
whether he has left any Acc't. of it, but I will examine into it, and let you know. James 
& family are well, also Dickey & Nancy Earle. My Henny ( for there are so many that 
I must use that distinctiou) is at Ratcliffe Mauor, where our little girl was born on March 
31st. We shall call her Anna Maria, after her grandmother, Mrs. Hollyday, & to-morrow 
purpose to carry the little stranger home. Mr. Hollyday will write to you shortly & is 
always glad to hear from you. With respectful compliments to your Mother & Brothers 

I am vr. affectionate cousin, 
To Richard Chamberlaixe, Ckcstcr, England. S. CHAMBERLAINE. 

Chester, Sept. 4th, 1774. 

Dear Sir — ^You will have been informed before this of :Mr. Anderson's failure, prior 
to which he had retained in his hands your letters of advice in regard to my affairs. I 
hope that you will be no loser by him. The account stands in his favour, and he writes 
to me that he had given you credit from the first for the sums you had remitted him, and 
that I had no concern with him in any respect, to which I acquiesce. I only wrote to 


inquire how tilings stood, & if I might draw upon him on your Account for any sum. 
As he is under a cloud, that is now impossible. I am told his Creditors have in general 
agreed to a compromise, and I shall be glad to learn that you do not suffer by him. Your 
letters with the melancholy news of the death of my Uncle & friends in the Nicols family, 
have come to hand. I sincerely console with Cousin Henny Nicols in her sad bereave- 
ment, and if I have any account against her late husband, I beg that you will make iio 
further mention of it, as I cannot wish to distress any individual, much less an absent 
Relation and friend, whose civility and kindness I can never forget. I find the climate 
in this part of the World very disagreeable and trying to my constitution, & often wish 
myself in Maryland. There is hardly any Summer here, & the Harvests that used to be 
in July & August, are now in Bept. & Oct. We rarely see the Sun, & there is a per- 
petual rain, hardly one clear day in the week. I am sorry to see the Americans so cruelly 
oppressed, and in particular the town of Boston by that Act, for shutting up the Port, as 
it involves the innocent with the guilty. I wish them success in their endeavours to get 
that Act repealed, and all differences settled between the two countries. Present my kind 
respects to all relatives and friends, and believe me dear cousin 

Ever yr. affectionate Kinsman, 
To S. Chamberlaine, Oxford, Md. RICH'i) CHAMBERLAINE. 

Talbot Coukty, Md., Dec. 27, 1774. 

Deab Sib— I received your letter by the Packet^ that to be sent by way of Phila. 

has not yet reached me. I am equally concerned and surprised to hear of James Ander- 

son^s failure. So far from my being in his debt, both father & son have been in mine 

from the first of our business intercourse, and now owe me £70. As it was confidently 

said that old Mr. William Anderson died worth £30,000, Jimmy was supposed to be in 

affluent circumstances, & no one suspected until lately that his affairs were in a bad way. 

I sincerely wish that the Bill had gone to yourself, and as I only followed your directions, 

I cannot view my conduct in a light any way exceptionable. Please send me any letter 

that you have received from James Anderson, and I will do all I can to recover any thing 

for you. Keep also an authenticated copy of any letter you send. Mrs. Chamberlaine 

joins me in best wishes to your mother & brothers & yourself. 

Yr, affectionate kinsman, 

To Mb. Richabd CnAMBEBLAiNS, West Chester, England. 

Chestkb, May 22d, 1775. 

Dbab Sib — My losses are entirely due to my own imprudence, though it was 
natural for me to confide in your agent in London. I cannot however blame you in the 
least, and shall be greatly obliged for your kind assistance in arranging my affairs, and 
shall concur with you in anything that you may do for the best, not doubting but that 
you will act wisely. I am sorry to see the disputes with America carried to so great a 
length, & hope matters will soon be accommodated to the mutual advantage of Great 
Britain & her Colonies. Yr. affectionate kinsman, 

To S. Chambeblaine, Oxford, Md. RICH. CHAMBERLAINE. 

[Power of Attorney to S. Cluntiiberlaine^ Jr.] 
Mabyland, Talbot County : 

Know all men by tliese presents ^ That I, Richard Chamberlaine, now of Talbot County, 
in the Province of Maryland, gentleman, have hereby constituted, and authorised Samuel 
Chamberlaine, Jr., of said County and Province, aforesaid gentleman, to be my lawful 
Attorney for me and in my name and to my use, to ask, sue for, receive all & every such 


Debts and sums of Money which are now due unto me from any Person or persons, or any 
way howsoever, to do execute and perform as fully, largely, and amply, in every respect 
to all intents as I myself might or could do were I personally present. And I do hereby 
ratify and confirm, allow, whatsoever my said Attorney shall lawfully do in or about the 
Execution of the Premises, by Virtue of these Presents. Witness whereof I have here- 
unto put my Hand and Seal this first Day of October in the year of our Lord one 
thousand seven hundred and seventy-one. RICHARD CHAMBERLAINE. 

Sealed and delivered in the presence of James Nicols. 

In his Will drawn up in the same month, Mr. Chamberlaine devises his property in 
England and America to his brothers John and George, with £50 sterling to his mother, 
and appoints his kinsman, Samuel Chamberlaine, to be his Executor in Maryland. 

Chester, June 28th, 1778. 

Dear Cousin — It is now a long time since we have had the pleasure of hearing from 
you owing to the unhappy disturbances that have happened between our countries. I 
earnestly trust in God that this will find you in good health, and. all our relatives free 
from the calamities usually attending on War. Mr Griffith, a gentleman from Charleston, 
B. C, having resided here some years, is obliged by ill health to return to those parts, & 
promising to take your town on his way, has offered to carry despatches for us. I there- 
fore enclose the letter which we wrote 3 years since, containing sufficient powers & 
documents to demand & enforce the payment of the money due from Mr. Anderson to 
my brother Richard. I trust that an accommodation will take place between our Coun- 
tries, and put a stop to the most unhappy War that ever happened between people so 
nearly allied to one another as we are. If all other difficulties can be satisfactorily 
arranged, we hope something short of independence will be acceptable to the Americans, 
for tee rather than any other nation are best formed to be friends with you. Referrlnir 
you to Mr. Griffith for family news, I remain with great regard. 

Dear cousin, your most affectionate kinsman, 


To Samtjel Chamberlaike, Esq., Oxford, Maryland. 

Chester, 10th August, 1794. 

Dear Sir — From the relationship in which we stand, and more particularly from 
the intimacy I had with your nephew, my cousin, Thos. Chamberlaine, Jr., who left 
these parts a few years past, after favoring me with his company for a few weeks in 
Chester, I take this opportunity of inquiring after your health, that of your family in 
general, and particularly of that of my cousin Thomas, if it has pleased God to continue 
him in this world. Of this I am doubtful, because of a letter he wrote to my brother 
George about two years ago, wherein he expresses himself as being in a very precarious 
state of health and under the advice of his physician to go to Bermuda or some favorable 
climate for its restoration. It will be pleasing to be favored with any particulars relating 
to him, as my brother Richard & I entertain a high esteem for him. 

Respecting our family, cousin Thomas, no doubt,gave you particulars up to that time, 
but it is no trouble to recapitulate them and I will mention that our father, Joseph Cham- 
berlaine, married into the Prescott family, one of the first bankers now in London and worth 
£200,000, (the brother here died in 1769 and left me £1,000 and his business in the Lead 
Commission line,) and died in 1753, leaving his children, George, now about fifty-two, my- 
self fifty and my younger brother Richard forty-eight, with two sisters, very destitute in 
the world Indeed. My Uncle Prescott, in addition to his gift to me, left £500 to my brother 



Biohard and £2,000 to my sister Elizabeth, (my sister Martha was then dead,) who being 
at Bristol Wells for her health, met with a gentleman of large fortune, (a Mr. Bond, who 
was heir to the famous Vulture Hopkins Estate of about £7,000 per annum,) whom she 
afterwards married. My sister died in 1772, leaving a daughter, who died at the early 
age often years. About six years after, my brother George, then a Captain in the Army, 
married the only sister of Mr. Bond, with a fortune of £36,000, by whom he has two 
daughters , the eldest fifteen years old , the second about thirteen . By his first wife Miss Hayg 
he had a son George, who was brought up a clergyman and has been nearly as fortunate 
as his father, haying married a daughter of Beeston Long (the great J amaica Planter <& 
Merchant in London,) with £20,000. At this date my nephew has no family. Mr. Bond 
Hopkins married again and died a few months ago and left about £200,000. £100.000 to 
his daughter by his 2nd wife, now 19 years of age, & £12,000 to my brother George 
and his wife. As for myself I still remain a bachelor & likely to continue one. I 
am out of business, having acquired £12 to £15,000, which being vested in lands & houses, 
take up much time in looking after and improving. Brother Richard is in tolerable 
health, & lives near me, not being calculated for a man of business, & not disposed to go 
much into company. He desires his affectionate remembrances to you <& other 
cousins and hopes that you will be able to recover for him his old debts, particularly 
that of £120, due from Anderson, & the interest for the bill protested for non-payment. I 
think Anderson returned to America in the late War, & you may possibly know some- 
thing of him, & learn of any prospect of recovering the money. If it could be recovered 
as an old American debt d He to a British subject, payments of which were s.topped by your 
State, it might be worth attending to. 

My Cousin John Chamberlaine, the blind gentleman, now lives close byjne&has 
come to end his days here. He is now 80 years of age & very infirm in his limbs, being 
crippled with the Gout, having lived too freely perhaps in his younger days, but is 
hearty, and in good spirits. An income of £500 a year, enables him to keep a carriage 
seldom made use of He is the eldest branch of our family, being the grandson of Thos. 
Chamberlaine of" Baughall," by his first wife Ann Penketh, and son of John C. wlio died 
in Va. in 1721. Your father S. C. was next to him, if I recollect right. My father was by a 
2nd wife. Miss Heyling. My cousin above mentioned, had an only daughter Melliora, 
who married a Mr. George Reeve, who kept a Great Manchester Warehouse in London, 
and died worth £40,000. Their son, John Chamberlaine Reeve, is now at school here, 
a fine boy of 11 yrs. of age & will inherit the whole property if lie lives till he arrives at 
age. Should he die before, it is unknown whero this property will go to as Reev,es' heirs 
are not to be found. 

You will excuse my dwelling long on Family notes, it may serve for a long time to 
come, if this comes safe to hand. I will send this by a Mr. Jordan, a gentleman in the 
Chirurgical line, who married a lady of this place, & is going to America to settle, as 
thousands have done lately, and many more are likely to follow, if the system of this 
devoted nation continues as it has done for 20 years past. I mean the fatal propensity we have 
to be involved in bloody and expensive Wars, to answer no good end or purpose whatsoever. 
We had but just recovered from the last impolitic War with our Colonies, which ought to 
have been a warning to us, but we must involve ourselves with 3 rapacious powers of 
infamous character, who after dividing and robbing Poland, & almost annihilating that 
oppressed Kingdom, after first guaranteeing its new Constitution, must get us to join in an 
infamous coalition to stop the progress of Liberty & republicanism in France, a Govern- 
ment in which we had no right to interfere, guilty though it was of enormities which 
cannot be approved of & which every good man must lament. Already many European 
powers, also yours in America, look upon us with a jealous eye on account of our con- 
quests in the West Indies, & when the French gain Holland they may be nearly a match 


for us upon Sea, & perhaps if assisted by the Danes, Swedes & other powers that they 
have an interest in or can command, they will turn the scale against us, even on the 
Ocean, of which it is too much our pride to call ourselves the Sovereign. 

Were I some years younger with a wish to go through more bustle in the world, I 
should certainly pay you a visit, & look out for a few thousand acres in some of your 
jirovinces. When you write be so good as to inform me which province you would 
recx)mmend for settling in the Husbandry line, as the most eligible or cheapest. Excuse 
ik}B long epistle and believe me to be your affectionate Kinsman, 

To Samuel Chambeulaine, Oxford, Md. 

Samuel Chamberlaine op "Plaindealikg," youngest son of Samuel 
and Ann Penketh Ohamberlaine, was born at "Saughall on the Dee/' on May 
16, 1697. Of the boyhood and early education of this gentleman there is no 
record, but his life in after years gives evidence of good training and disci- 
pline in his youth. His father and eldest brother, John, had for years been 
engaged in trade with the Colonies in America, and owned several ships 
plying between Liverpool and Oxford in Maryland. One of these vessels, the 
Elizdbe^y was built for Mr. Thopias Ohamberlaine, by Gilbert Livesley, far 
800 lbs. of Tobacco, and in September 1714, the two brothers took passage in 
her for Oxford, where Samuel finally concluded to settle, and continue the 
trade with England and other parts of the Old World. 

In 1719, by the advancement of funds to that end, he became a member of 
the firm of Katchdale, Norris & Co., and in 1720, an agent or factor for Mr. 
Foster Cuncliffe, a Liverpool merchant. In 1723, he bought out Mr. Ratch- 
dale & Co., and himself, father and sister-in-law, Margaret Clay Cbamber- 
laine, the widow of his brother John, composed the firm of Ohamberlaine & 
Co. On April 3rd, 1721, Mr. Ohamberlaine married Miss Mary Ungle, only 
child of Robert and Frances Ungle, and granddaughter of John and Mar- 
garet Pope, Mr. and Mrs. Pope were among the earliest settlers at Oxford, and 
owned large tracts of land on both sides of the Tred Avon Eiver. ^On one of 
these tracts called " Bo me," "Bonfield," on Boone's Creek, was built in 1772 
by Samuel Ohamberlaine, Jr. Mr. Ungle, the father of Mrs. Ohamberlaine, 
was born in England in 1670, January 23rd, and was for many years a lead- 
ing businessman in Talbot county, Deputy Naval Officer of Port Oxford, and 
through all Queen Anne's reign, a magistrate, and one of *' the Quorum." 
He died at "Plaindealing" in 1727, and surviving his daughter, Mr. Oham- 
berlaine was at great trouble and expense to discover under proofs before the 
Lord Mayor of London, his heirs at law in England. They proved to be 
Mrs. Abigail Hill, wife of Thomas Hill, of London, and Mrs. Mary Alferino, 
wife of Phineas Alferino, (now Alfriend^) of Charles county, Va. From 
these heirs Mr. Ohamberlaine purchased " Plaindealing," a plantation on the 
Tred Avon River, opposite the town of Oxford, but did not reside there until 
1736, after his second marriage. Mrs. Frances Ungle died in 1754, leaving a 
large property^ chiefly in real estate, and many legacies to friends and depen- 


dants. In her will now in the possession of Dr. Chamberlaine of Eafiton, we 
read: "I appoint my son-in-law, Samuel Chamberlaine, to be my heir at law, 
to inherit the residue and remainder of my personal estate." To each of 
Mr. Ghamberlaine's children (by his second wife,) she left large sums of 
money and her executors were ''Samuel Chamberlaine and his son Thomas." 
Her funeral ceremonies were performed by Eey. John Lewis, a Soman 
Catholic priest, officiating at Wye, to whom she left a legacy of ten pounds/' 

A few months after their marriage, Mr. and Mrs. Chamberlaine accompa- 
nied by Mrs. Ungle, paid his last visit to his father at " Saughall," the home 
of his childhood, in Cheshire, England, returning to Oxford the following 
year in the Squire, one of their own vessels. After a year spent in her 
father's house, Mr. and Mrs. Chamberlaine moved to their own home in 
Oxford, where Mrs. Chamberlaine died, on September 13th, 1726. A portrait 
of this lady painted in England, for many years hung over the mantel-piece 
in the Hall chamber at " Bonfield," in which she is represented as a very 
beautiful woman, with black eyes and hair and a brilliant complexion. This 
with three Chamberlaine portraits brought from England, and two of the 
Robins-Hollyday family, were removed for "greater care and preservation " to 
the residence of Dr. Chamberlaine in Easton, in 1870. 

Three years after the death of his wife, Mr. Chamberlaine married on 
January 22nd, 1729, Miss Henrietta Maria Lloyd, daughter of James and Ann 
Grundy Lloyd, and granddaughter of Col. Philemon Lloyd, of " Wye House," 
and his wife, Henrietta Maria Neale Lloyd. 

Mr. Chamberlaine by steady perseverance in commerce and agricultural 
pursuits, soon became one of the richest men in the county and owner of 
thousands of acres of land on Tred Avon and Choptank rivers, also on Miles 
river, opposite the Goldsborough estate. He stood first in the county as an 
honorable, honest and worthy man, of an unimpeachable character, proved 
by the high position he held for thirty-four years in the Lord Proprietor's 
Council of State. He succeeded his father-in-law, Mr. Ungle, as Deputy 
Naval Officer of Pokomoke and Oxford and was Collector of Port Oxford 
until 1748, when he resigned the position and was succeeded in the office by 
his eldest son, Thomas Chamberlaine. We learn from certain records that 
Mr. Chamberlaine contributed ( no doubt largely,) towards the erection of "a 
frame " chapel in Oxford. There can be no doubt but that his children were 
trained in the doctrines and practices of the Church of England, as Rev. 
Thomas Bacon was Rector of the Parish, and in charge of this chapel as well 
as of the parish church, called White Marsh, situated about six miles from 
Oxford on the road to Easton. In 1745 Dr. Bacon came to Oxford as curate 
to Rev. Daniel Maynadier, whom he succeeded as Rector of St Peter's 
Parish. No one could gainsay the learning and piety of this young man, and 
well might he have been honored with the Chaplaincy to Lord Baltimore, 
being in the advance guard of the religious, moral and learned men of the 


Eev. Dr. Bacon marrieJ a daii2fhter of Col. Thomas Bozman and lived at 
Oxford, from thence removed near to the present Choptank bridge, four miles 
from Easton, and before his final change of residence to Frederick county, at 
head of Wye, near Hindman's landing. It was Rev. Mr. Bacon's scientific 
knowledge of music and his wonder working powers on the violincello for 
Gregorian Chants and Church melodies, that gave so much prop and stay to 
Church principles and Church sentiment over many years of sound and elo- 
quent teaching in all the humility of a Christian. He was sent to his special 
work in the Colony by the Rt Rev. Father in God, Thomas, Lord Bishop of 
Sodor and Man. All Maryland owes a debt of gratitude to this learned 
canonist of his day; the auttfor of a valuable body of Laws of Maryland, and 
of sermons on social and educational reform. 

Of the chapel at Oxford there is no longer a vestige, and the site even is 
unknown. A lot outside the town limits was given in 1852 by a pious 
member of the Chamberlaine family, and large sums of money collected by 
the Tilghman family and others towards the erection of a church thereon. 
Owing to the failure of funds to complete the church according to the large 
plan given beyond the stone walls, the Rector, Rev. Mr. Walker, and the 
Vestry, with the approval of the Bishop of the Diocese, have decided to 
abandon the stone structure, to sell the ground for burial lots and to erect a 
frame chapel in the town. 

Could the site of the former chapel be discovered, the present one would 
doubtless occupy it, and it Avould delight the hearts of Mr. Chamberlaine's 
descendants to apply a portion of his great wealth in aid of so noble a work 
and above all, to make this church a memorial of their distinguished ances- 
tor. Unfortunately for them and for the Church, Mr. Chamberlaine's vast 
fortune has been subjected to so many divisions and sub-divisions, as not to 
admit of this loving testimony from his children's children. Mr. and Mrs. 
Chamberlaine resided at Oxford for several years, removing to " Plaindealing" 
in 1735, where Mrs. Chamberlaine died on March 29th, 1748, in the 38th 
year of her age, leaving four sons and three daughters. A portrait of Mrs. 
Henrietta Maria Lloyd Chamberlaine, given to her daughter, Mrs; Richard 
Earle, of Queen Anne's county, Md., is now in the possession of her great 
granddaughter, Mrs. Dr. Joseph Chamberlaine of Easton, and a memorial 
ring in black enamel, with her name and date of death, is claimed by her 
namesake in the Chamberlaine family of Oxford, Md. 

We are told in the following incident, that her daughter, Mrs. William 
Nicols, was presented with "a set of silver," and "another valuable gift.'^ 
One morning on entering the breakfast room at " Plaindealing," the two 
sisters, Ann and Henrietfci, were surprised to see sqated on one of the dressers 
(that nearest the laundry) a good, cheerful faced negro boy. In one hand he 
held a coffee urn, in the other a teapot, and tea caddy, cream jug and waiters 
tied about his waist and in his lap, weighed down the little fellow, who 
rejoiced in the name of "Mahomet." He being fresh from the Gold Coast, 


had no donbt known glittering metals, and he must in the dignified way of 
the better sort of his people, hare looked down from his perch on the dresser 
with the air of one who had seen much finer things in his day. ^^ Is the 
silver mine ? " asked Ann of her father, no longer able to restrain her impa- 
patience. " No," replied the Honorable member of the Proprietary's Council, 
" it is Henrietca's," but ten to one he really said " HennyV' iiot Etta, nor 
Nettie, nor any such new fangled invention for an honest Christian name. 

In right of this same Henrietta, who married Mr. William Nicols, a son 
of Bev. Henry Nicols of St. MichaeVs, her great grandchildren, Mrs. Hen- 
rietta Maria May, (relict of Hon. Henry May, of Baltimore,) nee De Courcy, 
Dr. William H. De Courcy of Queen Anne's county and the children of their 
brother Notley De Courcy, (who married Miss Nannie Paca, and died in 1859,) 
hold this service, and other memorials marked with the crest and name of 
Samuel Chamberlaine. Mrs. Earle, ( Ann Ghamberlaine, ) also received valu- 
able presents from her wealthy father, and by the intermarriage of her son 
Samuel C. Earle, with his cousio, Henrietta Maria Nicols, several silver 
waiters and other articles of value, passed into the hands of Mr. Turbutt 
Harris, their daughter Maria Earle having married a gentlemaii of that name. 
Mr. Harris died without children, leaving his property (including the silver) 
to his sister Miss Sallie Harris, who died in April, 1880, and by whose last 
will and testament her heir, Mr. S. Teackle Wallis, of Baltimore, becomes the 
possessor of the Chamberlaine heirlooms. 

Mahomet was about eight or ten years of age when purchased out of the 
Guinea Ship at Oxford, and carried over to " Plaindealing," where he lived 
until 1772, when he was taken to " Bonfield." He married Asia, a Moor, 
and the daughter of an African Queen. In 1811, Mahomet and Asia were 
taken to " Richmond Hill," the residence of Mr. Henry Ghamberlaine, in 
Cecil county, and were there until 1830, when Mahomet returned to his old 
home at " Bonfield," dying soon affcer in sheer joy at seeing the Old Home- 
stead. He was nearly a century old and had always been a most respectable 
and respected servant in the family, as was also Asia his wife. Their daughter 
Margaret Boy, was the devoted slave of the " Clora's Point " Chamberlaines. 
She had very regular features and straight hair and was called "Mammy" 
to the day of her death in 1859. She lived to a great age and was tenderly 
cared for by the family whom she so loved. 

"Died on April 30th, 17 ?3, Samuel Chamberlaine of Cheshire, England, 
late of ' Plaindealing,' in Talbot county, Maryland." In the family burial 
ground at " Plaindealing/' two large marble slabs denote the graves of Hen- 
rietta Maria (Lloyd) Chamberlaine and her son Thomas, who died in 1768. 
The names and Chamberlaine arms were distinctly visible in 1880 on these 
memorials of honored ancestors. There is " neither storied urn nor animated 
bust" in memory of the distinguished head of the family, and the omission 
gave rise to a ghost story, which was "too strange to be true," though it 


caused considerable s?nsatioii throaghout the county. *f Plaindealing " Was 
devised to Thomas Chamberlaine, Jr., and at his death in 1789, to his half 
brother Egbert Lloyd Nicols. Mr. Nicols died without heirs, and his 
executors sold the property to Mr. Loockerman, whose brother married a Miss 
. Maria Martin, niec3 of Mr. Nicols. In 1855 it was again sold and purchased by 
Captain Hardcastle, who has modernized the Mansion House. Bejng left in the 
hands of tenants for many years, 

*^Decay'g effacing fingers 
Have swept the lines where beauty lingers," 

and While the upper rooms were unsafe to walk orer, there was only the 
wainscOating, and the elaborately carved beaufets (set in the wall,) to record 
th3 tastQ and refinement of the first proprietor. 

The portraits of Hon. Samuel Chamberlaine, of Cheshire, in 1714, and of 
*' PlaindeMing," in 1772, with those of his two wives, Mary Ungle and Hen- 
rietta Mark Lloyd, are carefully preserved in the home of Dr. Chamberlaine, 
in Easton. There are two of Mr. Chamberlaine, one supposed to be painted 
in England at the time of his first marriage and visit to his father, and the 
other at a lateir period in America. These were removed from " Bonfield " in 


There was special mention made of the death of Mr. Chamberlaine by 
" The Maryland Gazette,** at Annapolis, also in the leading newspapers of 
New York and ^Philadelphia. He was well known in connection with the 
movements during the French and Indian War of 1736, corresponding with 
prominent men all over the country, and it is " a bitter biting fact^" that the 
papers, including the correspondence, with political comments and specula- 
tion so carefully filed in the accurate way of every well trained merchant, 
were left in the garret or scattered from the upper rooms of the " Plain- 
dealing'* Mansion. Mr. Chamberlaine was consulted upon every matter 
of general interest in the colony, and the letters addressed to him, endorsed in 
his merchant's way, were thus a repository of Maryland History. He was one of 
the wealthy leading men who aided that able Canonist, Bev. Thomas Bacon, 
in publishing his celebrated Laws of Maryland, and in his death both Church 
and State lost a most valuable and influential member. 

Mrs. Chamberlaine died on March 29th, 1748, and was buried at ^' Plain- 
dealing." Her Christian name, " Henrietta Maria," was derived from that 
of the Queen of the unfortunate Charles I, of England, and has been for 
more than two centuries a favorite one in every family descended from Captain 
and Madame Anna Neale, who were in the service of the King and Queen, 
and the maternal grandparents of Mrs. Chamberlaine's father, James Lloyd. 
The children of Samuel and Henrietta Maria Lloyd Chamberlaine, were : 
Thomas, James Lloyd, Samuel, Henrietta Maria, Eichard Lloyd, who died at 
an earlv aore, and Ann Chamberlaine. 



Edward Lloyd, the first of the name in Maryland, came from Virginia 
with Leonard Strong and others, about 1650, and settled at Greenbury Point,' 
near Annapolis — "He was a Puritan, and compelled to quit Virginia because 
of his non-conformity. — They were not invited into Maryland, only received 
and protected." 

Edward Lloyd was a gentleman of conspicuous ability, and was commis- 
sioned in July, 1650, by Governor Stone, Commander of Anne Arundel 
county, then recently erected and named after the beautiful wife of Cecilius, 
Lord Baltimore. 

Mr. Lloyd was for many years the Privy Counsellor of Maryland, and mar- 
ried a Miss Crouch, whose Christian name, "Alice," like that of " Henrietta 
Maria," has descended iu every generation of the Lloyd family, and in all 
cognate branches. On the death of his wife, who left one son, Philemon, Mr. 
Lloyd returned to England (in 1668), and married a Mrs. Grace Buckerfleld, 
and resided in London until his death. In his will, dated May 11th, 1695, 
he styles himself " Edward Lloyd, of the Parish of Saint Mary, White Chap- 
pel, in the County of Middlesex, merchant, and late a planter in Maryland." 
lie devised "Wye House" to his grandson, Edward, eldest son of Philemon 
and hia wife Henrietta Maria Neale Lloyd, and this homestead on Wye River, 
in Talbot county, Maryland, has descended from father to son for more than 
two centuries. The present proprietor, the sixth of the name, is enabled by 
his great wealth to retain in his ancestral homo somewhat of its former style 
and luxuriousness. 

Lloyd Insula, or Wye Island belonged to Mr. Lloyd, and was an eligible 
point for business, when he ceased to be Commander of the Puritan settle- 
ment on Severn, called Providence, and when ho first came to the waters of 
the Wye, he was no doubt conveniently looated on this island. 

Philemoi?' Lloyd, only son of Edward and Alice Crouch Lloyd (born 
1647, died March 19, 1685,) was ^ member of the Maryland Legislature in 
1671-1674, and married Mrs. Henrietta Maria Neale Bennett, widow/ 
of Eichard Bennett, who was drowned in early manhood, leaving two chil- 
dren, viz: Richard Bennett, (the rich merchant of Bennett's Point, who 
married Miss Elizabeth Eousby, and died without children,) and Elizabeth 
Bennett, who married a Mr. Darnell, or Lowe. Richard Bennett's father was 
associated with Edward Lloyd and William Claiborne, under the commis- 
sion from Cromwell for reducing Maryland and Virginia to their obedience. 

Mrs. Philman Lloyd was the daughter of Captain James Neale and his 
wife Anna Neale and her christian name was immediately derived from that 
of the Queen of England, the wife of the unfortunate Charles I., and has been 
for two hundred years a favorite one in the family. It is usual to follow tra- 


dition and fancy Madam Neale of some high and noble family in England, 
because she was in the service of her majesty Queen Henrietta Maria, and said 
to be "one of her maids of honor." She was indeed an estimable and sensible 
woman, and much about the court of Charles L, where her husband, an 
early Maryland business man of repute, took her after their marriage, and it 
is not to her discredit that she was an American by birth, and a daughter of 
Benjamin Gynne, (or Gill,) a planter of Charles county, Md., where Captain 
JTeale became acquainted with and married her. On his return to England, 
Captain Neale was sent by the King and Duke of York on a secret mission to 
Spain. The relations of a political nature shown by this agency, were such 
as to bring him into personal friendship with the King, and Mrs. Neale, 
through her husband's influence, into the service of the Queen, and also 
warranted their asking and having the presence of her Majesty (by proxy) 
at the baptism of their eldest daughter, whom they were permitted to name 
"Henrietta Maria " in honor of her royal sponsor. 

After the martyrdom of the King in 1648, Captain Neale brought hig 
family to Maryland, and purchased a large tract of land in Charles county, 
with the Spanish Coins known as " Cob dollars," thus originating the name 
of Cob Neck where he settled. In Eev. Thomas Bacon's "Laws of Mary* 
land," is the Act of 1666, for naturalizing the children (four) of James and 
Anna Neale, as they were " all born in Spain." Among the many heirlooms 
in the Lloyd-Tilgliraan-Goldsborough family of "Otwell" (all in descent 
from Captain and Madame Neale), may be seen a large ring containing a 
miniature likeness of Charles I. and a pendant from a necklace, "oval in 
form, set in brilliants and pearl, and encircling a figure of the Blessed Virgin 
standing under a crown on a crescent supported by the head of a cherub, and 
is supposed to be a representation of the Assumption." 

James and Anthoky, sons of Captain and Anna Neale, settled on the 
Western shore of Maryland, and among their descendants the most distin- 
guished is the late Archbishop Neale, born in 1746. Dorothy, their youngest 
daughter, married a Mr. Taney, and from them may be traced the family of 
Hon. Roger B. Taney. Henrietta Maria, the eldest daughter of Captain 
and Anna Neale, survived her second husband, Colonel Philemon Lloyd, and 
died at "Wye House," on May 4th, 1697. Of her ten children by Colonel Lloyd, 
but six survived her, viz: Edward, who married Miss Sarah Covington; 
Philemon, who married Mrs. Freeman ; Henrietta Maria, who married Mr. 
Blake; Margaret, who married Matthew Tilghman Ward; James, who mar- 
ried "the beautiful Ann Grundy," and Anna Maria Lloyd, who married 
Bichard Tilghman. 

In the family burial place at " Wye House," is a tombstone, commemora- 
tive of the virtues of Henrietta Maria Neale Bennett Lloyd, "modelled after 
New Testament Women," all broken and crushed by sudden blows. 
This apparent sacrilege was committed in the heat of excitement by two boys, 




(albeit her descendants,) in their search for a rabbit seeking shelter under 
the marble slab. The secret came out a few years back. 

Any one who pleases can draw a moral from the life of this exemplary 
woman, whose Protestant Church of England husband, Philemon Lloyd, and 
Puritan father-in-law, both give her the highest meed of praise. She was 
born in Spain, though of Eoman Catholic Maryland parentage, and brought 
from that country old fashioned morals and manners adding force to Christian 

Colonel Philemon Lloyd died on June 2nd, 1685, and his will referring 
to his desire to have his children trained up in the Protestant Church, has a 
special codicil, disclaiming the idea that in so doing, he had any design to 
reflect on the life and character of one so pure and single hearted as his wife. 
The truth is, that she threw over the Eopian Catholic priests, the protection 
of her long social standing in Maryland, on both shores, and no Archbishop 
of New York, even with the aid of a Cardinal's hat, could have been more of a 
stay and prop to American Catholicism than this estimable woman. Th« Wes- 
tern Church of Rome has traditions for the doctrine of " prayers for the dead," 
and whatever Protestants might think of the dogma, there would at least be a 
poetry and justice in that devotional act of respect and veneration for this, 
our pious ancestress. 

In consideration of the zeal of this "defender of the faith," the Pope 
might justly order an annual Requiem Mass in favor of Henrietta Maria 
Neale Lloyd, though widow of a Puritan, Richard Bennett, and relict of 
Philemon Lloyd, another Protestant, whose earnestness of life in all his 
private and public relations is the best of records. This " loving friend " of 
William Leeds (who came to Chesapeake Bay waters, prior to the Maryland 
Charter of 1632), was the executor of his will. 

Philemon", son of Philemon and Henrietta Maria Lloyd, born 1672, died 
1732, married a Mrs. Freeman, of Annapolis, and had one daughter, Henri- 
etta Maria, who married Samuel Chew, and had children, viz: Samuel Chew, 
of Herring Bay; Henrietta Maria Chew, who married Mr. Edward Dorsey; 
Philemon Lloyd, (whose twin brother Bennett, married Anna Maria Tilgh- 
man, and died without children); Margaret Chew "(who married John Beale 
Bordley, and had children, viz : Thomas, Henrietta Maria and John Bordley,) 
and Mary Chew, who first married William Paca, Signer of the Declaration 
of Independence, and had one son John Paca, and secondly, Daniel Dulaney. 
Hejtrietta Lloyd, daughter of Colonel Philemon and Henrietta Maria 
Neale Lloyd, married Henry Blake and had children, viz: John Sawyer 
Blake, of **Wye." Henrietta Maria, who married a Mr. Stringfellow. Dorothy, 
who married Dr. Charles Carroll, and had a son, Charles Carroll, barrister, 
and Philemon Blake, of Chestertown. 

Anna Maria, daughter of Colonel Philemon and Henrietta Maria Neale 
Lloyd, married Richard Tilghman of "The Hermitage" in Queen Anne's 
county, and bad children, viz : Mary, who married James Earle, (and whose 


son, Richard Tilghman Earle, married Ann Chamberlaine of "Phiiodealing,") 
Henrietta Maria, who married Mr. George Robins, of " Peach Blossom," near 
Easton; Richard, who married Susannah Frisby; William, who married 
Margaret, daughter of James and Ann Grundy Llojd ; Edward, who married 
Ann Turbutt, and Elizabeth Chew of Dover, Delaware; James, who married 
Anna Francis; Matthew, (who married Anna Maria Lloyd, and whose 
daughter, Anna Maria, married Colonel Tench Tilghman, Washington's aid- 
de-camp, and died at Plimhimmon in 1843,) and Anna Maria Tilghman, 
who married twice, first, William Hemsley and secondly Colonel Robert 

Philemo^^ Hemsley, son of Anna Maria (Tilghman,) and William Hems- 
ley, married three times. By his second wife, Miss Sarah Williamson, ho 
haJ children, viz: Philemon, who married Elizabeth Lloyd, and had two 
children, viz: Maria Lloyd, who married Mr. William H. Tilghman, of 
"Hope," and William Hemsley, who married in 1833, Miss Margaret 
McMechen, of Baltimore, and whose daughter, Ellen Armistead Hemsley, 
married in February, 1860, John Johnson, son of John Johnson, last Chan- 
cellor of Maryland, and had children, viz: John, Margaret McMechen, Ernest 
Hemsley, Richard Pleasants and Mary Tyler Johnson. Mary, who married 
Joseph Formaa; Sarah, (who married Dr. John Irvine Troup, a nephew of 
Harry Nicols, of Darley, and had children, viz: Henry, Ile::rietta Maria and 
Mary Troup,) and Ann Hemsley, who married Gen. Thomas Emory, of Queen 
Anne's county. 

James Lloyd, son of Colonefl Philemon and Henrietta Marie Neale Lloyd, 
(born on March 7, 1680, died on September 27, 1723,) married on January 
12, 1709, the beautiful Ann Grundy, (born April 25, 1680, died 1731,) and 
lived at " Hope." Their children were Robert, born in 1712, who married 
Annie Marie IIem3ley ; Margaret, born in 1715, who married William Tilgh- 
man, of "Groces;" Deborah, born 1719, who married Jeremiah Nicols, son 
of Rev. Henry Nicols of St. Michael's, and had two sons, viz : Robert Lloyd 
Nicols, who married Mrs. Susannah Chamberlaine, nee Robins, and Jere- 
miah Nicols, who married Anna Maria, daughter of Richard and Ann Crouch 
Llqyd, and granddaughter of Edward and Sarah Covington Lloyd. James, 
born in 1717, lived at Parson's Landing and married Elizabeth Frisby and 
had four children, viz: Thomas, who married ■■■■■ and had three sons, 

viz: James, Edward and Henry Lloyd, who married Miss and whose 

widow married a Mr. Hanson Smith. Sarah, who married Mr. John Dick- 
inson, and had two children, viz: John P. and Laurana Dickinson, who 
mairied September 1823, Mr. Thomas Martin. Mr. Dickinson died in 18 — 
and his widow married a Mr. Stephen liegner. Their daughter Sarah, mar- 
ried Mr. Downs of Caroline county. Debcrah, daughter of James and 
Elizabeth Frisby Lloyd, married April 4th, 1811 (as his third wife) Mr. 
Edward Martin of Easton and had children, viz : James Lloyd, who married 
in 18 — Miss Ellen Francis Thomas, daughter of Dr. Tristram Thomas, and 


his third wife, Maria Francis, daughter of Philip and Henrietta Maria Golds- 
borough Francis, and had a daughter Henrietta Maria, who married in 1867 
Richard Goldsborough, son of James N". Goldsborough and his wife Mary 
Emmett Kennedy, and died in 187-, leaving one son Francis Golds- 
borough, Harriet Martin, who married in 1841, Dr. William Hemsley, (his 
second wife,) and had children, Edward, Maria, William, Anna and Hen- 
rietta Maria Lloyd Martin, who married I.Ir. John Martin, son of Mr. Ennals 
Martin, and died in 1869. 

Robert Grundy, son of James and Elizabeth Frisby Lloyd, married Miss 
Mary Ruth, lived at Trappe, and had ten children, viz: Robert N., James P., 
Thomas E., Sarah Jane, Philemon, Frisby, Montgomery, Francis, and Chris- 
topher Columbus Lloyd. 

Henrietta Maria Lloyd, born 1710, eldest daughter of James and 
Ann Grundy Lloyd, married January 22nd, 1729, Samuel Chamberlaine, who 
was born at "Saughall," in Cheshire, England, on May 16th, 1697, came to 
Oxford in 1714, and died at " Plaindealing," on April 11th, 1773. 

Edward Lloyd, born 1670, was the eldest son of Philemon and Henri- 
etta Maria Neale Bennett Lloyd, and a member of the Legislature of Mary- 
land, in 1699 and 1702, and Governor of Maryland from 17 He 

married on February 1st, 1703, Miss Sarah Covington, of Somerset county, 

Miss Covington was born of Quaker parentage, in 1684, and the history 
of her courtship at the age of sixteen years, forms an interesting tradition in 
the family. " In the year 1700, a Yearly meeting of the Quakers was held 
in Talbot Court House, (now Easton,) and on the eve of the First day, a 
bsautiful young girl was seen approaching the town on horseback, seated on 
a pillion behind her father, and on her way to some hospitable homestead 
near the grounds of Pitt's Bridge. Near a creek beyond this bridge was a 
meeting house built by the Quakers, where crowds of earnest listeners often 
assembled to learn words of wisdom from George Fox, who, with John Bun- 
geat and others, opened the way for the refinement of logical thought, so as 
to bring not a few continent Eoman Catholics of the English and Scotch 
school, in sympathy with Barclay and Penn. This Yearly meeting was the 
centre of attraction for all classes and sects, and even English Catholics and 
Eomanists were drawn thither " to hear some new thing.*' It is not to be 
supposed that Edward and Philemon Lloyd, the grandsons of the Puritan 
immigrant, could miss so stirring and ("tell it not in Gath,'*) so fashionable 
a scene as Yearly meeting. 

Peering up from under the prim bon/et of that day, or possibly 
only half hidden by the folds of her kerchief, mingling coquettishly 
with the locks curling, against all her e^orts to keep her hair " flat as a 
flounder," were the brightest eyes set in fie sweetest face, and traditionally 
still, the handsomest on the Eastern slTore, from the Penn line to that yet 
mooted locality, Watkins' Point. Philemon Lloyd, just then by his father's 


death, master of himself, made up his mind that so marked a woman should 
be his wife. The meeting over, he quietly took horse and made his way to 
the fair maiden's hom2 in Somerset county. On reaching Miss Covington's 
door, to his distress and dismay he saw the well known " turn out" of his 
brother Edward, with acoutrements for special gala days. The two brothers 
thus rivals and far from homo, had to adjust the difficulty as best they could, 
and here was a knot in need of strong help and must be untied at once. 
Philemon (the younger,) proposed, "that whoever saw her first, should be the 
first to offer his heart and hand. The moment I took my scat in the meet- 
ing house and looked round, this young girl's face was singled out of all 
there." "By your own proposition, Phil, the first offer is mine, for I 
stayed the night before the meeting began, at * Peach Blossom,' with 
Mr. Eobins, and at the foot of the hill turning into the gate at the 
water-mill, I saw a young girl on a pillion behind her father, and heard 
them ask the way to the meeting-houso. My purpose was then fixed to make 
her my wife, if her mind and character were like her face." 

Of course there was nothing more to be said or don?, and Philemon yield- 
ing the point, Miss Sarah Covington became Mrs. Edward Lloyd and mistress 
of "Wye House.'' 

Governor Lloyd died on March 20th, 1719. A plain gold ring bearing 
this name and date is in the possession of the Tilghman-Goldsborough family 
of "Otwell." 

On May 3rd, 1721, Mrs. Sarah Lloyd married Mr. James Hollyday of 
Queen Anne's county. A portrait of this lady, and a mourning ring with 
her name and date of death inscribed, are in the possession of her Ilollyday- 
Chamberlaine grandchildren. 

In 1754 Mrs. Hollyday left Maryland to visit her daughter, Mrs. 
Anderson, in London, where she died on April 4th, 1755. 

The following tribute to her memory is engraved on her mouument in the 
churchyard at West Ham, County Essex. 




The children of Edward and Sarah Covington Lloyd, were Edward, who 
married Ann Eousby ; Kebetca Covington, who married William Anderson, 
aid Eichard Lloyd, who married Ann Crouch. 


Edwabd, eldest son of Edward aud Sarah Covington Lloyd, born May 
8th, 1711, died January 27th, 1770, was a member of the Maryland Legisla- 
ture in the session of 1739, He married March 26th, 1739, Ann Rousby, of 
Patuxent, and had four children, viz: Elizabeth, born January 10th, 17^12, 
who married General Cadwalader ; Henriett.i Maria, born January 28th, 1746 ; 
Edward, who married Miss Elizabeth Tuj-lcc; and Richard Bennett Lloyd, 
born August 13th, 1750, who went to England in 1770, and bocame a captain 
in the King's Life Guards, and married Miss Joanna Leigh (of theMsle of 
Wight), a lady celebrated for her great beauty. A large old fashioned locket 
containing the miniature portraits of Captain and Mrs. Lloyd, set in pearls is 
carefully treasured by their great nephew, Mr. B. 0. Jiowndes, of " Blenheim." 
There is a portrait of Captain Lloyd, at " Wye House," and from a letter found 
among papers in the Hollyday homestead, we learn that Charles Wilson Peale 
was the artist. In this letter, written to his brother. Captain Lloyd says, " Mr. 
Peale finished my picture this morning, November 22, 1775. . My wife, Mrs. 
Tayloe and others, say it is like me. If it is, I do not know mys?l f, though I thin k 
it a good picture.'' We learn from other letters, that Captain and Mrs. Lloyd 
spent the first years of their married life in Maryland. Mrs. Lloyd returned 
to England in 17 — , and Captain Lloyd died in 1787, and was buried at 

"Wye House." Mrs. Lloyd married again, , and lived on her estate in 

the Isle of Wight. Edward Lloyd, eldest son of Captain and Mrs. Richard 

Bennett Lloyd, married : , and settled in Virginia, near Alexandria, 

and left many descendants. 

Edwabd Lloyd, son of Edward and Ann Rousby Lloyd, born on Decem- 
ber 15th, 1744, died July 8th 1776, married November 19th, 1767, Elizabeth 
Tayloe (of "Mount Airy," in Virginia), who was born 1750, died 1825, and 
had seven children, viz: Ann, born in 1769, died 1840, who married Richard 
Tasker Lowndes, of "Bostic Houso," Prince George's county, and had chil- 
dren — Elizabeth Lloyd Lowndes, who married in 18 — , Rev. William Pink- 
ney, now Bishop of Maryland, and Benjamin Ogle Lowndes, of " Blenheim ;" 
Rebecca Lloyd, who married in 1793, (diedl848;) Hon. Joseph Hopper Nichol- 
son, born in 1770, died in 1817; Elizabeth Lloyd, born 1774, died 1849, (mar- 
ried in 1805, Henry Hall Harwood of Annapolis) ; Eleanor, born 1776, mar- 
ried Charles Lowndes, brother of Richard Tasker Lowndes, and had children, 
viz: Charles Lowndes (who married, May 4th, 1824, Miss Sally Scott Lloyd, who 
died in March, 1880,) and Elizabeth Ann Lowndes, who married Horace Leeds 
Edmondson, of Easton; Mary Tayloe Lloyd, born 1784, (died 1859,) who mar- 
ried, January 19th, 1802, Francis Scott Key, the author of the " Star Spangled 
Banner," and whose daughter, Elizabeth Phoibe Key, married, November 
9th, 1825, Charles Howard, of Baltimore. Edward Lloyd, only son of 
Edward and Elizabeth Tayloe Lloyd, born in July, 1729, died in June, 1834, 
was Governor of the State of Maryland, in 1809-1811, and married, Novem- 
ber 30th, 1797, Sally Scott Murray, who died May 9th, 1854. Maria Lloyd, 
daughter of Edward and Elizabeth Taylor Lloyd, born at "Wye House," on 


March 11th, 1782, died May 18th, 1859, married Mr. Richard Williams W«st, 
(descended from Lord Delaware,) and lived at "The Wood Yard," in Prince 
George's county, where their four children were bom. The dwelling bouse 
at " The Wood Yard " was built by Colonel Henry Darnall, of English brick, 
and in the shape of the letter L, with forty rooms and seventy-two windows, 
The lawn is shaded by large forest trees, and on each side of the gravel walk 
leading to the house, are box trees, so tall and broad as to conceal a carriage 
and pair. In 1868, this ancestral home was destroyed by fire, the revengeful 
act (it is supposed,) of a domestic in the family. Heirlooms of very descrip- 
tion, plate, furniture, etc., were lost, all, save some family portraits and a few 
pieces of rare old china. The family barely escaped y.ith their lives, saving 
but few articles of clothing in their flight. 

Mrs. Maria West died shortly after the loss of her home. Her daughter, 
Elizabeth Hannah West, married in 1832, Rev. J. Loring Woart, of Boston, 
and had one son, Richard AVest Woart. Mr. and Mrs. Woart were lost at sea, 
in 1838, while coming from Charleston to Baltimore in the ill-fated steamer 
Pulaski. Mary Lloyd West, youngest daughter of Mrs. Maria West, married 
in 18 — , Dr. John Burr Hereford, of Alexandria, Virginia, who died in 1868, 
and left one son, Richard West Hereford, who, with his mother resides at 
'* The Wood Yard." Mrs. Hereford's eldest brother, Richard Henry West, 
married a Miss Hayes, and died, leaving a daughter, Marie Lloyd West, since 
dead, and Edward Lloyd West, her youngest brother, married in 1840, Lucy 
Gushing of Massachusetts, and had children, viz : Edward Lloyd, born January 
2n(l,1842, diedFebruary 22nd, 1862, at Culpeper Court House, Virginia; Lucy 
Gushing, who died in IS — ; Charles Cushing West, and Frank K. West M. D., 
in 1880 a resident of Baltimore city. 

Rebecca Covington Lloyd, only daughter of E.lwarJ and Sarah Cov- 
ington Lloyd, married a rich London merchant by the name of Anderson, 
and went to England, where their five children were born. These, on the 
death of their parents and grandmother, returned to Maryland, where (having 
lost the vast wealth accumulated by their father,) they were entirely depend- 
ant for support on their mother's relatives. Their uncles, Edward and 
Richard Lloyd were "very kind" to them, but they were indebted to their 
HoUyday relatives for the comforts of a home at "Ratcliffe Manor." Sally, 
the youngest sister, died unmarried, and Mary or Mazey, married a Mr. Hind- 
roan, and dieJ in early life. "Aunt Harriet, the eldest of the Anderson 
sisters, made her homa for many years with her cousin Mrs. Samuel Chamber- 
laine, (nee Hollyday,) at " Bonfield," where, long after she left the place, her 
bed-room there was called " Miss Harriet's room." Near the close of her 
life, (one of many privations,) through the loving gratitude of a former 
dependent in her fathers family, she came into possession of a large sum of 
money, which enabled her to buy a farm near her Gale relatives in Cecil 
county, about two miles from Perry ville. This farm, called " Brookland," she 
devised to her maiden cousins of the Gale family, who in 1845 erected a neat 


little chapel on the lot on which she was buried. This chapel called St 
•Mark's, had for its first Kector, Rev. Bichard Whittingham, only brother of 
the Bishop of Maryland. 

William Anderson, Aunt Harriet's eldest brother, married a Miss y 

a French lady, and her youngest brother, James Anderson, married Miss 
Meliora Ogle, daughter of Samuel and Ann Tusker Ogle, and removed 
to Washington county, Md. Their daughter, Bebecca Anderson, mar- 
ried Hon. Thomas Buchanan, Associate Judge of Maryland, and were 
the parents of Mrs. Steele of Cambridge, Md., and of Mrs. McPherson 
of Frederick county; also of the late Mrs. Meliora Dall, who died 
in April 1879, aged eighty years, leaving many children, grandchildren 
and friends to mourn her loss. There is a portrait of Bebecca Anderson 
Buchanan in this family, and Mrs. McPherson at " Catoctin," has several 
heirlooms in silver engraved with the Anderson Arms. A few years ago one 
of these family relics was the means of introduction to their HoUyday rela- 
tives of Queen Anne's county. A member of the " Eeadbourne " family, a guest 
at "Auburn, " was surprised on entering the dining-room to see on a hand- 
some flagon the familiar shield and armorial bearings of the Anderson 
Arms — "just like that at home." "How did you come by that?" washer 
eager question to her hostess, whose reply that "It belonged to my great aunt 
and namesake Miss Harriet Anderson," called for a greater and longer explan- 
ation, which ended in positive evidence that Mrs. McPhcrs^ n's right and 
title to the escutcheon, was greater than that of the HoUydays. Each could 
claim Mrs. Sarah Covington Lloyd, as a great great grandmother, but one 
only could call Mrs. Bebecca Lloyd Anderson grandmother. 

The wife of Pit. Bev. Bobert H. Clarkson, Bishop of Nebraska, as Miss 
Meliora McPherson, must not be left out of this genesis, she being a grand- 
daughter of Bebecca Anderson Buchanan. 

Bichard Lloyd, son of Edward and Sarah Covington Lloyd, born 
March 19, 1717, married Ann Crouch, and had two children, viz: Anna 
Maria, who married Jeremiah Nicols, son of Jeremiah and Deborah Lloyd 
Nicols, and Major James Lloyd, who married Eliz.ibeth Tilghman, (daughter 
of Mr. James Tilghman of Chestertown, and granddaughter of Bichard and 
Anna Maria Lloyd Tilghman,) and lived at "Farley," What of fortune 
Major Lloyd had, was wasted in hospitable living, and being compelled to 
part with his homestead, the closing years of his life were spent with his 
relatives in Talbot county, where he died at the residence of Mr. Hollyday 
in 18—. He was promoted to the rank of General in the War of 1812, and 
in the list of Maryland Senators from the Eastern Shore, acted as volun- 
teer aid to General Green at the Battle of (^^rmantown. General Lloyd 
was a frequent guest at "Bonfield," the home /.f the Chamberlaine brothers, 
and they owed a great deal to these years o'* friendly intercourse with this 
rather fiery and hotheaded relative, whose » temper was not rendered more 
amiable by the loss of his fortune, and vaifi attempts to better his condition 





by a marriage with his wealthy cousin, the widow of Gen. Tench Tilghman 
of Plimhimmon. He never forgave her rejection of his suit, and though he 
was not wanting in valor, and could walk up and fire at his opponent Gov- 
ernor Eobert Wright, without flinching, it was entirely beyond his philoso- 
phy to face the woman who had wounded his personal vanity, and on one 
occasion was rude enough to turn his back on this lady, and refuse to assist 
her from her carriage." In his extravagant love. of music, he found a con- 
genial spirit at "Bonfield," forming, perhaps, a stronger bond than the 
relationship between him and his cousins there. General Lloyd excelled as 
a flutist, (though his performance was somewhat marred by the injury he 
received in his shoulder in the duel with Gov. Wright,) as did his cousin, the 
elder, at "Bonfield,'' on the violin, and in such society, "Time flew on his 
swiftest wings'' to them, and to all who listened to such exquisite strains 
drawn from the flute and cremona. 

The only children of General Lloyd, and his wife, Elizabeth Tilghman, 
were twins, Maria and Elizabeth. Maria married William Helmsley, and 
Elizabeth married Philemon Hemsley, both sons of William and Anna Maria 
Tilghman Helmsley, of "Cloverfields." William and Maria Hemsley resided at 
" Hopton," where Mrs. Hemsley died soon after her marriage. Philemon and 
Elizabeth Lloyd Hemsley, lived at " Wye Mills," where were born her two 
children, viz : Maria Lloyd, who married Mr. William H. Tilghman, of 
Hope, and died in 1852, and William Hemsley, M. D., who married ill 1832, 
Margaret McMechen, of Baltimore, and had a daughter, Ellen x^rmistead, 
who married in 1860, February — , Mr. John Johnson, and has five children, 
viz: John Johnson, born in July, 1862; Margaret McMechen, born 1865; 
Ernest Hemsley, born 1868 ; Richard Pleasants, born 1871, and Mary Tyler 
Johnson, born September 13th 1878. 









DIED THE 22nd OF JUNE, 1685, IN 

No more than this the Father says, 
But leaves his life to speak his praise. 





THE 27tH OP JANUARY, 1770. 















PARTED THIS LIFE 19th march, 1732, 
IN THE 60th year OF HIS AGE. 

1769 AGED 48 



Thomas, eldest son of Samuel and Henrietta Maria Lloyd Ohamberlaine, 
was born at Oxford on May 25th, 1731. His education was supervised by 
fehe learned Thomas Bacon, Kector of St. Peter's parish. Under such train- 
ing, in addition to the home- discipline and influence, a character was formed 
that won for him the lore and esteem of the whole community. His father 
intended him for the bar, but his inclinations led his attention to commerce, 
thus qualifying him on the resignation of his father, to fill the position so 
long held by him, as Deputy Naval Officer, and Collector of the Port of 
Oxford. Mr. Ohamberlaine married on October 1st, 1761, Miss Susannah 
Bobins, of " Peach Blossom," his third cousin. They lived with his father at 
" Plaindealing," and at this homestead, this intelligent, accomplished and 
christian gentleman, breathed his last on May 13th, 1764, leaving one son, 
Thomas, who was born on December 20th, 1762. Among the family relics 
there is a large finger ring in the form of connected scrolls with the name, 
age, and date of decease of " Thomas Ohamberlaine," in white enamel, also a 
portrait, now in the keeping of Dr. Ohamberlaine of Easton. In 1750, his 
grandfather, of " Saughall," sent him a copy of " Wood's Institute of Civil 
Law." This book falling into the hands of his nephew, Hon. Kichard T. 
Earle, was sold by him in 1801, to Mr. J. Leeds Bozman, and by him devised 
to his nephew, John Bozman Kerr. 

It is said that Mrs. Susannah Ohamberlaine for seven years after the death 
of her husband, remained in her chamber at " Plaindealing," from a window of 
which overlooking the burial ground, she could see his tomb, and that, after 
this grievous and solitary mourning, she left it to marry her cousin, Mr. Kobert 
Lloyd Nicols, a man many years her junior, and by whom she had four chil- 
dren, Henrietta Maria, (who married Hon. Eobert Henry Goldsborough, 
the American Chesterfield,) and whose descendants are now living at " Myrtle 
Grove," near Easton ; Susan, who married Hon. Bond Martin, of Cambridge, 
Md., and whose youngest daughter, Mrs. Theodore R Loockerman is still 
living; and one son, E. Lloyd Nicols, who married on December 3rd, 1818, 
Susan GuUey. 

Mrs. Susannah Nicols died in 1815. Her portrait, with her son Thomas 
Ohamberlaine standing at her side, also a beautiful miniature painting of 
him, the work of an English artist, are carefully treasured by her grand- 
children, the Goldsborough's of " Myrtle Grove." 

Thomas, only son of Thomas and Susannah Robins-Chamberlaine, was 
born at "Plaindealing," on December 20th, 1762. At the close of the war 
in 1782, he went to England and stayed the usual term as a law student at 
Middle Temple, London. He there formed a friendship with J. Leeds Boz* 


man, a learned jurist and writer, also historian of Maryland, and with Wil- 
liam Van Murray, the diplomatist, under the administration of Washington 
and Adams. On returning to Maryland, not caring with his large fortune, 
inherited in the " Plaindealing Estate " from his grandfather, Samuel Cham- 
berlaine, to come to the bar, he entered into trade, and with his stepfather, 
Colonel Robert Lloyd Niools, and Mr. David Kerr, made the firm of Nicols, 
Kerr & Ghamberlaine, at Easton, then called Talbot Court House. Inherit- 
ing from his father a delicate constitution he was was soon forced to give up 
business, and by the advice of his physician, Dr. Ennals Martin, went to England 
where he renewed his friendship with his Cheshire relative, Mr. John Gham- 
berlaine. His health not improving there, the climate of the West Indies 
was recommended, but this also failed to effect a cure, and in a few months 
he died of consumption, in the 24th year of his age. He was a baptized 
member of the Church of England, but it is thought that under Dr. Martin's 
influence, his religious feelings inclined to Methodism gome years before his 
death. He left " Plaindealing" and his large fortune, to his half brother, 
Lloyd Nicols, and his executors, Dr. Martin and General Benson took control 
at the homestead place. His uncle, Samuel Ghamberlaine of " Bonfield,'' was 
among the reserved dignified men of his day with ample fortune and not dis- 
posed to ask favors of any one, but especially of these executors, whose reli- 
gious views differed so materially from his own. Henc2 it was that the valu- 
able papers, legal documents, &c., were lost, as they were valueless in the eyes 
of the executors and the heir, Mr. Nicols. Had the eldest son of Mr. Gham- 
berlaine taken possession of these papers as his right in 1811, after the death 
of his father, their collating would have proved a labor of love. But while the 
family pictures were given up, the "mauvais honte" sentiment clung so long 
as Mr. Nicols survived. Mr. Nicols made an unfortunate marriage. 
His vast fortune was soon squandered, and " Plaindealing '* sold, and pur- 
chased by Mr. John Loockerman in 18—. 

James Lloyd, second son of Samuel and Henrietta Maria Lloyd Gham- 
berlaine, was born at Oxford, October 10, 1732. He records his marriage iu 
the following words: "My father having omitted to record my marriage 
with those of my elder and younger brothers, be it known to all the world, 
that on May 16th, 1757, James Lloyd Ghamberlaine was married to Miss 
Henrietta Maria Eobins of * Peach Blossom,' and hope to spend their days in 
as much honor and credit as any of the family." 

Mr. Ghamberlaine took a stirring part in the political movements of the 
Revolution, and was very active in the Conventions at Annapolis in 1775 and 
1776. It is thought that his more than average wealth in his own right and 
that of his wife induced him to make occasional ventures in the purch^e and 
sales on shipments to the West Indies, for "he was given to money making." 
He inherited from his father a plantation on Wye River, and resided there 
until the death of Mrs. Robins in 1771, when they removed to " Peach Blos- 
som," where Mrs. Ghamberlaine died in 1791. Mr. Ghamberlaine's death is 


not recorded, but it is believed that he died and was buried at " Peach 
Blossom." Their portraits taken bj Copley in 1773, are tenderly cared for 
by their great granddaughter, Mrs. Henrietta Maria Spencer, now residing in 
Savannah, Georgia. The ferrotype copies of these portraits made in 1879, are 
good specimeiie of the art, and in them a strong resemblance to those in other 
branches of the family can be distinctly traced. 

Robins, only son of James Lloyd and Henrietta Maria Chamberlaine, was 
born at " Peach Blossom," and twice married, first, to Miss Mary Cruickshanks 
of Philadelphia, who died leaving three children, and later in life to Miss 
Catharine Blake, of Queen Anne's county, Md. He was a well educated man, 
and an accomplished musician, performing most beautifully on the violin. 
His vast fortune, by reckless extravagance, soon dwindled away, and he also 
allowed himself to get into the hands of money lenders, and thence his ruin. 
His love of music led him into the extravagance of importing a Cremona 
violin which cost a thousand dollars. 

This instrument was bought fi-om his executors by his cousin, James Lloyd 
Chamberlaine of " Bonfield," and carefully treasured by his family for many 
years. It was sent to Baltimore for repair, and it is supposed that the work- 
men discovering its value by the exquisite tone, or the name and residence of 
the maker, exchanged it for one of an inferior quality, as the one returned 
was totally unlike that sent away in tone and appearance. Robins Cham- 
berlaine died in the year 1807, and was buried at " Peach Blossom." His 
great niece. Miss Sallie Stokes, has his miniature portrait encased in a 
massive gold frame. 

Henrietta Maria, only daughter of Robins and Mary Cruickshanks 
Chamberlaine, married Dr. Chambers, and had one son, whom she called 
Thomas Hayward, after her relative and kind friend of ** Locust Grove." 
This young man inherited among other family characteristics, a great deal 
of pride, which often led him into trouble, especially after he enlisted in the 
army, but he held his own, and found a warm friend in the writer of this 
sketch. On the death of Dr. Chambers, his widow married Mr. Samuel Tur- 
butt, of an old Maryland family (that of Foster Turbutt), and of highly 
respected gentry folks, but for later generations down and depressed. They 
had two sons whose children live in Easton. 

James Lloyd, son of Robins and Mary C. Chamberlaine, went to Cin- 
cinnati in 18 — , where he married Miss Caroline Moore, and was successful 
as a merchant in the firm of Morsell & Chamberlaine. Their daughter, 
Henrietta Maria Louisa Chamberlaine, married a Dr. Young, and removed to 



George Robins, of Banbury, in Great Britain, born in 15?4, died 1641, 

married , who died in 1618. Their children were Thomas, born in 

1601, died 1667, married Mary Halhed, who died in 1648, and Mary Eyre. 
Their son, George Robins, born 1646, married in 1669, Margaretta Golds- 
borough, (the only daughter of Abraham Howes of county Berks, in England) 
and died in 1677, lies buried at " Peach Blossom," on Tredhaven Creek, near 
Ghoptank River. Their son, Thomas Robins, lv)rn in 1672, died on December 
29th, 1721, married Miss Susannah Vaughan, on February 3rd, 1696, (by Rev. 
Joseph Leech,) and died May 11th, 1718. Their son, George Robins, born 
October 21st, 1697, died December 6th, 1742, married on April 22nd, 1731, 
Miss Henrietta Maria Tilghman, of "The Hermitage," in Queen Anne's 
county, Maryland, and had five children, all born at " Peach Blossom," viz : 
Anna Maria, born 1732, died 1804, married Henry Hollyday of "Ratcliffe 
Manor;" Margaret, born 1734, died 17 — , married 1760, William Hay ward, 
of "Locust Grove;" Henrietta Maria, born 1735, married 1757, James Lloyd 
Chamberlaine of "Plaindealing;" Susannah, born 1738, -died 1805, married 
first. Colonel Thomas Chamberlaine, and second. Colonel Robert Lloyd 




















George Robins came to America, in 1670, and settled in Talbot county, 
Maryland, upon a tract of one thousand acres, called "Job's Content" This 
homestead was subsequently called " Peach Blossom," by his grandson, 
George Robins, who, through his life-long friend, Peter Collinson, the world 
renowned naturalist and botanist, imported among other fruits and flowers, a 
number of peach trees. These were procured from Persia and the East, by 
Mr. Collinson, and introduced by Mr. Robins into ^Talbot county, but the 
peach tree was cultivated in Kent county as early as 1650. 

After her husband's death, Mrs. Robins continued the intercourse and 
friendship with Mr. Collinson, who, in time extended it to her only son, 
Thomas Robins, who was sent to a scliool in London, where he could be 
under the influence of his father's friend and counsellor. Of a lengthy cor- 
respondence in regard to the culture of fruit and flowers, but few letters have 
been preserved. 

The ^ye children of Mr. and Mrs. George Robins were born at " Peach 
Blossom." Thomas, their only son, was, at an early age, sent to a school in 
London, and graduated as a physician, at Edinburgh. On his return home 
he died in 1761, of a bilious fever, at the age of twenty-two years, and was 
buried at " Peach Blossom." His portrait is in the possession of his great 
niece. Miss Susan Robins Gale, also several letters written by him to his 
cousin, James Hollyday, of " Readbourne." His large fortune was divided 
among his four sisters. 

Susannah, daughter of George and Henrietta Maria Robins, was born on 
Juno 10th, 1738, married, October, 1761, Thomas Chamberlaine, of "Plain- 
dealing,'* who died in 1764, leaving one son, Thomas, who died in early man- 
hood. By her second husband, Colonel Robert Lloyd Nicols, she had four 
children, viz: Lloyd Nicols, Henrietta Maria, who married Hon. Robert 
Henry Goldsborough of ^* Myrtle Grove," Eliza, and Susannah Nicols, who 
married Hon. Bond Martin, of Cambridge. 

Anna Maria, daughter of Mr. and Mr?. George Robins, born March 
13th, 1732, died August 16th, 1804, married December 9th, 1749, Mr. Henry 
Hollyday, son of James (and Sarah Covington Lloyd) Hollyday, of 
"Readbourne," and grandson of Colonel Thomai Hollyday, (of con- 
sanguinity with Sir Leonard Hollyday, Lord Mayor of London, 1605,) who 
married Mary Truman, of England, and settled in Prince George's county, 
died in 1703, and left two sons, James, of Queen Anne's county, who lived at 
"Readbourne," and Colonel Leonard Hollyday, of "Brookfield," in Prince 
George's county. The children of Mr. and Mrs. Henry Hollyday, were 
Henrietta Maria, born December 5th, 1750, married January 15th, 1772, 


Samuel Chamberlaine, of "Bonfield;" Sarab, born January 29tb, 1753, 
married Harry Nicole, of " Darley," and died in 1829 ; Anna Maria^ married 
October, 1781, George Gale, of Cecil county, died in 1817; James, born 
November Ist, 1758, married Miss Susannah Tilgbman, died January 8tb, 
1807 ; Rebecca, born December 5th, 1762, married in 1793, Nicholas Ham- 
mond, (from the Island of Jersey, in 1772,) and died in July, 1801; Henry, 
born September 11th, 1771, married October 11th, 1798, Ann Carmichael, 
daughter of Richard Bennett Carmichael, of " Bennett's Choice," and died 
in March, 1850, and Margaret Hollyday, lorn May 12th, 1774, married Mr. 
Lyttleton Gale, of Cecil county, and died in May, 1848. 

Henrietta Maria, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. George Robins, born 
March 16th, 1736, married on April 16th, 1757, James Lloyd Chamberlaine, 
of "Plaindealing," and had one son, Robins Chamberlaine, and two daughters, 
viz: Henrietta Maria, who married Mr. William Hay ward, Jr., of Somerset 
county, and Margaret, who married Colonel John Hughes, of Harford 

Margaret, bom 1734, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. George Robins, mar- 
ried Mr William Hay ward, Sr., and had two sons : George, who married Miss 
Margaret Smyth, and Thomas Hayward, who married Miss Mary Smyth. 

Mr. George Robins died on September 6th, 1742, and was buried at *' Poach 
Blossom." His widow, Henrietta Maria Tilghman Robins, married on Sep- 
tember 2d, 1747, Mr. William Goldsborough, (whose first wife was a sister of 
Mr. Robins), a member of the Lord Proprietor's Council and one of the 
Judges of the Provincial Court. Mr. Goldsborough died in 1760. His por- 
trait (also that of his widow,) is in the poss?ssion of Mrs. Goldsborough 's 
descendants, the Haywarda of "Locust Grove." Mr. Goldsborough's tomb- 
stone at " Peach Blossom,'* erected by his faithful wife Henrietta Maria, 
bears the following inscription : " He was justly esteemed as a faithful coun- 
sellor, an upright Judge, an honest man and a good Christian." Mrs. Golds- 
borough survived her husband eleven years, and d.i,ed on November 7th, 1771, 
and was buried at " Peach Blossom," on the Saturday following, with a 
numerous procession. Rev. John Bowie officiating. To each of her daughters, 
(all Robins,) Susannah Chamberlaine Nicols, Anna Maria Hollyday, Mar- 
garet Robins Hayward, Henrietta Maria Chamberlaine, Mrs. Goldsborough 
gave a coffee-pot engraved with the cipher H. M. G. and a portrait of herself 
with her little grandson, Robins Chamberlaine at her side. In the picture 
owned by her great grandchildren, the Goldsborough's of "Myrtle Grove," 
the "Peach Blossom Mansion " is visible, and in that at " Bonfield," a gray 
squirrel is perched on the old lady's arm. In 1750, Mrs. Goldsborough and 
her four daughters worked the pulpit hangings and altar kneeling cushions 
at St. Peter's (more familiarly known as White Marsh) Church, where the 
family attended the services for more than a century, and which was in the 
immediate neighborhood of "Peach Blossom." This tapestry was a fine can- 
vass, worked in Irish stitch with shaded red worsted, and though a labor of 




love, was doubtless the work of many years. In 1830, a needle was found in 
the cushion, and when in 1854, the pulpit gave place to one of a more 
modern style of architecture, the tapestry was cut up into small strips, and 
distributed among all in descent from Mr. and Mrs. George Eobins. 


Peach Blossom, June 8th, 1756. 

My Dear Child— Your two letters of July and October, 1754, are now before me. 
If you have written any, since 7th of June last (which came by Capt. Montgomery) I have 
not received it. You say in your letter of Oct. 10th, that when you last wrote you were 
"at Kingston in Surry with your cousin Goldsborough." As a letter from you is one of 
my most pleasing amusements, I am very careful of it, and much pleased to get one from 
you. Pray present my compliments to your cousins Goldsborough, and thanlc them for 
their kind usage of you. I am glad that it reminds you of my tenderness. The chief 
recompense I require for it is, that you will have a due regard to good advice, and put in 
practice whatever is commendable. I too well know that there are careless examples in 
the world, which thought indeed makes me anxious for my children, but I hope you will 
be cx)nstantin asking God*s grace to assist you in well doing, and if you strive to be reso- 
lute, it may be easy to acquire good habits. Your sisters are well and are now ( by invi- 
tation) at their uncle Matthew Tilghman's. Nancy is at home and well, as also Mr. 
Hollyday and the little girls. Your sisters send love and will write by the next oppor- 
tunity. I wasvery ill about five weeks ago, but thank God am well again. Hoping you 
will keep well, I am. Dear Tommy, Your affectionate Mother, 


Mr. Goldsborough desires his compliments to Mr. John Haubury and his lady, and to 
your Master, and to his cousin. Robert and his wife. I ha/e now a pretty flying squirrel 
which I would send to you by Capt. Montgomery, but Mr. G. fears the French will get it. 
If it does not get from me I will send it by a convoy. 

Mr. Thomas Robins, Edinburgh. 

June 5th, 1768. 
To Mr. Peter Collinson, London. 

Kind Sir— Yesterday morning I received your very obliging letter, with seeds, 
(a part of which I will put in the ground, and keep the rest for next Spring,) and Zanan- 
culus which you so kindly favor me with, and which I have long desired to see. I will 
follow your directions in planting them. 

As you are pleased to desire some knowledge of my family, I will as briefly as possi- 
ble, gratify your curiosity. My grandfather, by my father's side, was named Tilghman, 
and was one of the first settlers in Maryland. My father corresponded with a relative of 
that name, whom you may know something of, and who (1 hope) yet lives in the county 
of Kent. My mother's grandfather, whose name was Lloyd, was likewise one of the 
first settlers in this country. Mrs. Rebecca Anderson, who was a Lloyd, and with whom 
I presume you are acquainted, is my mother's brother's child, and can give you a more 
direct account of the famity. 

Of my six children, (and you, good sir, very well knew one of them,) four daughters 
only are' living, and are all Robins and live very near me, the farthest about six^miles 
off. My eldest, Anna Maria, is married to Henry Hollyday, the son of Mr. James Holly- 



clay, wlio went home for health about thirty years ago; and I think I have heard say 
was acquainted with yon. Perhaps you mi^ht know his son, James, that went home 
about 12 or 14 years ago. He is Mrs. Anderson's half brother and own brother of my 
son-in-law. My next, Margaret, is married to Mr. William Hay ward, a lawyer. The next, 
Henrietta Maria, married James Lloyd Chamberlaine, whose brother Thomas, married my 
youngest daughter, Susannah, and died about four years ago, leaving one son. Thanks 
be to God, we all live far above want, and can spare to our poor neighbors. We i)ossess 
and indeed are burthened with, what people falsely call riches — I mean the Negroes. 
They are mostly an indolent sort of people, and seem very thoughtless of the expense 
thatfalls on us by supporting them. I think we have full enough of them, though not 
so many as others have, especially in Virginia and the West Indies. Could we make good 
Christians of them, it would be happy for us. Few are pliable. 

Finding in Miller that the is poisonous, I think best to forbear sowing the 

seed just now, as I have several grandchildren, at times running in the garden, who 
might handle the plant and suffer by it. Being so much in your debt sir, I had an incli- 
nation to send half a dozen tulip roots of my own raising, but I am several miles from 
the ship. If I thought they might be cruising about I should be discouraged by thinking 
yours so far superior, that mine would' not be acceptable. I shall be always glad to hear 
of your welfare, but writing may be troublesome in your advanced age, and I cannot 
expect you to continue your correspondence as you have doubtless many to write to. 
I am with the greatest respect, your much obliged friend and servant. 


Edinburgh, Jan. 80th, 1759. 
To Mr. William GoLDSBOROuGn. 

Hon'd Sir— I have received your letter of Sept. last, by Capt. Snow, soon after, one 
from my mother, and one, from each of my sisters, the last from sister Sukey. In your 
letter of May you express a desire that I should study Civil Law in England. I shall * 
now tell you in what manner that study is conducted here. Justinian's Institutes of 
Civil Law, take up one winter, and the Pandects two, so that we must spend three years 
here. Last winter, which was my first in Edinburgh, was employed in Logic, Math- 
ematics, and other studies preparatory to Natural Philosophy. In the beginning of the 
summer, I applied my self to Botany, accompanied (I hope not improperly,) with music 
and fencing, &c. This winter was begun with Natural and Moral Philosophy, and 
Chemistry. To this last I was advised, as a principal part of Natural Philosophy, and I 
found it of great use in that study, as in many others. The present Professor, Dr. Culien, 
has cleared it from its former obscurity, and we now see it in a beautiful systematic view. 
To these add a class of higher Mathematics. The next winter then opens with law. 
You will Sir excuse me for complaining that you have never given me the least intima- 
tion concerning my stay in Britain. Indeed I always understood it would be until the 
completion of my studies. It is but lately that I knew what the chief study is, and you 
now see that the time must be regulated by the study, which will take up about 5 
years, 2 here (as I don't imagine it will be necessary to pass advocate here 2 years will be 
sufficient,) and 3 in London. I did hope to see home sooner, but if you judge it best that 
I stay, I shall endeavoi* to make it time well spent. You say that you are satisfied with 
my annual expense. Don't let me incur the imputation of extravagance when I tell you 
that £100 per annum I find rather too little. No one I believe is farther from debauchery 
of any Kind. Drinking to excess is the principal failing of this country. I am not capa- 
ble of this vice from my disuse of it, and it is perfectly disagreeable to me. My want of 
more then, proceeds from my not being sufficiently skilled in the art of making most of 
what money I have, and indeed I do not desire to be an adept in this art, as I have met 
with those who in practicing it, do mean things. My principal reason for mentioning 


this is, that I wish to make a journey to the Highlands, which with buying a horn will 

cost £30. I ask therefore that my credit be extended to £150, per annum, believing that 

my estate is able to bear it, if not, I beg that you will inform me what the gross value of 

it is, and I will tiy to keep within* bounds. I do not desire to appear as if I had a large 

fortune, but as if I had something above the average. You will excuse my writing with 

such freedom to you. I only represent things in the light they appear to me. You may 

see them differently and more clearly. I shall behave with the submission incumbent on 

me. In my last letter to my mother I desired her to get with as little trouble as possible, a 

barrel of apples and acorns. They are designed for two gentleman. Lord Coalston and 

Major Dalrymple, with whom I had the pleasure of spending a part of last summer. I 

must beg leave to enforce this desire, as I was most hospitably entertained by them. I 

would alBO (if I might presume) desire that a red bird be sent over to supply the loss Mrs. 

Drummond has sustained of one. Nothing is a trifle that expresses gratitude. I would 

gladly accept anything that my mother and sisters will send that I might show it to all 

my acqaintances here. Please present my duty to my mother, & love to my sistei*s and 

relatives. Thank Mr. HoUyday for his letter, which I will answer by the Fleet. I* will 

send this by my cousin Qoldsborough, and write again by Mr. Glentworth, the medical 

student of whom I wrote. I am Sir, 

Your dutiful Son, 


Edinburgh, July 4th, 1757. 
Dear Sir — The many favors I have received from you, oblige ma to comply with 
your request to write, as soon as possible. By the idea I have formed of this place in my 
three days sojourn,! would willingly be excused from staying another. With the excep- 
tion of one, all the streets are very narrow and excessively dirty. The common women 
generally go about in their barefeet which affords a most disagreeable sight. Those in 
the higher class are much the same as in London. Having so recently arrived I have not 
seen much of the place, & you cannot expect me to be very exact. I was well received 
by Dr. Drummond, who procured me lodgings in a street close by the College, where I 
have board and lodging for £32 a year. My landlady wears a black gown and a black 
skin, both for the same purpose, namely, to hide dirt. I hope in time to learn content- 
ment. Doubtless Mr. Collinson imagined that sending me to Edinburgh would be of 
great use to me both for obtaining knowledge in the sciences, and patience. Pray give 

my love to Mr. & Mrs. Anderson and my cousins. 

Yr sincere friend, 

To Mr. James Hollyday, London. 

Edinburgh, Aug. 12th, 1757. 

Dear Sir— I am greatly concerned that I have not heard from you since I left 

London, and fear that you are not well. Please relieve my anxiety by the next post. 

I had a ticket sent me last week for a concert under the direction of Sjgnor Pasquall. 

The Company was very brilliant, but I observed that the ladies were not so exact in their 

dress as those in London, for several had hats, and none diamonds, but the men were 

dressed at all points I may say, for there was velvet, silk, embroidery, and lace. I go two 

or three times a week to a coflfee-house, where I meet Dr. Carmichael, who is chief har- 

anguer, though there are others who debate. Last Saturday he was holding forth to a 

humorous audience upon the balance of Europe. We listened with great attention, till 

the arrival of the waiter, who threw the papers upon the benches, when he, who had got 

the Whitehall, read out with an audible voice, while " considere duces & vulgi tante 

corona." With love to my cousins I am etc., 

To Mr* James Hollyday, on Tower Hill, London. 


Edikbubgh, March, 26th, 1759. 
Dear Sm — Nothing could give me more pleasure than to hear of your safe arrival at 
home, and of your restoration to health. I am pretty sure the last depended on the first. 
My father writes that you have again entered into the practice of the law, the actiyity it 
requires will no doubt contribute to the return of your spirits also. Scotland agrees very 
well with me and I pass my time very agreeably in the society of some of the best fami- 
lies, who treat me most civilly. I still think that Cambridge is the best place for studying 
Belles Lettres, though the Civil Law, (which I enter upon next winter) is better taught 
here than anywhere else. I propose great advantages from this study, as it is the founda- 
tion of all law, and greatly facilitates the reading English law. I am glad to have such 
good account of your nieces. I shall be greatly pleased to see them. You have now 
gotten again into the circle of your acquaintance, most of whom I know by name only. 
You might make me acquainted with their connexions between themselves or me, by 
telling me of any family occurrence. This would cause me to long for a more intimate 
acquaintance, which I hope I shall soon obtain. Pray give my love to ray sister and Mr. 
Holly day. Being somewhat hurried I shall defer writing to them until an opportunity 
offers from Glascow. I have had no letters from them, or any of my sisters, except Sukey, 

this year. Yours most affectionate, 

To Mr. James Hollyday, Queen Anne*s county, Maryland. 


Hen^rietta Maria, daughter of James Lloyd, and Henrietta Maria 
Robins Chamberlaine, married in 17 — , Mr. William Hayward (a nephew of 
William Hayward, of '' Locust Grove,") of Somerset county, and lived at the 
Hayward homestead, near Miles River Ferry, (now owned by Mr. Joseph 
Price,) where Mrs. Hayward died in 1808. A portrait of this lady is in 
the possession of Dr. Chamberlaine of Easton. Mr. Hayward married a 
second time, a Miss Margaret Lloyd, and died in 1837. Henrietta Maria, 
Sarah, James, children of William and Henrietta Maria Hayward, died 
unmarried ; William, their eldest son, born in 1787, married on December 
19th, 1809, Miss Elizabeth Haskins Bullitt, of Easton, and had seven children, 
viz: William, Thomas Scott Bullitt, Margaret Robins, Hall Harrison, Mary 
Bullitt, who married Mr. Joseph R. Price, and had two sons, who died 
in early manhood ; and Henrietta Maria, who married in 1838 Dr. Samuel 
Wickes Spencer, and removed to Florida, and had two children, viz: 
Ann Elizabeth, born in 1839, who married in 1871 Mr. William H. 
Coburn, of Savannah, and has three children, viz: Henrietta Maria, born 
May 18th, 1873 ; Sallie Hayward, born June 20th, 1875, and Robert Murdock 
Coburn, born April 3rd, 1877 ; and Lambert Wickes Spencer, born in 1841. 

Elizabeth Bullitt, daughter of William and Elizabeth Bullitt Hay- 
ward, married on January 1-ith, 1851, her cousin. Dr. Joseph E. M. Chamber- 
laine, of " Chlora's Point/' and died in 1861, leaving two children, Joseph 
Ennals Muse, and Elizabeth B. Chamberlaine, who married on October 2nd, 
1876, Robert E. Hayward, of Cambridge, Maryland, and had one son, Joseph 


Chamberlaine Hayward. (Mr. Hayward is of the Dorchester Hayward 
family, which is distinct, and in no way connected with the Somerset and 
Talbot county families.) Mr. William Hayward died on October 19th, 1836. 
"This gentleman, whose comparatively early death defeated the promise of 
his youth, and the first years of his manhood, is remembered for his abilities 
as an orator, which were not surpassed by any speaker of his day in his 
native county, and hardly by any in the State." His widow survived him 
many years, and died in Easton, on October — , 1851. 


William Hayward, the first of the name in Talbot county, came from 
Somerset, in 17 — , and settled at "Locust Grove," (on Tred Avon river,) in. 
Bayley's Neck. He married on November, 29 th, 1760, Miss Margaret Robins, 
daughter of George and Henrietta Maria (Tilghman) Eobins, of " Peach 
Blossom," and died in 1791, leaving two sons, George Eobins, who married 
Miss Margaret Smythe, of Kent county, and died without children in 1810; 
and Thomas Hayward, who married Miss Mary Smythe, the sister of his 
brother's wife, and died in 1838. William, eldest son of Thomas and Mary 
Smythe Hayward, marrid in 1825, Miss Elizabeth Edmondson, and died in 
1840, leaving one daughter, Elizabeth, who married in 1858, William Shep- 
herd Bryan, a prominent member of the Baltimore bar, and had four children, 
viz: William Shepherd, Elizaboth Hayward, George Pettigrew and Caryl 
Harper Bryan. 

Thomas Smythe, son of Thomas and Mary Hayward, married 1st, Miss 
Henrietta Maria Nicols, of Kent county, who died in 1831, without children, 
and second Miss Josephine H. Bowie, and died in 1862, leaving five children, 
viz: Henrietta Maria Eobins, who died in 1867; Elizabeth Haskins, William, 
Thomas Smythe, and Dallas Bowie Hayward. 

Sarah Smythe Hands, daughter of Thomas and Mary Smythe Hay- 
ward, married in 1838, Mr. Eichard Trippe, and died in 186-, leaving four 
children, viz: Mary, Helen (who married Hugh Hambleton, and had children, 
viz: Mary Cornelia, Margaret Helen, Hugh Sherwood, Hayward, Bertha and 
William Wirt Hambleton), Thomas Hayward Trippe (who married Miss Mat- 
tie, daughter of Eev. Henry M. Mason, D. D., and had four children, viz : 
Henry Mason, Adeline Hull, Sarah Hayward and Thomas Hayward Trippe.) 
and Eichard John Trippe, who married Miss Annie Townsend, and had three 
children, viz : Isabella Bowie, Hayward Hands, and Barclay Haskins Trippe. 

Elizabeth Eobins, daughter of Thomas and Mary Smythe Hayward, mar- 
ried Mr. Barclay Haskins, (his first wife,) and died in 1845, without children. 
Mary Ann, daughter of Thos. and Mary S. Hayward, died unmarried in 1861. 

Mr. Thomas Smythe Hayward died in 1863, and his widow sold their 

homestead, "Locust Grove," to a Mr. Johnston (of county , Ireland,) 

who, in 1865, married Anna, daughter of Matthew Tilghman Goldsborough, 
of ** Ellenborough." 




Margabet Robins, daughter of James Lloyd and Henrietta Maria 

Mobins Chamberlaihe, was born at "Peach Blossom," on , and 

married on ^- — , Col. John Hughes of Harford, an intimate friend of 

Major Andre, who walked to the scaffold on Col. Hughes' arm. We learn 
from a reliable source that the comb, brush, and towels used by Andre 
in prison, were furnished by Col. Hughes, and are pow in the tower of London, 
marked "John Hughes." The last thing Major Andre did before starting 
for his place of execution, was to place in the hands of this devoted friend, 
the miniature of his betrothed and his last letter to her, with the request 
that he would forward them to her in England, which request Col. Hughes 
immediately complied with. 

Col. and Mrs. Hughes had three sons, Samuel, John and James, and three 
daughters, Henrietta Maria, Ann, and Eliza Hughes, all born at "Peach 
Blossom." These ladies were celebrated for their great beauty and personal 

Samuel and John Hughes died unmarried ; James Hughes married Miss 
Maria Lee, who had two daughters, viz : Margaret Chamberlaine Hughes, 
who died unmarried; and , who married a Mr. Stuart, of West Vir- 
ginia, and had two children, viz : James Hughes Stuart, who emigrated to 

Kentucky, and Margaret Chamberlaine Stuart, who married Mr. ^^ , of 

West Virginia. 

Hei^rietta Maria, daughter of Col. John Hughes and Margaret Cham- 
berlaine, married Mr. William Stokes of Harford county, and resided in 
Havre de Grace when that town was attacked by the British in 1812. They 
had seven children, viz : Eliza Hughes, (who married in 1841 Mr. William J. 
Eoss, of Frederick City, and died in 18— , leaving one daughter, Eliza Ross;) 
Robert H. Stokes, (for thirty years cashier of a bank in Frederick City, who 
married Miss Harriet Tyler, and died in 1871, and had children, viz: 

Bradley, who married ; Eobert H., James, John Hughes, Henry, 

William, who married Miss Sophie Fitzhugh, and Henrietta Maria, who 
married Mr. Henry Williams, of Frederick City;) William H. Stokes, M.D., 
(who married Miss Mary Tyler and had five children, viz: William H., 
Bradley Johnson, George, Elizabeth, and Nannie Stokes;) Eev. George C. 
Stokes, (Rector of the Church of the Eedecmer in Baltimore county, who 
married Miss Emma Brown of Kent county and had five children, viz : John, 
William, George, Emma Louisa, and Ernest Stokes ;) Capt. James Stokes, 
(an officer in the United States Army, residing in Chicago, who married Miss 
— — and has children, viz : William, who married in 1877 his cousin, 
Henrietta Maria Stokes, daughter of William and Sophia Fitzhugh-Stokes, 
and Miss Sallie Stokes;) Louisa Stokes, who died in 1864, and Miss Sallie 
Stokes, of Baltimore* 


Eliza Hughes, daughter of CoL John Hughes and Margaret Chamber- 
laine, married Mr. Eichard Stockton, of New Jersey, son of Kev. Philip 
Stockton and his wife Catharine Curaming, and has three daughters living, 
viz: Mrs. Lucius Stockton, (whose son, Richard G. Stockton, married Miss 
Harriet Grant and had three children viz : Lucius Witham, Elias Bondinot 
and James Chestnut Stockton, and whose daughter, Henrietta Maria, mar- 
ried General Leiper, and has two children, Charles and Catherine Leiper,) 
Mrs. William Lord, of Cooperstown, N. Y., and Miss Ellen Stockton. 

Ann Hughes, daughter of Col. John Hughes and Margaret Chamber- 
laine, married Mr. Andrew Aid ridge, of Baltimore, and had children, viz : 
John Aldridge, M.D.; Margaret, who married Mr. Ellwood Davis, of Phila- 
delphia; Eliza, who married Mr. Bibby, of New York; Ann, who married 
Mr. William Gittings, of Baltimore, and had children, viz : John S. Gittings 
(who married in October, 1878, his cousin, Miss Rosa May, the great great 
granddaughter of William and Henrietta Maria Chamberlaine Nicols, of 
Talbot county, and has one son, John S. Gittings,) and Miss Nellie Gittings. 
Mr. Gittings died in 18G-, and his widow married in 186- Mr. Henry Win- 
ter, of Baltimore. 


Henrietta Maria, daughter of Samuel and Henrietta Maria Lloyd 
Chamberlaine, married on May 22nd, 1760, William Nicols, son of Rev. 
Henry Nicols and his second wife, Mrs. Elizabeth Rowle, of St. Michaer?, 
and lived at "Galloway,'* near Euston, where Mr. Nicols died in 1774, and 
his widow a few years later. Mrs Nicols was born at "Plaindealing," in 1739. 

Henrietta Maria, eldest daughter of William and Henrietta Maria 
Nicols, born in May, 176-, married her first cousin, Samuel Earle, (son of 
Richard and Ann Chamberlaine Earle, of "Melfield,") a captain in the 
Revolutionary Army, and had three children, viz : William Nicols, who died 
unmarried; Maria Earle, who married Tarbutt Harris, and died without 
children ; and Ann Earle, who married Henry Emory. 

Captain Earle died in 1790, and his widow married a Mr. Blake and had 
a daughter, Elizabeth, who married Captain Simon Wickes, and had 
children, viz: Mary Henrietta, Simon, William Nicols Earle, Charles, Free- 
man, Ann Rebecca, Thomas Stockton, and Elizabeth Wickes. 

William Nicols Earle Wickes married in 1857 Miss Anna E. Wethered, 
of Baltimore, and had two children, viz: Ann Rebecca and Lewellyn Weth- 
ered Wickes. 

Charles Wickes married Miss Whaland, and had a daughter, Henrietta. 
His sister, Ann Rebecca Wickes, married, first, Chambers Wickes ; secondly, 
Hon. Joseph A. Wickes, of Chestertown, and had one daughter, Josephine 


Ann Nicols, daughter of William and Henriecta Maria Nicols, born in 
1762, married Mr. Edward de Courcy, and had children, one of whom, Wil- 
liam Henry, married Miss Eliza Rosier, and had three children, viz : Notley, 
(who first married Miss Mary Hamtramarch, and had one daughter, Lillias, 
and whose second wife was Miss Nannie Paca, by whom he had one daughter, 
Nannie de Courcy,) William Henry de Courcy, M. D., of ^'Cheston," on Wye 
Biver; and Henrietta Maria de Courcy, who married in 1845 Hon. Henry 
May, of Baltimore, and had several children. Their eldest daughter, Rosa 
May, married in October, 1877, John S. Gittings, Jr., (a great grandson of 
Col. John Hughes and his wife Margaret Robins-Chamberlaine), and had 
one son, John S. Gittings. 

Samuel, son of William and Henrietta Afaria Chamberlaine Nicols, mar- 
ried, first. Miss Blake, who died witliout children, and secondly. Miss 

Eliza Smythe, of Kent county, and had nine children. Their daughter, Hen- 
rietta Maria, married Mr. Thomas S. Hay ward of " Locust Grove," and died 
without children. Their second daughter Margaret Smythe Nicols, married 
in 1827, Dr. Peregrine Wroth (who died in 1879), and had two children, 
viz: William Jackson Wroth, M. D., who married in 1864 Miss Louisa 
Bowie, (who died in 1867, leaving one daughter, Margaret E. W>oth,) and 
Margaret Priscilla Wroth, who married in 1858, her cousin Thomas Cham- 
berlaine Nicols of Easton, and had three children, viz: Henrietta Maria, 
Edward Theodore, and Margaret Eugenia Nicols. 

Harry, son of William and Henrietta Maria Chamberlaine Nicols, born 
at "Galloway*^n December 5th, 1764, married on October 6th, 1786, Miss Eliz- 
abeth Robins, an heiress, and daughter of Stanley and Mary (Green) Robins, 
a daughter of Jonas Green (the proprietor and editor of the Maryland Gazette)^ 
of Annapolis. On the death of Mr. Nichols in 1810, his widow, by the 
advice of her friend and relative, Mr. George Robins-Hay ward, assumed her 
husband's debts, thereby greatly impoverishing her children, who at her 
death in 1841, were obliged to make their own support. 

Samuel, son of Harry and Elizabeth Robins-Nicols, born at '' Galloway" on 
August 22nd, 1770, married Miss Ann de Courcy, and died in 1831, leaving 
one daughter, Sarah Fitzinimons Nicols, who married in 1836 Mr. Thomas de 
Courcy, and had four children, of whom but one is living, Samuel Gerald de 
Coui'cy, who married in IS^^Miss Lizzie Barclay, of Philadelphia, and had 
tliree children, viz; Antoinette Wickes, Emily and John Barclay de Courcy, 
all living in Philadelphia. Mr. Thomas de' Courcy died in 1844, and his 
widow married in 18 — Mr. David Jones, of Eastern Neck Island, Kent 

Mary Green^, daughter of Harry and Elizabeth Robins Nicols, was born 
at "Galloway," in 1789, and died at Easton in 1845. 

Henrietta Maria, daughter of Henry and Elizabeth Robins-Nicols, 
was born at" Galloway" in 1802, and resides (187-) with her niece Mrs. John 
L. Hopkins, near St. Michael's. 


Thomas Chambbrlaike Nicols, son of Harry and Elizabeth Eobins- 
Nicols, born in 1791, married in 1825 Miss Martha J. Stout (a great niece of 
John Quincy Adams), and died at Easton in 1872. Mrs. Thomas 0. Nicols 
died in 1878 in Elkton at the residence of her son Henry M. Nicols, who 
married in 1847, Miss Anne S. Eichardson, and had seven children, two of 
whom are living, Martha Adelaide and Henry May Nicols. 

William Hayward Nicols, son of Thomas C. and Martha J. Stout 
Nicols, married in 1857 Miss Caroline E. Belcher, and had six children, two 
of whom survive, viz : Caroline Patterson and Martha Elizabeth Nicols. 

Thomas Chamberlaine Nicols, son of Thomas C. and Martha Stout 
Nicols, married in 1858, Margaret Priscilla Wroth, and had nine children, 
of whom three are living, viz : Henrietta Maria, Edward Theodore and Eu- 
genie Nicols. 

Mary Henrietta, daughter of Thomas C. and Martha Stout Nicols, mar- 
.ried in 1868, Mr. J. Charles O'Brien, and died in 1869. 

Elizabeth Anne Nicols, daughter of Thomas Chamberlaine and 
Ma/tha Stout Nicols, married on Junfe 4th, 1867, Mr. John L. Hopkins, of 
" Bayside," Talbot county, and had children, viz : Henrietta Maria Nicols, 
(born July 1st, 1868, died December 29th, 1872,) Mary Hayward and Ariana 
Bateman Hopkins (twins), who died in infancy. 


Rev. Henry Nicols was born in Glanmorganshire, Wales, on April Ist, 
1678, and graduated at Jesus' College, Oxford, in 1702. The following year 
he was sent to the United States by " the Society for the Propagation of the 
Gospel in Foreign .parts," and settled in Pennsylvania, ministering at Chester 
and at Concord in that State. In his travels through New England, he met 
a Miss Gatchell, whom he married, and in 1708, became the incumbent of St. 
Michael's parish, Talbot county, Maryland, and settled near that town at a 
place called " Maiden's Point," where were born to them five sons and one 
daughter. Jonathan, their eldest son, married Miss Ann Knowles, and were 
the parents of Harry Nicols of " Darley," who married Miss Sarah Hollyday, 
of "Ratcliffe Manor/^ (and whose romantic history forms yet a pleasant tradi- 
tion in the family), and Sarah Nicols, (who married Dr. John Troupe and 
had one daughter, Mary, (who married, first, Mr. Polk, second, Dr. Davidge, of 
Harford county,) and a son. Dr. Irving Troupe, who married Miss Sarah 
Hemsley, and whose children, viz: Henrietta Maria, Mary and Henry Troupe, 
are now living in Baltimore. These ladies have among other family relics, 
the portrait of their great-uncle Harry Nicols. 

Jebemiah, second son of Kev. Henry Nicols, married Miss Deborah 
Lloyd, daughter of James and Ann Grundy Lloyd, of '^Hope." Their 


eldest son, Sobert Lloyd Nicols, married Mrs. Susannah Bobins-Gbamber- 
laine, and bad one son, Lloyd Nicols, (who married Susan GuUey), and 
two daughters, Henrietta Maria, (who married Eobert Henry Goldsborough, 
of " Myrtle Grove'0> aiid Susannah Nicols, (who mamed Hon. Bond Martin, 
of Cambridge, and whose daughter, Maria, married Mr. Theodore R. Lopcker- 
man, of Easton, whose daughter, Mary, married Mr. Loud, whose daughter, 
Ida Loud, married in 1870 Matthew T. Goldsborough, of Bayley's Neck.) 

Jebsmiah, son of Jeremiah and Deborah Lloyd, married Anna Maria, 
daughter of Bichard and Ann Grouch Lloyd, and had one son Jeremiah, who 

married Miss Hackett, and had three children, viz : Anna Maria, who 

married Dr. James Bordley, of Queen Anne's county; Richard Lloyd, who 

married Miss Wright, of Queen Anne's county, and had children; 

and Jeremiah, who married Miss Fannie Burgess and had five children, viz : 
Jeremiah Dorsey Nicols, Bessie, Mary, Nannie and Lloyd. In this family 
the portraits of Jeremiah and Deborah Lloyd Nicols are carefully treasured. 

Hekby, son of Rey. Henry and Elizabeth Nicols, was sent to England to 
be educated, and became a physician of eminence. He died abroad unmar- 
ried, and left his large fortune to his nephew and namesake, the son of his 
brother Jonathan, who was called " Stirling Harry," because of his wealth, 
and to distinguish him from his Eastern Shore cousins who bore the same name. 
Ghables, son of Rev. Henry and Elizabeth Nicols, born on April 11th, 
1716, (died April 28th, 1786, and was buried at his homestead in Tuckahoe 
Neck, Caroline county,) married Miss Mary Smith, and had eight children. 
Margaret, their second child, born in 1758 or 1759, died in August, I'iST, 
married Thomas Meeds, and left five children, the youngest of whom, Mar- 
garet, born in 1786, became in 18 — the wife of Rev. Daniel Stephens (Rector 
for some years of St John's Church, Havre-de-Grace, Md.), and were the 
parents of Col. William H. Stephens, of San Gabriel, California. Harry, (of 
Tuckahoe), son of Charles and Mary Smith Nicols, was born 1765 and died 
in 1831. His first wife was Miss Margaret Keene, who died leaving an infant, 
who also died. After ten years (in 1805) he married Mrs. Elizabeth Sellers, 
daughter of Henry Downs, of Hillsborough, and had five children, of whom were 
Catharine, who married Francis Chilton, and James, who married first Miss Pa- 
tience Tunis, by whom he had two daughters, Elizabeth Josephine, now residing 
in Wilmington, Del., and Mary Goldsborough Nicols, who died in infancy. 

The children of his second wife Miss are Ada, and Margaret, 

who married Dr. Thomas Hackett, of Hillsborough, and has several children. 

JoHK, son of Harry and Elizabeth Sellers Nicols, married first Caroline 
Meeker, of New Jersey, and afterwards Sarah Ross, of Pittsburgh, and died at 
St. Paul, leaving several children. 

James, son of Rev. Henry and Elizabeth Nicols, married Miss Charlotte 
Graham, of Baltimore, and had a daughter, Charlotte Nicols, who married 

Patterson, a brother of the late Mrs. Jerome Bonaparte, and had four 

children, two sons (who died in infancy) and two daughters, Charlotte, who 


married Mr. Charles S. Gilmor; and Caroline, who married Eeverdy John- 
son, Jr., and died without children. 

Charles, son of James and Charlotte G. Nicols, married Miss 

Noel, and had three sons, of whom James only survives. He married Miss 
Richardson, and resides at Laurel, Maryland, and is a Presbyterian preacher. 
The portrait of Mrs. Charlotte Graham Nicols is in the possession of her 
friends in the Boss family, of Frederick City, Maryland. 

Sabah, only daughter of Eev. Henry and Elizabeth Gatchell Nicols, 
married Mr. Eobert Goldsborough, of "Ashby.*' Their only son, Bobert, 
married in 1768 Miss Mary E. Trippe, of Cambridge, Maryland, and their 
son, Bobert Henry, (United States Senator from 1813 to 1819,) married in 
1800 Henrietta Maria Nicols (daughter of Colonel Eobert Lloyd and his wife, 
Susannah Bobins Chamberlaine Nicols), and had nine children : William, who 
married his cousin. Miss Mary Goldsborough, of Cambridge ; Charles Henry, 
Susan Elizabeth, who married Mr. Coolidge, of Boston ; Mary Caroline, Henri- 
etta Maria, John McDowell, Eliza, George Bobins, who married in 1862 Miss 
Eleanor Bogers, daughter of Lloyd Bogers, of " Druid Hill," near Baltimore, 
and Bev. Bobert William Goldsborough, who married Miss Bebecca Holly- 
day Hammond, (daughter of Nicholas Hammond, from the Island of Jersey, 
in 1771,) and was for many years Bector of the church at Hillsborough, Md. 
Their only daughter, Sarah Eliza Goldsborough, married on December 18th, 
1877, Dr. Thomas W. Martin, son of Hon. Bond Martin and his second wife, 
Miss Elizabeth Williams, of Cambridge, Maryland. 

Mrs. Elizabeth Gatchell Nicols died in 17 — , and some years after her 
death, in 17 — , Bev. Henry Nicols married Mrs. Eliza Bowie, of Si Michael's, 
by whom he had one son, William, who was born 17 — , died in 1774, and 
married on May 22nd, 1760, Henrietta Maria» daughter of Samuel and Hen- 
rietta Maria Lloyd Chamberlaine, of " Plaindealing," by whom he had four 
children : Henrietta Maria, who married first. Captain S. Earle, and after- 
wards Mr. Blake; Ann, who married Mr. Edward DeCourcy; Samuel Cham- 
berlaine, who married Miss Eliza Smythe, and Harry Nicols, of " Galloway,'* 
who married Miss Elizabeth Bobins. 

The following inscription on a tomb in Christ Church, at St Michael's, 

will be read with interest by all in descent, and in any degree connected 

with Bev. Mr. Nicols: 

H. S. 


H. NICOLS, A. M., 



APBILtS 1. 1678. DBNATI PBB. 12, 1748. VIXIT ANNOS 70. SAL-- 





Here lie the remains of H. Nicols, Master of Arts, Fellow of Jesus' Col- 
lege, the unworthy Pastor of this Church for forty-one years. " Trample 
Upon the salt that has lost its sayor.'' 


By his order these words were inscribed, and his tomb placed in front of 
the Altar in the floor of the church, that persons might walk on it In the 
new church on the same site (built in 1879), in order to heat the building by 
furnaces a cellar has been dug, the tomb is therefore under the floor and 
entirely concealed from view. 


Ann, daughter of Samuel and Henrietta Maria Lloyd Ohamberlaine was 
born at Oxford on October 23rd, 1734, and married in 17 — Mr. Eichard 
Tilghman Earle, of Queen Anne's county, and had nine children. 

Samuel, son of Richard Tilghman and Ann Ohamberlaine Earle, (born in 
1756, died in 1790), was a captain in the Revolutionary army. He mar- 
ried in 17 — his cousin Henrietta Maria Ohamberlaine Nicols, and had three 
children, viz: William Nicols, Ann, and Maria Earle. His widow con- 
tracted a second marriage with a Mr. Blake. 

Richard Tilghman, son of Richard Tilghman and Ann Ohamberlaine 
Earle, was born on June 23rd, 1767, graduated at Washington Oollege in 
1787, and in 1809 was appointed Ohief Judge of the Second Judicial Dis- 
trict of Maryland, and one of the Judges of the Oourt of Appeals. "He 
was an eminent lawyer, an able Judge, and a gentleman in all the rela- 
tions of life." Judge Earle married on December 3rcl, 1801, Mary Tilghman, 
daughter of Hon. James Tilghman, and had ten children, and died at 
"Needwood," on November 8th, 1843, in the 77th year of his age. 

Elizabeth Ann, daughter of Richard and Mary Tilghman Earle, mar- 
ried Philip Henry Feddeman, and had five children, viz: Philip Henry, 
Mary Tilghman, Margaret E., Elizabeth A., and Richard Earle Eeddeman, 
who married in 18 — Miss Ellen Douglass Clayton (nee Baker), and had one 
son, Philip Henry, who married Mary E. Earle, and had two children, viz: 
Ellen Douglass and Samuel E. Feddeman. Mrs. Richard Earle Feddeman, 
died in 1852, and Mr. Feddeman married in 18 — Miss Deborah Wright, 
and had seven children. 

Mary Maria, daughter of Richard and Mary Tilghman Earle, married 
Mr. Philip T. Davidson, and had five children, viz : Richard Earle, who 
married Anna Maria, daughter of Oaptain Samuel Ogle Tilghman, George 
Davidson, who married Marcella Blunt ; Mary Tilghman, Susan Earle, and 
Kate Davidson. 

Henrietta Maria, daughter of Richard and Mary Tilghman Earle, 
married Dr. David Stewart of Fort Penn, Del., and had a daughter Henrietta 
Maria, (who married Thomas Dilworth, and had a daughter Henrietta Maria 
Dilworth,) and one son David Stewart. 


Jakes Tilghman, eldest son of Eichard and Mary Tilghman Earle, was 
educated at Harvard ITniversity, Cambridge, Mass., and graduated in the 
class of 1834. After devoting three years to the study of the law, under the 
direction of his father, he turned his energies and attention to agricultural 
pursuits. In 1849, he with Charles B. Calvert and others, re-established the 
Maryland Agricultural Society, was its active Vice President, and in 1859 
was elected President. He was a member of the Maryland Senate for sev- 
eral years, and by his last public services to his State, has connected his name 
inseparably with the Centennial Exhibition of 1876. Mr. Earle's first wife 
was Miss Ann Johns, daughter of Hon. Kensey Johns, of Delaware. His 
second wife was Miss Ann Catharine Tilghman, by whom he had two 
daughters, Mary B., and Ann Johns Earle, who married on June 18th, 1874, 
William H. Babcock, of Washington, D. C, and had three children, viz : 
Eosa Earle, Catharine, and Ann Babcock. 

Mrs. Ann Catharine Earle died in October, 1876, and Mr. Earle married 
in January, 1879, his cousin. Miss Mary F. Wright (daughter of Clinton 
and Anne Maria Clayton Wright), and had one son, James T. Earle, born 
March, 1880. 

Susan Frisby, daughter of Richard and Mary Tilghman Earle, died un- 
married in 1861. 

Samuel Tilghman, son of Richard and Mary Tilghman Earle, married 
in 18 — Miss Mary W. Brundidge, of Baltimore, and had seven children, viz : 
James Tilghman, (a gallant Confederate soldier, who, after sufiering many 
hardships, lost his life in the Southern cause) ; William B., Richard T., Mary 
E. (who married Philip H. Feddeman), Samuel T. Earle, M. D. (who mar- 
ried Isabel Ringgold), Rosetta W., and Sarah Catharine Earle. 

Richard Tilghman, son of Richard and Mary Tilghman Earle, mar- 
ried first Miss Catharine Spencer, and had one son, Richard Tilghman Earle, 
and secondly. Miss Elizabeth Spencer, a sister of his wife. 

George Earle, son of Richard and Mary Tilghman Earle, married a 
Miss Mary Chamberlain, of Newark, Delaware, and had seven children, viz: 
Richard T., Elizabeth, George, Mary T., Charles T., Susan F., and S. Cath- 
arine Earle. 

John Charles, M. D., son of Richard and Mary Tilghman Earle, mar- 
ried in October, 1848, Miss Clara E. Goldsborough, of "Otwell," near Ox- 
ford, and had six children, viz : Elizabeth G., (who married in 1870, Richard 
Hollyday of " Readbourne," and had six children, viz : John Charles, Anne 
Maria, Clara E., Margaretta Carroll, Clarence, and Bessie Hollyday.) 
Mary Tilghman, Clara G., Matthew Tilghman Goldsborough, James Tilgh- 
man, and Henry Hollyday Earle. 

Sarah Catherine, daughter of Richard and Mary Tilghman Earle, 

married on June 19th, 1866, Dr. Joseph E. M. Chamberlaine of Easton, Md. 

Margaret Earle, daughter of Richard and Ann Chamberlaine Earle, 

was bom in 17 — , married Philip Feddeman, and had two children, viz : 


Philip Henry Feddeman, (who married Elizabeth Ann Earle) ; and Mary E. 
Peddeman, who married Eobert, son of Gov. Robert Wright, and had a son 
Clinton Wright, who married his cousin Anne Maria Hackett Clayton, and 
whose daughter Mary P. Wright, married in 1879 her cousin Hon. James 
T. Earle, of " Need word," and had a son, James T. Earle, born in March 1880. 

Maby Earle, daughter of Richard T. and Ann Chamberlaine Earle, 
was born in 1761, and married Dr. John Hindman, and had one son, Henry 
Hindman, who died a bachelor. 

Akk Earle, daughter of Richard and Ann Chamberlaine Earle, born in 
1763, died unmarried. 

SusAi^KAH, daughter of Richard and Ann Chamberlaine Earle, died un- 

Deborah, daughter of Richard and Ann Chamberlaine Earle, married in 
1790, Mr. Charles Wright, and died without children. 

Henrietta Maria, daughter of Richard T. and Ann Chamberlaine 
Earle was born in 1761, and married Solomon Clayton, by whom she had 
four children, viz : Richard Earle (who married Juliana Roberts), Solomon, 
(who waa drowned in Corsica Creek) ; Juliana ; and Walter Jackson Clayton, 
(who married Sarah Hackett and had six children, viz : Thomas Earle Clay- 
ton, (who married Ellen Douglass Baker and had one son, Walter Thomaa 
Clayton, who resided in Ifobile, Alabama, and married Carrie Threwer); 
Anne Maria Hackett Clayton, (who married Clinton Wright, and had two 
children, Mary Peddeman, and Clinton Wright, who married Frances 
Kerby); Henrietta Maria Clayton, (who married her brother-in-law, Clinton 
Wright, and had a daughter Henrietta Clayton Wright, who married Wil- 
liam Samuel Carroll); Ann Caroline Clayton, (who married in 1848 Ben- 
jamin Blackiston Wroth, of Chestertown, and died in 1875); Sarah 
Elizabeth Clayton, (who. became the third wife of her brother-in-law, 
Clinton Wright, and had two sons, William H. De Courcy Wright and 
Thomas Clayton Wright) ; and Juliana Clayton, who married Mr. Eastwick. 

Thomas CHAMBERLAnsTB Earle, son of Richard and Ann Chamberlaine 
Earle, was born on April 29th, 1771, married Miss Henrietta Maria Hem- 
sley and died without children. Mr. Earle was the first of the family since 
1723, to visit the Chamberlaine relatives in Cheshire, being sent to England 
in 1796 on commercial business by the firm of Nicols, Chamberlaine & Earle. 
During his visit, he obtained from John Chamberlaine, of " Saughall," the 
lineage of the family as recorded on the first pages of this book. 



Sahijel^ third son of Samuel and Henrietta Maria Lloyd Ghamberlaine, 
was born at " Plaindealing " on August 23rd, 1742. There is no recprd of his 
boyhood or college life, but we conclude that he had the same advantages of 
education as those afforded his brothers under the eye and influence of Bey. 
Thomas Bacon, D. D., and was instructed in the faith and practices of the 
Church of England, of which hi& parents were strict members. In 1768 he 
succeeded his brother Thomas in the Custom House at Oxford, which posi- 
tion he held until the Bevolution. Years after his death, his seal of office 
was discovered among some rubbish by his grandson, J. Bozman Eerr, and 
carefully preserved by the family. It was made of silver and weighed sev- 
eral ounces, and its loss in 1801 in the town of Easton, gave them much con- 
cern, all efforts by advertising having failed to recover it Before the Bevo- 
lution, Mr. Ghamberlaine*s public position, personally, and as his father's 
deputy, enforced official oaths to the Grown, and sternness of principle was so 
strong an element in his character, that the binding force of an oath once 
taken, he would have encountered any degree of popular odium rather than 
break it. "His words were bonds, his oaths were oracles." He was there- 
fore incapable of holding office in Maryland, and during the violence of party 
feeling in 1775-76, he was classed and fared with non-jurors, and was one, 
though not in any degree a Tory. He would have refused the year he died, 
the most lucrative office in Maryland, because in 1768, and every year after 
until 1775, he had taken the oath to support the Grown and the Hanoverian 
succession, which he honestly thought disqualified him for the rest of his life 
from public office. 

In his love for the Mother Ghurch, the Vestry Acts in Maryland must 
have given him some trouble, as one of that body, but after the peace in 
1783, his conscience may have been relieved in most particulars. 

It so happened that on the occasion of Washington's death in 1799, at a 
funeral pageant in Easton, when all classes of citizens joined in respect for 
this great and good man and patriot, that a place of honor in the procession 
was assigned Mr. Ghamberlaine, as one of the most respected members of the 
community. His known indignant grief over the schism of Wesley, made 
all curious to know how his principles and action would square with the use 
of the Methodist Meeting House in Easton for the ceremonies. Those who 
understood his character were not surprised to see him reach the door, and 
decline to enter the building ! 

On account of his great devotion to the Church of England, Mr. Gham- 
berlaine was supposed to be bigoted, and yet he was not a weak man. He 
selected Princeton for his son's Alma Mater, thereby causing great surprise 
because of the strict Galvinistic doctrines there inculcated, and yet refused a 


liberal offer from an English cousin to educate this son, because this well- 
to-do relative eulogised Tom Paine and his writings. This relative was in- 
formed by the father, that ^' no one in sympathy with the infidel, and indul- 
ging in such a strain, could be permitted at any risk of violating the laws of 
hospitality to cross his threshold, and to place his son under such influence 
was not to be thought of for a moment." Some fancied his indignant letter 
^' bitter and biting" as it was, the act of an eccentric enthusiast, but it was 
honest truth, fearlessly and under the circumstances disinterestedly written. 
This letter ought to have been preserved as a monument of a clear title to the 
respect and confidence of every well balanced mind, every where and in all 

It has been a matter of regret that Mr. Chamberlaine did not think of a 
profession or some business pursuit for his four sons beyond farming and 
planting. The patrimony from their father was so large that no inducements 
were held out to them ; and, though hopes were very strong that the mind of 
his eldest son would be turned to the ministry, they were never realized. As 
an agriculturist, Mr. Chamberlaine stood first in the community, and his 
mode of farming is highly commended in " Parkinson's Tour,'* a work by an 
English author of some repute, who, on frequent visits to " Bonfield," had 
ample opportunity of judging. The Maryland lands had been exhausted by 
over-cropping in the matter of tobacco, " the king '* before cotton was intro- 
duced ; and, as the cradle scythe was not known in Maryland, the sickle of 
St. Mark (vi. 21) must have been used, till the philosophic idea of not impov- 
erishing the land by too close shaving of its herbage came to Mr. Chamber- 
laine in advance of his time. Mr. Parkinson was at " Bonfield " during wheat 
harvest, and saw about 100 slaves clipping and throwing into baskets the 
heads of wheat, leaving the straw to fall to keep the ground shaded and cool, 
and to renew the land. This method of cutting the heads of wheat gave rise 
to cavil and great censoriousness in the neighborhood. 

When Maryland took a bold and decided stand against the absurd claims 
of Virginia and other States to the vast West country-region within Queen 
Elizabeth's charter, and demanded as of right that a sliver of the world 
wrested from Great Britain by the union of hearts and hands in a common 
cause should become common property for all the States then existing and 
hereafter to be carved out of it, a practical mind must naturally have turned 
to these Western and Northwestern lands. Mr. Chamberlaine purchased 
20,000 acres of land in Ohio long before 1800, and when Mr. Jefiferson must 
needs consign this " wild, remote region " to the negro race as their domain 
and house of refuge, statesmanlike prevision was at a discount Thanks be 
to Maryland, the pride bubble of Virginia was pricked and burst, and the 
body of the people became sponsor for the transfer of title to these territorial 
possessions under a fixed system. 

The purchase of so large a tract before the admirable system of surveys 
by well-defined lines was adopted, is very creditable to one fully alive as 


Mr. Chamberlaine was to the development of the material interests of the 
whole conntry, and had his sons been entrusted with such power of attorney 
as that given to Colonel Philemon Lloyd by his father, (July 11, 1668), these 
Western lands, possibly the site of some large city, were recoverable. 

Mr. Chamberlaine was as methodical as his father in all his business rela- 
tions, as the " Eecords of Port Oxford " can testify. These, all written by 
his own hand in the neatest and clearest type possible outside of a printing 
press, give evidence of great particularity and preciseness, not niet with in 
these days of " hurry-scurry." These records were presented by his grand- 
children of " Bonfield " to the Maryland Historical Society in Baltimore 
in 1879. 

On January 15, 1772, Mr. Chamberlaine married Miss Henrietta Maria 
Hollyday, the great-great granddaughter of Colonel Philemon Lloyd and his 
wife Henrietta Maria (Neale), and his fourth cousin through the Lloyds. 
Miss Hollyday was a daughter of Henry Hollyday and his wife Anna Maria 
(Robins), of " Ratcliffe Manor," near Easton. The first year of their married 
life was spent at " Evergreen," in the vicinity of " Bonfield," and near enough 
for Mr. Chamberlaine to superintend the building of the second homestead 
of the family in America and the fourth since 1066, when the first of the 
name settled in England — ^'Little Barroio;^^ "Saugball on the Dee," in 
Cheshire; and " Plaindealing," on Tred Avon; "Bonfield," on Boone's 
creek, in Talbot county, Maryland. 

The dwelling house at " Bonfield " is a frame building, nearly square, with 
lofty ceilings, broad staircase, and a hall from which you enter the parlors, 
which are wainscoted. In a recess is a large, curiously carved beaufet, like 
those at " Plaindealing," in which ^^ the best china " and glass and all the 
heirlooms (in silver) were kept. 

The artificial hill on three sides of the house (the work of the numerous 
slaves) was rather out of place in so level a country, as the tall poplars at 
the foot of the sloping sward, stately as they were, made the greatest stranger 
feel sure of a welcome from the hospitable host and his genial wife. The 
lovely creek at. the foot of the hill, looking towards the south, was so shut in 
as to appear like a lake, an island at the mouth concealing the outlet in the 
view from the house. " Beauty no longer lingers " on this once lovely spot. 
The neglect of tenants, careful only of their own interests, and utterly devoid 
of all love for the beautiful, has done more, than " Time's fingers " to efface 
every trace of its former picturesque scenery. The Lombardy poplars in this 
instance were not allowed " to die with the aristocracy of the land," but, 
being deemed " injurious to the soil," were felled by ruthless hands. The 
large pine grove, where for nearly a century, three generations " stood among 
the falling leaves, young children at their play," and which was a strong 
shelter from the rude north wind's blast, that too must fall a victim to a 
Yankee's love of gain. The lake remains, and, though "a thing of beauty," 
no longer reflects in its limpid waters the vines and branches that overhung 



its banks, and it is only in the halls of memory that these loved scenes 
remain, the remembrance of which will not be effaced save in " the Home 
where changes cannot come." 

There are several pencil sketches of " Bonfield " in the family, traced by 
the skilful fingers of Mr. Chamberlaine's grandsons. The only finished one, 
however, was made by a Mr. Seager in 1843. 

To this "sweet home" Mr. Chamberlaine brought his wife (the eldest 
daughter of Henry Hollyday, of " Eatcliffe Manor,") in 1773, a year after 
their marriage. It is said that Mrs. Chamberlaine superintended the build- 
ing of the hill before described, and, having so many servants at her beck 
and call, used well her authority in keeping both house and grounds in order. 
In her "excellent discipline" (?) it is thought that she ruled children, as well 
as servants, more by fear than love. It is a tradition in the family that this 
lady always ate a slice of cold bread after a hearty meal of corn cakes ! and 
it is doubtless a correct one, as some of her grandchildren inherit the pecu- 
liarity. Mrs. Chamberlaine would never respond to that petition in the 
Litany in which we ask " to be delivered from sudden death." We infer from 
this that she rather prayed for it, and that her prayer found favor with God, 
for the dread summons came in the dark, still night, and without any 
apparent warning her spirit returned to Him who gave it. 

Mr. Chamberlaine died on May 30, 1811, surviving two daughters and 
leaving three (who married early in life), and four sons, who, with their 
mother, occupied the homestead until dissensions arose concerning their 
father's will. Their mother, by this will, was made sole devisee and legatee, 
and held entire control over the large and unencumbered property. This 
was done, no doubt, to secure her and to set his boys to thinking of their 
future without reference to any division of his estate. Here was the time 
when the training at Princeton College might have come into play. The old- 
fashioned idea (and the right one) assigned the homestead to the eldest son, 
who would not (conscientiously) study divinity, and could do nothing in the 
line of active business life outside of farming. The results therefrom were 
unfortunate. Each of the six children wished his and her " portion of goods," 
and in a short time the establishment was broken up. An arrangement was 
made between Mrs. Chamberlaine and her sons, which resulted in the sale of 
certain lands to raise an annuity suitable to her dowager condition, in lieu of 
her possession and control of the estate. This matter was settled by the sale 
of Peck's Point, and the mother, leaving " Bonfield " to the management of 
her bachelor sons (James Lloyd and Eichard Lloyd), went to end her days at 
"Richmond Hill," the home of her second son, Henry Chamberlaine, in 
Cecil county. Mrs. Chamberlaine paid occasional visits to her native place, 
** Eatcliffe Manor," to " Bonfield," and to her married children in and near 
Easton. Her last visit to Talbot was in 1824, when she spent two weeks with 
her daughter, Mrs. John Leeds Kerr, and read " the family Bible that lay on 
the stand," in which her grandson records the date of this visit. Eight years 


after, on- January .9, 1832, she died at " Eichmond Hill," and was interred in 
the Gale ifamily burial-ground at " Brookland," near her relative, Miss Har- 
riet Anderson. 

Mr. and Mrs. Chamberlaine had five daughters, all older than their four 
brothers, born at "Bonfield'* and educated under their mother's eye (she having 
been instructed in the best style of her day by well-qualified teachers) by Eev. 
Dr. McGrath, an Irish priest of the Church of England, in after years a pro- 
fessor in a Maryland College, either Washington at Chestertown, or St John's 
(William III Free School) at Annapolis. Marian, the youngest of the sisters, 
known as Aunt May, was unusually clever with her habits of close study, 
and her sister Henrietta Maria, also very clever, was highly gifted in the art 
of painting. These ladies died unmarried in 1804 and 1808. Eichard Lloyd, 
the only unmarried brother, met with an unfortunate accident in his infancy 
(a fall from his nurse's arms) which injured his spine and greatly disfigured 
him. For this cause it was assumed that he would never marry, and yet 
with his keen intelligence and business activity, gentle disposition, and pleasant 
manners, he was well fitted for a domestic man. He died in 1830 and was 
buried at " Bonfield " by the side of his father and sisters. It was hard to 
draw the line of affectionate regard between him and his brother, valuing as 
I did, the latter with " the gold of Ophir " mentioned in Job. The two 
brothers took the Homestead and the Nether Foston farm (that lying 
between the waters of the Tred Avon and Island Creek, a branch of the 
Choptank river) with survivorship, and had Eichard survived his brother, 
the family of the latter would have been somewhat at his mercy. Fortunately, 
his excellence and conscientious honesty made it utterly impossible for him 
to break faith, his word once given, and with him, as with his father and 
grandfather, "he swore unto his neighbor and disappointed him not'* — not 
" even to his own hindrance." 


The Hollydays of Talbot and Prince George's counties are descended from 
Walter HoUyday, styled the Minstrel Master of the Eevels to Edward IV, 
and his descendant, Sir Leonard Hollyday, who was Lord Mayor of London 
in 1605. 

CoLONEi^ Thomas Hollyday, of consanguinity with Sir Leonard Holly- 
day, came to Maryland with his wife, Mary Truman Hollyday, and settled in 
Prince George's county, and died in 1703, leaving two sons, viz: James Holly- 
day who removed to the Eastern Shore and married Mrs. Sarah Covington 
Lloyd, and Colonel Leonard Ilollyday of "Brookfield," in Prince George's 
county, (born May 4, 1698), Vvho married first, Sarah Smith, who died without 
children, and second, Mrs. Eleanor Waring, (daughter of Clement Hill, 


whose wife, Eleanor Darnall, was the daughter of Henry Darnall, a kinsman 
of Lord Baltimore,) by whom he had children, viz : Thomas ( who married 
Ann Waring ), Dr. Leonard Hollyday ( who married Miss . Bradly and Miss 
Contee, and had a son, Leonard, who married Miss Holland and Miss Weems ), 
Elizabeth (who married Mr. Semmes), Mary (who married Major Frank 
Waring), and Clement Hollyday (who married Miss Priggs, and had a son, 
Urban Hollyday, who married Miss Amelia Skinner, and died in 1862 leaving 
one daughter, Amelia M. Hollyday). 

Dr. Hollyday and his son Leonard and wife dying within a few days of 
each other, it is supposed that they were poisoned. His three little grand- 
daughters were thus left unprotected, owners of a vast estate, and a thousand 

Finally, a man by the name of Cox, who had married a distant relative, 
took charge of them and of their property which he soon disposed of, and 
sent the family plate to England to be remodeled for his own use. 

Elizabeth, the eldest of the children, daughter of Leonard and 
Holland Hollyday, married December 30th, 1804, Dr. Richard Chew, son of 
Major Bichard and Margaret Mackall Chew of Herring Bay, and emigrated 
to Kentucky while that State was still a vast forest, abounding in savage 
Indians and ferocious animals. They encountered danger, trials, " moving 
accidents by flood and field," but with the heroism and determination which 
marked the early pioneers, they surmounted all difficulties, and in course of 
time Dr. Chew became a famous physician. He died at the age of 57, and 
his widow, a short time after, returned to her native State. Her death 
occurred on October 2d, 1851, and she was reverently laid to rest in the 
family burial ground at *' Brookfield," in Prince George's county. She was 
the mother of nine children. Her second daughter, Margaret Mackall Chew, 
born February 1st, 1809, married March 20th, 1831, Dr. Eobert W. Glass, 
and had children, viz : Joseph, born in 1832 ; Richard Chew, born in 1837, 
died in the South, December, 1863 ; Margaret, and Elizabeth C. Glass, who 
married on November 27th, 1856, Hon. Daniel Carroll Digges, and L^i one 
son, Daniel Carroll Digges, who died in 1876. Judge Digger died in 18 , 
and Mrs. Digges married on October 13, 1870, Dr. Llewellyn Crowther, of 

Geace Hollyday, daughter of Dr. Leonard and Holland, married 

Acquilla Beall of Georgetown, and resided at " Brookfield," having bought out 
the interest of the other two sisters, and had a large family. Mrs. Beall lived 
to be 90 years of age, and used to tell her grandchildren that she had three 
things to be proud of, "first, that she was marriel on the Fourth of July; 
second, the Bishop of Maryland performed the ceremony, and third, that her 
husband received her from the hand of the Governor of the State." 

Margaret Hollyday, the third sister, married Thomas Truman Somer- 
vell, had several children, and died at " Greenwood " 







James Hollyday, second son of Colonel Thomas Hollyday and his wife 
Mary Truman, was born on June 18th, 1695, and died on October 8th, 1747. 
He married on May 3rd, 1741, Mrs. Sarah Lloyd, (who as Miss Covington, a 
celebrated beauty, of Somerset county, Md., won the heart of Edward Lloyd 
of " Wye House," and became his wife on February 1st, 1703,) and lived at 
the Lloyd homestead until 1733, when they removed to " Readbourne," Mr. 
HoUyday's plantation in Chester river, occupying a small building in the yard 
called "the Box" (which is now used as a granary), until the Mansion House 
was completed. Mrs. Hollyday herself planned the " Eead bourne " house 
and consulted and corresponded with Lord Baltimore in regard to the style 
and architecture of the building. The red brick of which it is constructed 
was imported from England. 

It has been suggested by Talbot county folks that this lady did not oc- 
cupy in her native county of Somerset, so high a position as the gentlemen 
she afterwards married, and that Governor Lloyd married "beneath him in 
social life," that he " found his wife not merely like Penelope busy with her 
distaff, but without slippers." The disparaging innuendo is lost in the fact 
that when social talk turns upon the beautiful women of earlier and later 
North America, in quarters socially and intellectually high, this Maryland 
colony tradition of the prettiest woman of her day, Miss Sarah Covington, 
is not forgotten. The portrait of this lady is lovingly treasured by her great 
great grandchildren, the Oxford Chamberlaines. Though greatly injured 
and defaced, it yet bears traces of great intellectual beauty. 

Mr. Hollyday was for many years treasurer of Eastern Shore and Lord 
Baltimore's agent and collector of quit rents, having Mr. Samuel Chamber- 
laine as his deputy at Oxford. 

Mrs. Hollyday was the sole executrix of the vast estates left by her two 
husbands, though her sons by Mr. Hollyday were of age when their father 
died. Their youngest son, Henry Hollyday, married in 1749 Miss Anna 
Maria Eobins, and leaving the homestead, settled at "Katcliffe Manor," a 
part of the Bobins estate belonging to his wife, and formerly called Canterbury. 

James Hollyday, the eldest son of James and Sarah Hollyday, took his 
father's place at "Keadbourne" and faithful care of the mother he so tenderly 
loved until 1764, when she bade farewell to children and friends in Maryland 


to visit her only daughter, Mrs, Eebeoca C. Anderson, then residing in 
London. The grief and distress felt and expressed at her departure and 
separation from her family was most marked, and greatly intensified 
when, in one short year, tidingi of her death reached Maryland. The 
letter from her son, giving account of her illness and death, was all 
blurred and blotted with his tears as he wrote the statement from 
London. Her portrait, a memorial ring and a few letters of her large corre- 
spondence comprise the relics of this revered ancestress now held by the 
family. A monument to her memory was erected at West Ham, County 

Mb. James Hollyday was born at " Wye House " on November 20th, 
1722, and though in the meagre records we find no facts relating to his early 
education, frequent mention is made of him in after years as a lawyer and 
statesman of eminent ability. He commenced to study law early in life, and 
had advantages, wheresoever received, that qualified him to enter the Middle 
Temple in London (the great law school of England,) in 1754, sailing for 
Liverpool in September of that year in the ship Prince Edward^ accompanied 
by his mother, whose illness and death have been recorded. Mr. Hollyday 
remained three years in London, and returning to Maryland, qualified for the 
Provincial Court in 1758, and soon ranked among the first lawyers in the 
colony. He had been a member of the Lower House of the Assembly prior to 
his residence in England, and having a great repugnance to holding any 
public office, accepted the honor only after earnest solicitations of his friends. 
Mr. Hollyday never married, and from his letters to his nieces, Sally and 
Mazey Anderson, we judge that his heart was never touched by "la belle pas- 
sion." There is a tradition " that he was rarely known to smile, and but o'iice 
indulged in immoderate laughter, which greatly alarmed his friends." This 
great depression of spirits can in a measure be accounted for in the irreparable 
loss of his mother, to whom he was devotedly attached. His great affection 
for his only brother, Henry Hollyday, of "Eatcliffa Manor," breathes in every 
line we read from his pen, and his brother's children and those of his half 
sister, Mrs. William Anderson of London, were constant recipients of the 
bounty that his great wealth enabled him to offer them. He led a happy 
bachelor life at "R«adbourne," where he kept open house and shelter for any 
relative who was not so blest as himself in this world's goods. He died on 
November 5th, 1786, and was buried at " Eeadbourne," which he devised to 
his brother^s eldest son, James Hollyday, (who married Miss Susan Tilghman), 
and this homestead is still in the family, held by the grand-children of that 

A portrait of Mr. James Hollyday for years hung in "the little parlor" 
at " Bonfield," the home of his niece, Henrietta Maria (Hollyday) Chamber- 
laine. Mr. Thomas Robins Hollyday, of "Lee Haven," has it in charge, ou 
whose death it will be returned to Dr. Chamberlaine in Easton, a promise to 
that effect having been made. 



Henry Hollyday, second son of James and Sarah Covington HoUyday, 
was born, at "Wye House" on March 9th, 1725, and died on November 11th, 
1789, was a graduate of Princeton College in 1745, and in 1749 married Miss 
Anna Maria Robins of "Peach Blossom,*' who was born on March 13th, 1732, 
and died August 16th, 1804. Mr. Hollyday and his brother James, the 
eminent lawyer, were members of the Maryland Legislature for seveft*al 
terms, and both took a lively and active part in the political affairs of the 


country. '' 

The correspondence between the brothers and their half-brothers, the 
Lloyds of "Wye House," furnish many interesting incidents in their 
private life. One of them, from Mr. Henry Hollyday to his brother, contains 
a graphic description of a thunder storm at " Eatcliffe Manor," during which 
the house was struck, "seemed to be filled with gas and illuminated by the 
brilliant lightning which played over the face of a sleeping negro boy, but 
did not wake him. All were stunned for a moment, but none seriously hurt." 

We learn from these letters that, owing to the failure of crops, and more 
especially during the war, the family were often in "a very distressed 
and impoverished condition and suffered for the comforts of life." 

Their home, " Ratcliffe Manor," was a large tract of land called " Canter- 
bury," (belonging to Mr. George Robins, the father of Mrs. Hollyday), about 
two miles from Easton, on the Tred Avon River. The dwelling house is of 
red brick, large and well planned and beautifully situated on the river, and 
here were born the ten children of Mr. and Mrs. Henry Hollyday, viz: Anna 
Maria (December 9th, 1756), Henrietta Maria (December 5th, 1750), Sarah 
(January 29th, 1753), James (November 1st, 1758), Thomas Robins (October, 
1760, died unmarried in 1823), Rebecca (December 5th, 1762), Elizabeth (in 
1768, died unmarried in 1810), Henry (born September 11th, 1771), and 
Margaret (born on May 12th, 1774). 

Mr. Hollyday died in 1789, and his wife in 1804, and were buried at 
"Ratcliffe." A portrait of Mrs. Hollyday hung in "the little parlor" at 
"Bonfield" until 1874, when it was removed with the Chamberlaine pictures 
to Easton. 

Henrietta Maria, eldest daughter of Henry and Anna Maria Hollyday, 
was born in 1750, (died in 1832), and married on January 15th, 1772, Samuel 
Chamberlaine, of "Bonfield," and had nine children, viz : Anna Maria (who 
married Mr. John Goldsborough), Sally Hollyday (who married Hon. John 
Leeds Kerr), Marion, Henrietta Maria, Harriet Rebecca (who married Mr. 
Levin Gale), James Lloyd (who married Miss Anna Maria Hammond), 
Richard Lloyd (who died unmarried), Henry (who married Miss Henrietta 
Elizabeth Gale), and Samuel Chamberlaine (who married Miss Ariana Worth- 
ington Davis, of Cambridge, Md.) 


Anna Mabia Holltdat, daughter of Henry and Anna Maria Holljdajy 
married Mr. Gleorge Gale, of Cecil county, and had children, viz: Leah, 
Anna Maria, Sally HoUyday (to whom Miss Harriet Anderson devised 
"Brookland," where they lived for many years, and died unmarried), 
Levin (who married his cousin, Miss Harriet Rebecca Ghamberlaine), George 
(who married Miss Anna Maria Done, a daughter of Hon. John Done, of 
Somerset county, and lived at "Newstead" and had two children, George 
Gordon, who married and died without children, and Anna Maria Gale, who 
entered a sisterhood at Clewer, England, in 1868, and is Mother Superior at 
St Paul's Orphanage, Baltimore), and George Anna (who married Mr. 
Cornelius McLean, of Baltimore, and died without children in 1856), to 
whose memory there is a window erected (by her husband) in St. Luke's 
Church, Baltimore. 

Sarah Hollydat, third daughter of Henry and Anna Maria HoUyday, 
born in 1753, married in 1813, Mr. Harry Nicols of "Darley," and died in 
1829. This worthy couple had formed a matrimonial engagement early in 
life, but their daughter's suitor, though her equal in birth and education, 
was not acceptable to Miss Hollyday's parents, because of his poverty and 
poor prospects of supporting her. The engagement was therefore broken, 
and the sad-hearted lover was rejoiced to accept an invitation to visit him 
from his uncle, Harry Nicols, then a wealthy physician in London. Dr. 
Nicols died about ten years after, and left his vast fortune to this nephew 
and namesake, called from this circumstance, and to distinguish him from 
his cousins of the same name, " Stirling Harry." With the fortune to back 
him, and nothing doubting, Mr. Nicols returned to Maryland, and again 
offered his faithful heart to Miss HoUyday, having first prepared a beautiful 
home for her reception at •* Darley," near Baltimore. 

To his great surprise he was rejected, she " would not accept the rich man 
whom, in his poverty, she had discarded." 

Beturning to Baltimore, Mr. Nicols made the acquaintance of Miss Bebecca 
Smith, and finding favor in her eyes and his money no objection, made her 
mistress of *' Darley," where she reigned for eighteen years. On the death of 
his wife (in 1810) Mr. Nicols (in 1813) still true to his first love, made 
another visit to "Ratcliffe Manor," and a third offer of his heart and hand to 
Miss HoUyday, who this time rewarded his constancy, and on her sixtieth 
birthday became Mrs. Harry Nicols, her husband being two years her senior. 

James Hollyday, son of Henry and Anna Maria Robins HoUyday, was 
born at "Ratcliffe" in 1758. The Keadbourne property had been devised to 
this nephew by his uncle, Mr. James Hollyday, the eminent lawyer, and to 
this ancestral home he brought (in 1790) his young bride. Miss Susanna 
Steuart Tilghman, daughter of Hon. James Tilghman (grandson of Richard 
and Anna Maria Lloyd Tilghman of the Hermitage) and his wife. Miss 
Susanna Steuart, of Annapolis. One of the heirlooms in this family is a 
miniature likeness of Mrs. Susanna Steuart Tilghman, claimed by the Read- 
bourne family. 



Of the seyen children of Mr-, and Mrs. James UoUyday, two sons, James 
and Prisby, died in early life, and their only daughter, Anna Maria Chew 
HoUyday, married Mr. Arthur Jones of Swan Point, in Kent county, and died 
leaving six children, of whom two only are living. Miss Anna Eloise and 
Miss Maria Susanna Jones, residing m Baltimore. 

Heis'by Holltday, born in 1798, died in 1865, second son of James and 
Susanna Tilghman Hollyday, by the death of his elder brother came into 
possession of ^' Beadbourne," and married on April 18fcb, 1826, his cousin, 
Anna Maria Hollyday of " Eatcliffe," and had children, viz : Susan Prisby 
( who died in 1873 ), Anna Maria, Henry (who married Miss Sally Hughlett 
and had four children, viz : Henry, Thomas H., Fannie and Susan Hollyday). 
Sichard, (who married his cousin, Elizabeth Q. Earle, daughter of Dr. John C. 
and his wife Clara Goldsbourgh Earle of Easton, and had six children, viz: 
John Charles, Anna Maria, Clara- Elizabeth, Margaret Carroll, Clarence and 
Bessie Hollyday, all born at " Readbourne," where Mr. Richard Hollyday 
has held charge since his father's death in 1865 ); S. Gertrude (who married 
Mr. Chew, of Havre-de-Grace, and had one son, Frank Chew) and Clarence 
Hollyday. Mrs. Anna Maria Hollyday died in 1855, and Mr. Hollyday mar- 
ried in 1858, Miss Margaretta Goldsborough, of " Otwell," and died in Sep- 
tember, 1865. Mrs. Margaretta Hollyday died at Easton, in December, 1878. 

Hon. Geobqe Steuabt Hollyday, son of James and Susanna Steuart 
Hollyday, was twice a member of the Maryland Legislature, a member of the 
Constitutional Convention in 1864, and for years the Chief Judge of the 
Orphan's Court of Kent county. He was an intelligent and enthusiastic 
agriculturist, and organized and was the President of the Agricultural Club 
of Kent county ; a gentleman of the olden school, polite, well-bred, and 
hospitable. He married Caroline M. Carvill, of Kent county, and had chil- 
dren, viz: George Tilghman (who married Miss Alexina B. Chamberlain, of 
Baltimore, and had children, viz: Caroline R., Luella C, George T. and 
John S. Hollyday) ; Caroline M. (who married Dr. C. C. Harper, of Queen 
Anne's county) and John W. Hollyday. 

William Hollyday, son of James and Susanna S. Tilghman Hollyday, 
married August 31, 1830, his cousin, Anna Cheston Tilghman, of Washington 
county, who died in 1834, leaving two children, James Frisby, who died in 
1849, and Nancy Einggold Hollyday, who died in 1849. Mr. Hollyday mar- 
ried on September 12, 1837, Louisa Lamar Tilghman, the half sister of his 
first wife, and had children, viz: William Henry (who joined the Con- 
federate army, and was slain in battle, June, 1864), Mary Tilghman (who 
married James H. Steuart, atid had a daughter, Margaret Steuart), Lamar 
(who married on April 23, 1868, J. Georgie Thelin and had four children, 
viz : Louisa Lamar, Anna Eloise, Margaret, and Georgie Thelin Hollyday), 
George Tilghman (who married, Octob?r 9, 1878, Miss Louisa Worthington, 
and had one son, Thomas Worthington Hollyday, born September 23, 1879), 
Floyd Sprigg, Alfred, and Susan Davis Hollyday (who married on January 


27, 1876, Walter Sharp, of Norfolk, and had children, viz : Louisa Lamar 
and George Tilghman Sharp). 

BiCHABD Tilghman Hollyday, son of James and Susanna S. HoUyday, 

born died 1874, married Miss Susan Began, of Washington county, 

and had children, viz : Bettie, who died in 1871 ; Amelia, or Minnie, 
who died in 1877 ; Anna Tilghman, and Dr. Guy (or Geiger) Hollyday, who 
married in 1873 Miss Jennie Lanning, and had a daughter, Minnie. 

Margabet Hollyday, daughter of Henry and Anna Maria Robins Holly- 
day, was born in 1774, (died in 1848), married in Mr. Lyttleton 

Gale, of Cecil county and lived at— in Cecil county until 18—, when they 
bought a house in Havre-de-Grace. Of their eight children two only are 
living. Miss Elizabeth Hollyday and Miss Susan Bobins Gale, residing in 

Hbnby Hollyday, son of Henry and Anna Maria Bobins Hollyday, was 
born on September 11, 1771, and died March 20, 1850; married, October 
11, 1798, Miss Ann Carmichael, (born June 30, 1776, died February 24, 1861), 
daughter of Bichard Bennett Carmichael, of " Bennett's Choice " in Queen 
Anne*s county, and had nine children, viz: Ann (born March 25, 1800, died 
March, 1855, married, 1826, Henry Hollyday, of "Beadbourne"); Elizabeth 
Margaret (born 18 — y married, 1835, Hon. Bichard Bennett Carmichael, of 
Queen Anne's county, and had children, viz: Bichard Bennett, William, who 
married Miss Pink Powell, and had ten children) ; Nancy Murray (who mar- 
ried Mr, Charles H. Tilghman, and had four children) ; Elizabeth H. (who 
married her cousin, Mr. Julian Spencer, and had two children, Sarah Downs 
and Fannie) ; Catherine Virginia (who married Mr. Tilghman Paca, and had 
two children); Catherine Ann (born in 1802, died unmarried in 1878); Sarah 
Elizabeth (born in 1B05, died in 1849) ; Henrietta Maria, and Harriet Bebecca 

BiCHAED Caemiohael, eldest son of Henry and Ann C. Hollyday, was 
born at " Batcliffe Manor " in 18 , and married, November 24, 1858, Miss 
Marrietta T. Powell, of Virginia, and has two children, Bichard Carmichael 
and Marrietta Powell Hollyday. 

Mr. Hollyday has been the able and efficient Secretary of State under the 
administration of five governors, viz: Philip Francis Thomas, Oden Bowie, 
William Pinkney Whyte, James Black Groome, and John Lee Carroll. 

In accordance with the law of primogeniture (now in a great measure 
abrogated in America), Mr. Hollyday fell heir to the homestead, and took 
possession there on the death of his father, in 1850. 

William Mubeay Hollyday, third son of Henry and Ann Carmichael 
Hollyday, married in January, 1852, Miss Bebecca Louisa Powell, of Vir- 
ginia, and lived at " Glen wood," a part of the Batcliffe estate, and had chil- 
dren, viz : Nannie (who married Mr. William Clark, of Boston, and had two 
children), Bosalie, Powell, Virginia, Thomas Bobins, and Murray Carmichael 



Thomas Bobiks, son of Henry and Ann C. Holly day, leads a bachelor 
life at his beautiful home on Tred Avon river, called " liCe Haven," in honor 
of Miss Mary Lee, the accomplished daughter of the Confederate general, 
Bobert E. Lee. The delicate health of Mr. Hollyday for many years past has 
deprived the society of Easton of one of its greatest ornaments ; his fine 
mind, brilliant wit and quick repartee, in addition to his pleasant and genial 
manners, making him a general favorite. 

Bebecca Holltday, daughter of Henry and Anna Maria Bobins Holly- 
day, was bom at " Eatcliffe Manor " on December 5, 1762, and died there on 
July — ^ 1801; married in December, 1792, Mr. Nicholas Hammond, of 
the Island of Jersey, and had three children, viz: Nicholas Hammond, 
who married Miss Anna C. Goldsborough ; Anna Maria Hammond, 
who married James Lloyd Chamberlaine ; and Bebecca Hollyday Ham- 
mond, who married Bev. Bobert W. Goldsborough, of " Myrtle Grove." 

Mr. Hammond was a lineal descendant on his father's side from Mary 
Dyer, the Quaker preacher and martyr. 


Akka Maria, eldest daughter of Samuel and Henrietta Maria Hollyday 
Chamberlaine, was born at " Bonfield " on March 31, 1774, and married on 
January 24, 1797, Mr. John Goldsborough, of Easton, (the son of the Deputy 
Commissary of Dorchester county under the Provincial Government), and 
had seven children, viz : John, Elizabeth Greenbury, born in 1803, died 
unmarried in 1860 ; Henrietta Maria, bom in 1805, died unmarried in 1826 ; 
Samuel C, born in 1807, died in 1828 ; Bobert Lloyd, born in 1810 ; James 
Kemp (so named in honor of the Bt. Bev. James Kemp, Bishop of Mary- 
land), bom in 1813, died unmarried ; and Marian Caroline Goldsborough, 
bom in 18 — . 

JoHK, eldest son of John and Anna Maria Chamberlaine Goldsborough, 
was born on September 22, 1801 ; married, on April 3, 1827, Miss Mary Eliza 
Bishop Emory, and had six children. 

John, eldest son of John and Eliza Emory Goldsborough, born February 
10, 1828; married on — 18 — , Miss Priscilla Alden, a lineal descen- 
dant of John Alden, of " the Mayflower," and had seven children, viz: John 
Alden, born May 5, 1854; Mary Eliza, (born February 3, 1856, who married, 
on January 11, 1877, John Daniel Smoot, of Washington, D.C., and had two 
children, viz : John Goldsborough, born October 30, 1877, and Lloyd Duvall 
Gh)ldsborough Smoot, born August 31, 1879); Priscilla Le Baron, born 
October 4, 1857; Thomas Lobdell, Henrietta Maria ; Joseph Chamberlaine, 
born April 7, 1865; and Eudora Sampson Alden Goldsborough, botn 
August 2, 1867. 


Ghables Emoby Ooldsbobouoh, second son of John and Eliza Emory 
Gh)ldsboroagh, born in 1830 ; married, in 18 — , Miss . 

Henbietta Mabia, only daaghter of John and Eliza Emory (Joids- 
borongb, bom in 1833 ; died in April, 1847. 

Hekby Chambeblaike, third son of John and Eliza Emory Golds- 
borough, born in 1835 ; married — Samuel Chamberlaine Golds- 
borough, fourth son of John and Eliza Emory Goldsborough, was born in 
1839, and died in 1844. 

Mabiak Oabolike Goldsbobough, youngest child of John and Anna 
M. Chamberlaine Goldsborough, Was born in 1815, and married, in 1837, 
Dr. Alward McKeel White, and had eight children, viz : Anna Maria, who 
died in 1839 ; Henrietta Maiia, (who married, in 1867, Mr. Henry Chamber- 
laine, of " Richmond Hill," near Perryyille, Cecil county, Maryland, and had 
four children, viz : Caroline G., Alward White, Robert Lloyd, and Fannie 
Chamberlaine) ; Sally White, who married Dr. Carter, of Virginia, who died 
in 186- ; John G. White, who married ; Caroline, Anna Maria, 

Fanny, and Charles White. 

RoBEBT Lloyd, son of John and Anna Maria Chamberlaine Golds- 
borough, was born in 1810, took Holy Orders in 18 — , and had charge of St. 
John's Church at Havre-de-Grace, St. Ann's at Elkton, and is now (1880) 
rector of St. Barnabas' Church in Burlington, New Jersey. He married, in 
1836, Miss Fannie Miller, a great-niece of Rt Rev. William White, Bishop of 
Pennsylvania, and had children, viz : Alexander Miller, who married Miss 
Carrie'——, of Middletown, Delaware, and has children ; Alfred, rector of 
Christ's Church, Warwick, New York, who married ; John, Wil- 
liam Miller, who married Fannie , and had children ; Henry Cham- 
berlaine Goldsborough, and Charles B. Goldsborough, who married, in 1878, 
Nora Winter, niece of Mr. Howes Goldsborough, of "Galloway," near 
Easton, Maryland. 

Hon. Henby Hollyday Goldsbobough, son of John and Anna Maria 
Chamberlaine Goldsborough, was born June 22, 1817, and has been a promi- 
nent politician. In 1857, he was elected by the Democrats to the House of 
Delegates of Maryland, and, in 1859, by the same party to the Senate of 
Maryland, and, in 1861, was made president of that honorable body; in 1863, 
he was commandant of the military post near Easton, Maryland, with the 
rank of brigadier-general, and had command of the militia of the Eastern 
Shore of Maryland called into the service of the United States; in 1863, he 
was comptroller of the treasury of Maryland ; in 186^ president of the con- 
vention which framed a Constitution for the State, and, in the same year, was 
made Judge of the Eleventh Judicial Court, vice Judge Carmichael, and 
served three years ; in 1874, he was appointed United States Appraiser of 
Merchandise at and for the port of Baltimore, which position he now 
holds (1880). 

He married, on January 25, 1853, Anna Maria Eennard, of Easton, and 


had children, riz : Henry Hollyday, born November 8, 1853, died July 20, 
1854 ; Samuel Kennard, born October 31, 1855, died in July, 1856 ; Louis 
Piper, Anna Maria, Elizabeth Kennard, Mary Hammond, Charles Car- 
roll, and John WHittingham Goldsborongh, born July 15, 1868, died July 
31, 1868. Mrs. Goldsborongh died on July 31, 1868. and on June 1, 1871, 
Mr. Goldsborongh married Miss Kate Haly Caldwell, of Lynn, Massachu- 
setts, and had children, viz : Kate, Henry Caldwell, who died August 30, 
1874; Anita, Marguerite, and Grace Barclay Goldsborongh, born January 
1, 1880. 

Akka Maria, eldest daughter of Judge Goldsborongh, married, in June, 
1878, Mr. Frank Tapley, of Massachusetts, and had a daughter. Marguerite 


Habbiet Rebeooa, youngest daughter of Samuel and Henrietta Maria 
Hollyday Chamberlaine, was born at "Bonfield" in January, 1785, and 
married in 1813 her cousin, Mr. Ijevin Gale, son of Hon. George Gale (who 
was a member of the first Congress held under the Constitution of the 
United States), and Miss Anna Maria Hollyday, of " Eatcliffe Manor." Mr. 
Levin Gale died in 1836, leaving four children, viz: Henrietta Maria, born 
in 1814; Samuel Chamberlaine, Levin, and George Lyttleton Gale who 
died in 1854. 

Samubl Chambeblaine Gale, son of Levin and Harriet C. Gale, 
married in 1856 Mrs. Elizabeth Morton Jenkins, and died in 186-, leaving 
four children, viz : John Morton, George Lyttleton, Henry, and Bessie Gale. 

Leyik Gale, son of Levin and Harriet Chamberlaine Gale, was a dis- 
tinguished member of the Baltimore Bar, married in 1857 Miss Sally 
Dorsey, of Howard county, and died of consumption in 1874. They had seven 
children, viz: Levin, who died in 1877; Dorsey, who died in 1879; Warren, 
Charles, Samuel Chamberlaine, William Collins, and Harriet Rebecca Gale. 

Mrs. Harriet Gale died at ^^ Brookland '^ in 1846, and was buried beside 
her husband in the churchyard of the little chapel which was built mainly 
by her unwearied efforts in collecting funds for its erection. The points in 
the lovely character of this lady were striking to all, in and out of the family. 
In personal appearance she was tall, a sprightly brunette, with dark eyes, and 
very unlike her sister, Mrs. Kerr, who was exceedingly fair. 



Sabah IJoLiiTDAYy fourth daughter of Samuel and Henrietta Maria 
HoUyday Chamberlainey was born on March Slst, 1781, and married on 
April 8fch, 1801, Mr. John Leeds Kerr, son of David Kerr (who came from 
Scotland and settled in Talbot county), and Bachel Bozman, a sister of John 
Leeds Bozman, the historian of Maryland. David Kerr held many promi- 
nent positions in Maryland, and was a member of the Legislature in 1793. 

Mr. Johk Leeds Kerb was born at Greenbury's Point, near Annapolis, 
in 1780, was a graduate of St. John's College at Annapolis, the class orator 
there, and in 1798 delivered the valedictory. He represented Talbot county 
in the House of Delegates and Senate of Maryland, was three times in the 
House of Bepresentatives, and a member of the Senate from 1841 to 1843. 

The children of Hon. John Leeds Kerr and Sarah Hollyday Ohamber- 
lainewere: John Bozman, born in 1809; Henrietta Maria, Samuel Cham* 
berlaine, Rachel Ann, Sophia Leeds, David, and Arther Kerr, who died in 
18 — . These children were born in Easton in the house on Aurora street 
now owned and occupied by Mr. Powell. Mrs. Kerr generally accompanied 
her husband to Washington, where she shone a brilliant star in the social 
firmament, and with her thoroughly furnished mind, familiar with all the 
topics of the day, fully sustained herself when her guests were men, some of 
thent of marked distinction and repute. Years after she had ^'passed away'* 
her name was mentioned at sach times and circumstances as to warrant a 
perfect and abiding faith in her ranking among those who '^ shall be mine on 
that day when I make up my jewels, saith the Lord of Hosts." 

Mrs. Sally Kerr died on April 20th, 1820, and Mr. Kerr married on 
October 30th, 1828, Miss Elizabeth Greenbury Goldsborough, daughter of 
Governor Charles Goldsborough and his first wife, Elizabeth Goldsborough, of 
" Myrtle Grove," and had three children, viz: Eliza Goldsborough, Charles 
Goldsborough Kerr (who married in 1867 Miss Ella Johnson, a daughter of 
Hon. Beverdy Johnson, of Baltimore, and had four children, viz: Mary 
Bowie, Ella Johnson, Charles Goldsborough, and Eeverdy Johnson Kerr), 
and Edward Leeds Kerr, who married first (in 1862) Miss Fannie Alexander 
(who died in 1865, leaving a daughter, Eliza Goldsborough Kerr), secondly. 
Miss Nannie Hall, of Harford county. 

Hon. John Leeds Kerr died in February, 1844, and Mrs. Kerr in 1870, at 
the advanced age of 80 years. 



Sophia Leeds Kebb, eldest daughter of John Leeds and Sarah Hollyday 
Ghamberlaine Kerr, was born in Easton in 1802, and married in 1822 George 
Singletjn Leigh, of St Mary's county, and died in March, 1843. They lived 
at "Woodbury," near Leonardtown, and had children, viz: (three of whom 
died in infancy, viz: John Leeds, Harriet Ghamberlaine, and Laura Leigh); 
Sally, (born March 17th, 1824, died December 30th, 1842) ; Sophia Leeds, 
(born June 7th, 1825, married October, 1847, Mr. 0. 0. Spalding, and- died 
January, 1862, leaving eight children, two of whom died under age, Eliza 
Leigh, at Petersburgh, Canada, 1866, and George, in 1869, at the Maryland 
Agricultural College) ; Mary Spalding, Henrietta Kerr (who married in 1875 
Jlr. Eichard Hall, of Prince George's county, and has two children, Bichard 
and Mary Hall; Arthur Kerr, Charlotte Leigh, Charles Clement; and Sophia 
Leeds Spalding) ; Charlotte (who married in June, 1867, her brother-in-law, 
Mr. C. C. Spalding, his second wife, and has a daughter, Annie Kerr Spald- 
ing), and Miss Henrietta Maria Leigh. George Howell Leigh, son of George S. 
and Sophia Leeds Kerr Leigh, died unmarried in 1866 at Galveston, Texas; 
Arthur Kerr Leigh, their youngest son, found it "sweet to die for his 
country" at the same place, being on General Magruder's staff and Inspector 
General of the defence at Galveston at that time. * " He was," in the words 
of a friend, "beloved by all who knew him, and no officer of his rank made 
more reputation during the war. He commanded the left wing of his 
regiment at Corinth and lost his leg in that desperate fight. At the first 
appearance of the fever (yello«v fever), of which he died, he was urged by 
General Magruder to leave Galveston, saying * it would be no disparagement 
to one so disabled and noted for his courage,' but he refused to leave his post, 
and died a martyr to his high sense of honor." 

Mb. Geobge Sikqleton Leigh died in 1844. He was descended from 
an old English family of rank, the Leighs, of Stoneleigh Abbey. 



Hekbietta Maria, daughter of Hon. John Leeds Eerr and Sarah H. 
Ghamberlaine Kerr, was born in 18 — , married in 1832 General Tench 
Tilghman, of '^ Plimhimmon," near Oxford. General Tilghman was grand- 
son of Colonel Tilghman, Washington's aid-de-camp, a great great grand- 
son of James and Ann Grundy Lloyd, and fifth cousin of his wife, being also 
related through the Tilghmans. The county road formed the line of division 
between the two plantations, "Plinihimmon" and "Bonfield," making the 
two families almost one, and scarcely a day passed that there was not some 
interchange of kind words and friendly greetings, and on ^'company days " 
each would borrow of the other whatever was needed to add to the cheer or 
comfort of the guests. On one occasion only was there the least appearance 
of broken faith on either side in this respect, and the following lines will 
show how that ended, binding the ties of friendship even stronger than 

«« We wished to make a party, one day in fifty-one, 
And sent a note to Gen. T., * Come see it all well done,* 
And begged that he would lend us to add unto our flm 
Whate'er he had of china, glass, before the set of sun; 
A fowl or two, for * olio,' we wanted very much, 
For we had few that season and he had many such. 
The boy came back with nothing, save of glass, a dish or two. 
An ugly bird and * comp'lents, Miss, is all I's got for you.' 
All said * we'll never ask agaia nor go there any more,' 
Were sorry, too, for Gen. T. cime never near our doot 
For days and days. At last the * wrath he nursed to keep it warm ' 
Just spent itself, and soon we found * the spat ' had done no harm ; 
For Shakespeare made them friends once more, and happy as could be, 
By the lines on * Friendship ' that we sent * from truly yours T. T.' " 


When noble Shakespeare 's called in aid 
To heal a quarrel lately made, 
Traces of anger in my heart 
Spite of myself, from me depart. 
But still, before they all take flight, 
They urge me onward to show fight ; 
And since the usual methods fail 
To hit on head the proper nail. 
Since coldness and withdrawal too 
Of presence and of friendship true 
Have all the better pleased you. 
Why I some other way must choose • 
And summon the poetic Muse. 


You never did a party make, 
But I for you did trouble take — 
My finger's been in every pie 
From kitchen low to garret high, 
I've lent you every earthly thing, 
That's on the list of housekeeping, 
From bed and bolster down to snuffers, 
Tve also been the best of puffers. 
And did not think when I set out, 
To give unto my friends a rout. 
That you to aid us would decline 
To furnish aught to make me shine. 
I thought you would your utmost task 
To grant all favors I might ask. 

But, no I the smallest was refused. 
And what you sent was to be used 
With so much caution, that we ne'er 
Did touch one, but we felt a fear — 
The glasses, dishes, we were told 
" Were heirlooms that were very old." 
This had I only known before 
They never should have left your door ; 
But in my ignorance of things. 
Oh ! what regret it sometimes brings ! 
I'd lust as soon have called the hair broom 
As well as jelly glass an heirloom ! 
And the turkey, that we hoped to find 
The fattest one of all its kind. 
Was in condition truly lean, 
And poorer than we'd ever seen. 
And as we viewed it ofttimes o'er. 
The truth flashed on us more and more, 
That 'twas a bird of olden time. 
(Don'l think I put this in for rhyme), 
Alas ! we cried, what shall wc do ? 
The turkey is an heirloom too I 

General Tilghman was born in March, 1810; graduated at West Point, 
and while an officer in the United States army served with credit in the Black 
Hawk war. Mrs. Henrietta Maria Tilghman died of consumption of the 
lungs, at Savannah, Georgia, in December, 1849, leaving ten children and 
many friends to mourn her loss. " None knew her but to love her.'' The 
interment took place at Plimhimmon, and on the monument there erected to 
her memory by her loving husband one reads Proverbs xxxi, 28. 

Of. their ten children, six only are living, viz : Oswald Tilghman, a lawyer 
in Easton; Rosalie, (who married, in 1865, Mr. Shreve, of Montgomery 
county, who died in 1870, leaving two sons, Oswald and Arthur Shreve) ; 
Henrietta Kerr, (who married, in 1873, Mr. Burroughs, of Georgetown, and 



had two children, yiz : Eya Angela and Bichard Tilghman Burroughs) ; 
El]a Sophia Tilghman ; Margaret; and Sarah Chamberbdne Tilghman. 

Their eldest son. Tench Francis, married twice. By his first wife, Anna 
Ck)x, daughter of Dr. C. G. Cox, of Easton, he had three children, viz : Frank 
Mercer, Henrietta C^ and William Tilghman. By his second wife. Miss 
Elizabeth Camp, of Norfolk, Virginia, he had two children, Fanny and Tench 
Tilghman. Tench F. Tilghman died in 1867. (xenend Tilghman married, 
in 1851, his cousin. Miss Anna Maria Tilghman, of *^ Hope," and died in 
Baltimore, in December, 1874. Plimhimmon was sold in 1868 to a Mr. Cald- 
well, of Lynn, Massachusetts. 

Bachel Aior, (so named in honor of her two grandmothers, Bachel Leeds 
Bozman and Ann Grundy Lloyd), the youngest daughter of Hon. Leeds Kerr 
and Sarah Hollyday Chamberlaine Kerr, was born in 1814, (and is better 
known as "Cousin Acy," a name given her by her baby brother, who could 
not say Bachel), and married, in 1842, Mr. John H. Done, of Somerset county, 
of a generation on his father's and mother's side, established for many genera- 
tions in that county. In 1855, Mr. Done was appointed engineer and manager 
on the Illinois Central Bailroad, and removed to Chicago. Previous to that 
time, he was for two terms a member of the Maryland Legislature. In 1856, 
while superintending the departure of a Western train of cars, he met with 
an accident, by which he lost his life in a few hours. Mrs. Done left Chicago 
and settled in Princeton, New Jersey. John, her eldest son, died in 1864. 

Josiah Bayley, her second son, graduated at Medical College, and took 

his degree of M.D. in 1867. His health failing in America, he thought to 
try the climate of Japan, where it improved, and he had a fair prospect of 
professional success. He married in Japan a Miss Carrie Baker, of New 
York, and died in 1869, without children Mrs. Done, with her third son, 
William H., and only daughter, Charlotte, are residents of New York City. 

Of the four sons of Hon. John Leeds and Sarah H. Chamberlaine Kerr, 
Arthur died in early manhood, and David, the sole survivor, is an agricultu- 
rist in Virginia, on a farm in Bichmond county belonging to one of the "Bon- 
field '' family. Samuel Chamberlaine Kerr, their second son, was educated for the 
ministry at the General Theological Seminary in New York, and was ordained 
deacon in 18 — , and priested in 18 — , had charge of parishes in Prince 
George's and Montgomery counties, and was assistant to Bev. Dr. Leeds at 
St Peter's Church in Philadelphia. In each and all his pastoral relations 
he won the interest and love of his people by his earnestness and zeal in 
^' winning souls to Christ." He lead a blameless life, and his death of consump- 
tion in 1861 found him patiently waiting for the stern messenger. He died 
at the residence of his sister, Mrs. Done, in Princeton, and his remains were 
brought to Talbot, and placed in the family burial ground at Belleville. 

JoHK BozHAK Kebb, eldest son of Hon. John Leeds and Sarah Holly- 
day Chamberlaine Kerr, from whose manuscripts this family "genesis" is 
transcribed, was born in March, 1809, and graduated at Harvard University 


in 1830. Among his class-mat^s and many warm friends, were Oliver 
Wendell Holmes, "the Poet of the North; " Hon. Chas. T. Sumner and John 
Qsborn Sargent. In 1830 Mr. Kerr was required to compare the respective 
merits of Alexander, CsBsar, Cromwell, and Bonaparte, and one of the dis- 
putants was Mr. Sumner. A brother of Mr. Sargent, through his influence, 
was appointed Surveyor-General of Iowa. Years after, when Mr. Kerr had 
quite forgotten this kind act on his part^ it so happened that he, with others, 
was invited to inspect the first bridge over the Mississippi river at Davenport, 
where Mr. Sargent resided. Having in remembrance the friendly act, 
Mr. Sargent took advantage of this opportunity to prove his gratitude by 
insisting that Mr. Kerr and his nephew, John H. Done, should make his 
house their home during their stay in the city, and had their luggage moved 

On leaving college in 1834, Mr. Kerr took a trip " for pleasure and for 
information," to the West Indies and Cuba; qualified for the bar a few years 
later, and settled in Easton to practice his profession in. Talbot and the 
adjoining counties. In 1850, being elected to Congress, he went to Wash- 
ington and took his seat as a member of the House of Bepresentatives. The 
following year the interests of the government in Central America were 
intrusted to him, and for nearly three years he "found mere existence in a 
tropical climate a positive pleasure,'* and now, in 1875, "excellent as is this 
of Washington, I begin to yearn for a change." 

The civil dissensions in Nicaragua soon ripened into flagrant war between 
the different factions, and on one occasion, Mr. Kerr was called upon to act 
in such a manner as to allay all asperities, and yet give no just cause of 
offence. For several months, August, September, October and November, 
1851, Leqn, his official residence was in the hands of revolutionary leaders, 
and two well appointed armies were investing it. After its capitulation under 
suggestions from Mr. Kerr, the evidences of the armistice and capitulation by 
the General-in-Chief, Jose Trinidad Munoz, were destroyed, and attempts 
followed to reach the lines of him, his affairs, and men. Mr. Kerr steadily 
set his face against the so-called revolution, but humanity required him i<rith 
his full knowledge of the guarantees of liberty and life to all concerned to 
interpose. At considerable risk, and with the United States flag in his 
hands, he placed himself in the prisons, and after intimations of military 
executions from the General-in-Chief of the government forces of Nicaragua, 
and the auxiliary general of Honduras, all were released. 

In 1853, on leaving the country, the Legislative Chambers endorsed the 
sentiments of an official paper from the Exebutive giving him thanks and 
expressions of gratitude for the course he pursued. In the ranks of General 
Mufioz, there were many Americans, liable of course (but for his action), to 
the penalties of treason, and these were saved. The official correspondence 
iu regard to this matter, is in the State Department at Washington, and 
while many of his communications in regard to the "Webster-Crampton'' 


project', are published in ■ Executive Documents, the incidents in connection 
with the rescue of these persons have not reached the public eye. 

Mr. Kerr, in 1864, received the following letter from the Prussian 
Ambassador to the United States. He had been asked by Baron Oerolt to 
give his opinion in regard to Prussian marriage laws with the United States, 
which opinion was so satisfactory that a request was made of Mr. Kerr to 
have it published in the law Journals of Berlin. 

Pbubsian Legation, WasliiDgtoD, March 1, 1864. 

Mt Dsab.Sib— It affords me pleasure to infonn you that His Majesty's Minister of 
Ecclesiastical Affairs and of Public Instruction, to whom I sent your interesting memo- 
randum on the marriage laws in the United States, has requested me to present to you in 
his name, a China Vase, with pictures from the Royal china manufactory at Berlin, as a 
token of his acknowledgment for the said memoranda. This Vase having been sent and 
addressed to me at New York, I have directed that the box containing the same, after 
having passed the Custom House, should be forwarded according to your verbal instruc- 
tions to A. Schumacher & Co., N. 9 S. Charles SL^ Baltimore, at your disposal. 

Having been requested at the same time, by tlie aforesaid Minister, to furnish to him 
authentic copies of the laws of all the States of the American Union, relating to mar- 
riages, yon would oblige me very much by advising me in what way I might accomplish 
that object as soon as practicable. I am my dear sir, with high consideration 

Your obedient servant. 
Me. KiBBR, Washington, D. C. FRED^K GEROLT. 

"From the Leeds Family Bible" of 1599, the following record is taken: 

"Wednesday, October 24, 1849, John Bozman Kerr and Lucy Hamilton 
Stevens, were married at Christ Church, Easton, Maryland, Eev. Henry 
Mason, D; D., Bector thereof, officiating. Our first child, a little daughter, 
her mother's namesake, Lucy Hamilton Kerr, was born at the City of Wash- 
ington, on Sunday, February 9, 1851, during the session of Thirty-First 
Congress, in which as one of the body, I represented the counties of Talbot, 
Somerset and Worcester, on the Eastern Shore of Maryland, the then Sixth 
Congressional district. 

" At House of the United States Legation, Leon de Nicaragua, on Palm 
Sunday, March 20, 1853, John Bozman Kerr, my second child and my name- 
sake was born. He died at Baltimore of scarlet fever, on January 28, 1857. 
*God only knows what manner of man he would have been. We but know 
thou wert a rare child.' 

"Leeds Olayborne Kerr was born at * Beech Hill,' near Baltimore, on 
Saturday, July 21, 1855. The addition of Olayborne to his family patronymic 
of Leeds is suggestive of his hold on early Maryland history. Captain Wm. 
Leeds and Captain Clayborne here on the Chesapeake in 1629, before the 
charter of Lord Baltimore. A life of Clayborne will be written showing 
how strong a person among cotemporaries he was (Colonel Clayborne, Com- 
missioner with Eichard Bennett and Edward Lloyd under Oliver Cromwell), 
and much misunderstood through the interested writers of his day. By 
somewhat of a coincidence. Master Leeds Clayborne is in descent (through 

EERR-TILGHiiAN. • ^ 77 

his father's mother, Mrs. Sarah HoUyday Kerr, of Talbot county, Maryland) 
from this County Commissioner of Olayborne under Grdi&well, Edward 
Lloyd, whose son. Colonel Phileman Lloyd, married the widow of Bichard ' 
Bennett (son of R. Bennett, the other named in Cromwell's Commission), and 
whose grandson was James Lloyd, of * Wye,' in Talbot county, the father of 
Mrs. Henrietta Maria Chamberlaine, wife of Hon. Samuel Chamberlaine, of 
Oxford, Maryland. r ., 

" Abthitr Dickens Kerr, whose middle name Dickens is derived from 
his maternal relatives in London (Mrs. Lucy Dickens Stevens being his great 
grandmother), was born at HoUins street, Baltimore, on January 10, 1858. 

" Mare Briqkbll Kerr was born at St. Michaels, Maryland, on June 
28th, 1860. The Brickell is suggestive of his maternal grandmother's family 
of Hertford county, North Carolina. In Wheeler's, or any social history of 
that State, he will see worthy mention made of Colonel Mathias Brickell, his 
mother's maternal great grandfather. 

*^ Henrietta Maria Kerr was born at St. Michaels, Maryland, on January 
Ist., 1863. This little lady, named of the daughter of Henry IV., of France, 
and wife of Cbaries I, of England, under regular sequence in a family 
genesis, is bright and promising by general consent in and out of the family. 

*' Halbert Stevens Kerr, born at St. Michaels, January 3d, 1865, bearing 
his mother's maiden name. 

" EuTH Leeds Kerr was born at Washington, D. C, on January 9th, 1870. 
She has her name from Mrs. Euth Leeds, wife of Edward Leeds, and mother 
of John Leeds, who came to this Province of Maryland in 1688. 

" Kenneth Chamberlaine Kerr was born at Washington on March 
13th, 1868. He bears the name of his paternal grandmother's family. 

" Sarah Covington Kerr was born at Washington on April 3dy 187^, 
having a romantic legend conijected with her name, also derived from the 
family of her paternal grandmother.'' 

MARRIED.— At the residence of her parents, October 14th, 1874, Lucy Hamiltok 
Kerb and George A. Armes, captain lOtli Cavalry, U. S. A. Their eldest daughter, 
Cecelia Harrold Armes, was born on August 1st, 1875. Their second daughter, Ethel 
Marie Armes, was born on December 1st, 1876. Their first son, George Kerr Annes, was 
born on October 7th, 1878, at Fort Stockton, Texas. 

On his return from South America Mr. Kerr settled at St. Michaels, 
Maryland, until 1869, when, being appointed a solicitor in the Court of 
Claims at Washington, D. C, he removed his family to that city, where, on 
January 21st, 1878, after a few hours' illness of "Angina pectoris," he entered 
into the rest of Paradise. 

" How are the mighty fallen ! We are distressed for thee our brother — 
very pleasant hast thou been to us." 

Mr. Kerr's ancestral relations and close connection with leading men of 
colonial times would ensure him every respect from the world at large, had 


not hU own merits and literary attainments and uncommon talents as a 
genealogist bronght him into notice and correspondence with men from every 
State in the Union. His pnblic duties carried him almost throughout the 
length and breadth of the land, and daily intercourse with intelligent men^ 
his fellow citizens and foreigners, placed him in a position to be the peer of 
any and all whom he encountered. 

On Saturday, January 25thy in the family burial ground at Belleyille^ 
the old Bozman homestead in Talbot county, his remains are reverently laid 
beside those of his loved parents and son. 

^ He is gone, but he has not been among us in vain. W,e have noc lost 
him altogether, for he has left behind him a standard of integrity which all 
would do well to emulate." 

Washington, D. C, Feb. 6th, 1878. 

Madam :--I have the honor to transmit you the following reaolations, passed at a 
meeting held in this office January 30th, 1878 ; also a report of its proceedings. Allow 
me to express for myself my own regret at the loss of an associate so universally accom- 
plished and beloved as your late husband. 

I am very respectfully yours, 

fifBS. J. B. Kebb. * Secretary, 

Office of the Auditob of the Tbbabubt 

Fob the Post Office Dbpabtment, 

Washington, January dOtfa, 1878. 

At a meeting held in this office on above date, Hon. J. M. McGrew having been 
called to preside as chairman, made the following remarks in stating the object of the 

" We have met to-day to give public expression to our appreciation of the character 
and public services of our late Solicitor, Hon. John Bozman Kerr, whose sudden death 
has deprived his family of a kind husband and father, and the Department of an honest 
and conscientious officer. His long career of usefulness as a member of our National 
Conf2;ress, as U. S. Minister to Central America, and as Assistant Solicitor of the Court of 
Claims is known to us all. At the ripe age of threescore years and ten be has been called 
from earth, from its cares and its responsibilities* Let it be ours to imitate his example 
by a faithful discharge of our duties to the Government, so that it may be said of each 
of us as we now say of him—* he was a true man in all the relations of life.' 

" On motion, a committee was appointed as follows : 

•* B. J. EVANS, 

who reported the following resolutions, which were unanimously adopted : 

" Whebeas, The employees of the Office of the Auditor of the Treasury for thjB 
Post Office Department desire' to give expression to their sincere regret for the loss 
which they have sustained in the sudden death, on Sunday morning, January 27th, 1878, 
of Hon. J. B. Kerr ; therefore, be it 


**Retoit)edt That we who were so loDg and pleasantly associated with him, hereby 
express our appreciation of his high character as a public officer, his merits as an accom- 
plished scholar, and his virtues as a man. Judge Kerr was known as a deep student, a 
well-read lawyer and an agreeable and instructive companion. 

^^BeicH/oedy That to his family, who have been called to mourn the loss of an affectionate 
husband and father, we tender our heartfelt svmpathy iu their bereavement. 

^^Beiolved^ That a copy of these resolutions be transmitted to the family of the 
deceased, and also that a report of the proceedings be furnished for publication. 

(Signed) « W. H. QUKNISON, Secretary r 

Extract from the minutes of the Executive Committee of the American 
Colonization Society at a stated meeting held in Washington, D. C, 
February 1st, 1878: 

^ Whebbab, The Executive Committee are called to mourn the sudden death, on the 
27th ultimo, of Hon. John B. Kerr, a lifelong friend of the great cause in which they are 
engaged, and for the past fifteen years a member of this body ; therefore 

^^Be9okedt That this committee will cherish an abiding remembrance of his honoiuble, 
intelligent and faithful service, and of that sterling integrity, exalted virtue and gentle 
manly bearing which distinguished the character ot their departed associate. 

*^Be9ok)ed, That we express our warm sympathy with the family of the deceased in 

their great bereavement. 

"A true copy. Attest:— 

** February 1st, 187H. " Cor. See. A. 0. 8^ 

In JIEFmopiam* 


At a meeting held January 30th, 1878, at the office of the 
"Auditor of the Treasury for the Post Office Department," the 
following preamble and resolutions were adopted: 

Whereas, The employees of the " Office of the Auditor of the 
Treasury for the Post Office Department" desire to give expres- 
sion to their sincere regret for the loss they have sustained in 
.the sudden death on Sunday morning, January 27fch, 1878, of 
Hon". John Bozman Keer, therefore be it 

Resolvedy That we who were so long and pleasantly associated 
with him, hereby express our appreciation of his high character 
as a public officer, his merits as ^n accomplished scholar and his 
virtues as a man. Judge Kerr was known as a deep student, a 
well-read lawyer, and an agreeable and instructive companion. 

Resolvedy That to his family who have been called to mourn 
the loss of an affectionate husband and father, we tender our 
heartfelt sympathy in their bereavement 

Resolvedy That a copy of these resolutions be transmitted to 
the family of the deceased, and also that a report of the proceed- 
ings be furnished for publication. 

Attest: J. M. McGEEW, Chairman. - 

W. H. Gunnison, Secretary 





In Oxford Neck, Talbot county, Maryland, at " Belleville,*' on lands for 
many years held by the Boznians and Kerrs, there is a marble monument 
dedicated to Hon. John Leeds Kerr, and an obelisk, which marks the spot * 
where his grandson, John Bozman Kerr, Jr., was buried in 1857. 

Inscription on west side of die, or lower block : 

This Memorial of 

A Beloved Child, with Sure 

Tokens of Manliness of Soul, 

Has been Set at the Foot of his 

Grandmother's Grave. 

And it will Suggest, after 38 Years, 

Hopes, Too Soon Blighted, 

With Womanly Virtues, Well Tested, 

In the Character of 

Sarah Hollyday Kerr, 

Daughter of Samuel Chamberlaine, 

And Wife of John Leeds Kerr, 

Born at Boon's Creek Plantation 

March 3l8t, 1781, 

Died at Easton, Maryland, 

April 1st, 1820. 

Chamberlaine, of Oxford, Maryland, from 1714, and of Saughall Magna, 
Shortwick parish, Cheshire, England, from 1334, 7th of Edward IIL, and 
from Little Barrow, Cheshire, 1066. 

On south side of die : 

Here are Placed the Remains of 

John Bozman Kerr, Jr., 

2d Child of John Bozman and 

Lucy Hamilton (Stevens) Kerr; 

Born, without Loss of Citizenship, 

At House of United States Legation, 

Leon de Nicaragua, Central America, 

On Palm Sunday, March 20th, 1853, 

And Died at Baltimore, Maryland, 

January 28th, 1857. 

*' Quis desiderio sit pudor, aut modus tarn chari capitis." 

On base of obelisk, this side : 

Stevens of Florida, now U. S. from 1817, 
And before of London, England. 

East side of die : 




Colonel Thomas Bozman, son of John Bozman and grandson of William 
Bozman (the last named among the early Protestant settlers on^ the Chesa- 
peake in 1627-29, before the charter of Lord Baltimore), marked this place 
for his family. 

Eachel Leeds Bozman Kerr, wife of David Kerr, and John Leeds Boz- 
man, children of John Bozman (son of Colonel Thomas Bozman, who, with 
his wife, Lucretia Leeds Bozman, eldest child of John Ijeeds), lie here. 

Samuel Chamberlaine, third son of Samuel and Henrietta Maria Cham- 
berlaine, was bot'n at "Bonfield" in 1790, and married in 1814 Miss Ariana 
Worthington Davis, (born in 1795,) of Cambridge, Maryland, and had six 
children born at " Clora's Point," their home on Island Creek and Choptank 
river. This farm was part of the tract of 3,000 acres granted to Edward 
Llyod, the immigrant, called "Hyer Dyer Thryer" (the Welch for Lloyd's 
Long Line), and coming to Hon. Samuel Chamberlaine, of " Plaindealing," 
through his wife, Henrietta Maria Lloyd, a granddaughter of the immigrant, 
was given to Mrs. John Leeds Kerr by her father, Samuel Chamberlaine, of 
" Bonfield," and exchanged by Mr. Kerr for other lands near Easton. This 
farm was, sold out of the family in 1875. Mr. Chamberlaine died of a bilious 
fever, on June 28th, 1828, and was buried at " Bonfleld." His widow, surviving 
him seven years, died also of bilious fever, on September Cth, 1835, leaving 
six children. Marion Ann, their eldest daughter, born in 1815, married on 
January 28th, 1845, Mr. William Trippe, of " Waverley," in Island Creek 
Neck, and had three children, viz : John Heron Trippe, (born in December, 

1845, married Miss , and has one son) ; Henrietta Maria Trippe and 

Samuel C. Trippe, M.D., of Royal Oak, Md. Mrs. Marion Trippe, died of 
consumption in March 1864. 

Henrietta Mabia, second daughter of Samuel and Ariana Chamberlaine, 
born in 1817, married on June 12th, 1838, Mr. George Archer Thomas, of 
Cecil county, and settled at " Rockland," in Harford county, and had one 
daughter, Nannie Thomas. Mr. Thomas died of consumption of the lungs 
in 1840, and was buried at " Bonfield." Mrs. Thomas and her daughter reside 
in Baltimore. 

William Muse, son of Samuel and Ariana Chamberlaine, was born in 
1822, and died unmarried, in 1861, at Columbia, Texas. 

William Samuel Chamberlaike, eldest son of Samuel and Ariana 
Worthington Chamberlaine, was born in 1819, married in 1847, Miss Eliza- 
beth Dickinson, and settled at the homestead, " Clora's Point," where their 
eight children were born, four of whom survived their parents, viz : Samuel, 
who died in 1870, aged 21 years; William, Joseph Ennals Muse and Bertha 
Chamberlaine. Mr. Chamberlaine died in 1866, and his widow surviving him 
but one year, died in 1867. Their remains were interred at the cemetery 
near Trappe, but removed to the churchyard, at Easton, in 1870. 


Margaret Anka Maria, third daughter of Samuel and Ariana Worthing- 
ton Davis Chamberlaine, born at "Olora's Point" in 1824, married on January 
27fch, 1855, her cousin, James Lloyd Chamberlaine, of "Bonfield," and had 
seven children, viz : James Lloyd, born November, 1855, died in Baltimore 
on February 14th, 1871; Margaret Robins, Henry, Samuel, Anna Maria, 
Marion and Sarah Lempriere, born September 1868, died August 1870. 

Joseph Ennals Muse Chamberlaine, M. D., youngest son of Samuel 
and Ariana Worthington Chamberlaine, was born at "Clora's Point" in 
1826, studied medicine, took his degree at the University of Maryland in 
1850, and settled at Easton, where, on January 14, 1851, he married his 
cousin. Miss Elizabeth Bullitt Hay ward, and had children, viz : Thomas 
Robins, born in November 1851, died December 1851, Marion or May, born 
in 1855, died in 1857; Joseph Ennals Muse, born in 1858 and Elizabeth 
Bullitt Chamberlaine, born June 1853, who married in October 1875, a Mr. 
Hayward, from Cambridge, and had one son, Joseph Chamberlaine Hayward. 

Mrs. Elizabeth Bullitt Hayward Chamberlaine, died in 1861, and 
on June 19th, 1866, Dr. Chamberlaine married his cousin, Miss Sarah Catherine 
Earle, of Centreville, Maryland. Though not in the Chamberlaine genesis, it 
will not be out of place to mention in connection with the " Clora's Point " 
family, their relatives Mr. Levin H. Campbell and his sisters, Miss Anne and 
Miss Levina D. Campbell, the adopted children of Mrs. Ariana Chamberlaine, 
who were loved and claimed by the "BonfieW family as of their "own 
people," and of whom nothing could be said that was not " lovely and of good 
report" "None knew them but to love them, none named them but to praise." 
Mr. Campbell married in 18S5, Miss Mary Jones, of Washington county, and 
his exemplary life was brought to a sudden close in 1869. He left three sons, 
viz: Levin, Milton, Clarence, and one daughter, Mary. Miss Anna Campbell 
married in 18 — y Dr. James Winfield Henry, of Cambridge, and had children, 
Levin C, James Winfield, John, Charles, Daniel and Nannie Henry. 

Hekry Chamberlaine, second son of Samuel and Henrietta Maria 
HoUyday Chamberlaine, born in 1788 at "Bonfield," married in 1816, 
his cousin, Miss Henrietta Elizabeth Gale, of Cecil county, and lived at 
"Richmond Hill," near Perryville, whero were born their seven children, 
viz: Henry, (who married in 1838, Miss Mary Ann Chambers, of Kent 
county, Maryland, and had three children, viz : Esther Nicholson, Henry 
Eichmond, M. D., and Henrietta Elizabeth Chamberlaine, who became the 
first wife of Dr. James Bordley of Centreville, and died in 1868; Mrs. Mary 
Ann Chamberlaine died in 1865, and Mr. Chamberlaine married in 1867, Miss 
Henrietta M. White, and had four children, viz: Caroline, Alward, Eobert 
Lloyd and Fannie), Anna Maria, Henrietta Maria, who died in 1836, Samuel 
Lloyd, George Gale (who married in 1850, Miss Margaret Gunther of Phila- 
delphia, and had four sons, viz : Harry, a student of divinity at Annandale, 
N". Y. ; George Gale, Alfred Miller, and Lloyd Chamberlaine) ; George Anna 
Elizabeth, who married on July 16th, 1874, Rev. William Murphy, of Deia- 


ware, and Sally Rebecca Ohamberlainc, who married in 1850, Rev. Richard 
Whittingham, only brother of the Bishop of Maryland, and had five children, 
viz : William Henry, Helen Winifred, Richard, George Herbert and Anna 
Lonisa Whittingham. 

Mrs. Henrietta E. Gale Chamberlaine died in 1851, and her husband sur- 
viving her thirteen years, died on December 30th, 1863, while on a visit to 
his nephew, James Lloyd Chamberlaine, in Talbot county. " An Israelite 
indeed in whom was no guile." 

James Lloyd Chamberlaine, eldest son of Samuel and Henrietta Maria 
Hollyday Chamberlaine, was born at "Bonfield," on Tuesday, August 30th, 
1785, and after preparation at the schools in Easton, when Rev. Mr. McGuire 
ceased to be his tutor at home, graduated with " blushing honors," at Prince- 
ton College, in 1805. His father being beyond all else most interested in the 
progress of the Church of England faith, clear in his convictions of duty to 
that Church, and venturing boldly to oppose what he called schism in the 
reform of Mr. Wesley, it seems strange and even inconsistent that he should 
select Princeton for his son's Alma Mater. But so sound a churchman 
regarding the Church's admonition as law to him, and his own vows at the 
baptism of his children, as even more binding- than his oaths to his earthly 
Sovereign (the King of England), had at an early age brought them to the 
bishop " to be confirmed by him, as soon as they could say the Creed, the 
Lord's Prayer and the Ten Commandments." Clad in this armor, his son had 
nothing to fear from the counter influence at a Presbyterian College, and 
returned home unscathed and no doubt strengthened in his belief that " the 
Church is the pillar and ground of the truth." That he should minister 
at the altar was his father's earnest desire, but the ministry would have been 
entirely out of the vocation of a man whose passionate love of music and 
exquisite skill on the violin, together with his unequalled social wit, totally 
unfitted him for the sacred calling. This strongly developed musical taste 
faced the vulgar prejudice against instrumental additions to church services, 
and had its influence in deviating him from the ministry. Had the angel 
Gabriel been pictured with a violin in lieu of the conventional trumpet, he 
would have continued under ban. We thus see how this conscientious 
and scholarly man missed a bishopric, and let a college companion of his at 
Princeton, (Mr. Christopher Hughes, of Maryland,) also playing on the vio- 
lin as a gentlemanly accomplishment, go ahead, and become a diplomatist, to 
hobnob year after year with the King of Sweden, and interchange (when 
prim courtiers were not overbearing,) a "Republican Kit for a Royal Oscar." 
Had his father's views been carried out by this, his eldest son, the House of 
Bishops would have been more secure in his hands than in those of many 
other ecclesiastics, Bishop Polk, for one. 

. On leaving college Mr. Chamberlaine did his future great injustice bj^ j 
settling down on his farm, with no effort to push forward in some business N^ 
pursuit beyond farming and planting, A spice of the enterprise that brought ^ 


his grandfather and great ancle to America in 1714, would haye saved the 
Ohio lands in which his father had so largely invested some years back. His 
brother-in-law, Mr. Levin Gale, made some effort to recover these lands but 
failed to do so, and it is not now known where they are located and why all 
active interest in them was abandoned. 

Soon after his father's death (in 1811,) Mr. Ghamberlaine and his brother, 
Lloyd, by an arrangement with their mother, came into joint possession of 
the homestead, though the elder was the head of the bachelor establishment. 
"Peck's Point" and other lands were sold to raise an annuity of $1,200 for their 
mother, who gave up her home to end her days with her younger children in 
Cecil county. 

It was the habit of their father in the commercial fashion of the first of 
the name to keep his business diary, and his sons readily fell into it, closing 
the day with a regular statement of the work done, in the name of each hand 
on the farm to whom it had been assigned in the morning. This diary gave 
accurately the wind and the weather, and in the course of successive years put 
on the guise of practical science. A family in Philadelphia began a similar 
diary in the year 1700, and it was surprising on looking over the detail from 
year to year to note the current fallacies of the day. Could Mr. Chamber- 
laine have been induced to make every month, a summary of the interesting 
matter brought under his knowledge, and even to epitomize the philosophical 
speculation of Mr. Bobert Walsh, of Philadelphia, the ablest statist of the 
day, .with his own glosses and comments, a record of this kind would have 
become in such hands as his, a repository of our social and political history. 
As it is, these diaries might be available for the Signal Corps, so far as the 
Chesapeake waters are in question, and might do even in the weather items 
an immepse deal of good. 

As one of the best educated men of his day, and a general favorite because 
of his social wit and special familiarity with the institutions and form of 
government, few went ahead of Mr. Chamberlaine,.and could circumstances 
have allowed one of his modesty to seek preferment in public life, neither 
Maryland nor the whole country would have been wronged. "Bonfield" 
was a very attractive place both before and after his marriage, especially so 
at table, when the two brothers and General Lloyd formed the party. The 
conversations sustained by such men was fully equal to a lecture either 
from Teakle Wallis or Charles Sumner. 

General James Lloyd, a grandson of Edward and Sarah Covington 
Lloyd, was a frequent guest of the Chamberlaine brothers at " Bonfield," 
and a welcome one with his knowledge of the men and manners of his gene- 
ration. General Lloyd and the elder of the brothers were apt to diverge in 
their estimate of historical events and historical men, and when the discus- 
sion grew warm it was a pity there was no such thing thus early as steno- 
graphy. The younger brother in his quiet religious ways, was the best of 
moderators at all these post prandial discussions, and he generally had a fact 


to throw in commg from the extensive reading and memory of these very 
disputants, which in the heat of debate each had forgotten. 

Mr. Chamberlaine at the age of thirty-three, tired of his bachelor life (to 
use his own recorded words) "was to the great surprise of all my friends, 
who believed me to be a confirmed bachelor, married to my cousin, Miss 
Anna Maria Hammond," on May 18th, 1818. This lady, born on April 3rd, 
1797, was of the Hollyday genesis, the daughter of Mr. Nicholas Ham- 
mond and his second wife. Miss Eebecca Hollyday, of "Eatcliffe Manor." 
Her father was the well known attorney and counsellor-at-law, living in Eas- 
ton, but a native of the Island of Jersey, of a family settled for many genera- 
tions there. 

In reminiscences of family the pen can never be too discursive, arid were 
it otherwise the amiable character of this estimable relative would arrest and 
detain. With all the decided and even belligerent nature of her father, no 
human being could have been through all her life more gentle, " tender- 
hearted and forgiving." With perfect appreciation of all her excellent 
points of character, it would have been as well had the marriage of near 
relatives been rarer than it has been in the family, making it a social duty to 
settle in the same locality. With the exception of a son of Bobins Chamber- 
laine (James Lloyd by name,) Avho settled in Cincinnati, no member of the 
family has left the Eastern Shore since the coming of the merchant adven- 
turers, John and Samuel Chamberlaine, in 1714. Those of the name in Bal- 
timore and Delaware are not known to be of this genesis. Certainly not of 
the " Saughall " family of Cheshire, though the coat of arms and records of 
these families might prove their identity with those of Gloucestershire, Buck- 
inghamshire, and their close relationship to the Cheshire family. 


The name of this- family is Norman, of great antiquity, and was known 
in the Island of Jersey at a very remote period. Originally Hamon, it was 
changed to Hammond by the first of the name who settled in America, to 
distinguish it from Hamons, a very common name in parts of the island. 
Among the followers of Duke William the Conqueror were the Fitz-Hamons 
(fitz for fils, an application peculiar to the Normans), and the arms of the 
Fitz-Hamons in England and the Hammonds in Jersey are the same, viz: 
"A lion rampant, gardant, on an azure shield," 

NiciroLAs Hammond, born in Jersey, came to America in 1730, and in 
1732 married Many Dyer, the great granddaughter of Mary Dyer, the martyr. 
Their daughter, Mary Hammond, married Mr. Eidgely, and their only son, 
Nicholas Hammond, born in Philadelphia in 17—-, went to Jersey in 17 — , 


and married Miss Margaret Lerapriere, by whom he had two sons, James 
Lempriere (who married Miss Le Breton) and Nicholas Hammond, born in 
Jersey, on May 26th, 1758. In 1772 this youth of fourteen years of age was 
sent to his grandmother (whose second husband was Abraham Wyncoop, of 
Appoquinimy,) in Philadelphia, where he was educated for the law. Mr. 
Hammond never again saw his native island nor his "loved and honored 
parents," but his correspondence from the day that he touched the land of 
his adoption has been carefully preserved, also the portraits of his parents, 
which were sent to him by his brother from Jersey. His children inherited 
his love and reverence for everything connected with their father's home and 
family. For years before and after his death tliere was a constant inter- 
change of letters, and frequently tokens of affection in the way of boeks, 
fancy articles and engravings of the island came from Jersey, which were 
responded to by the American relatives. Though under English rule, 
French is the language of the island, but from their letters the family seem 
as familiar with our mother- tongue, and write well in both languages. 

The Queen's visit to her faithful subjects in 1S49 was a matter of great 
rejoicing, and the engravings represent many scenes relating to her arrival 
and reception on the island. 

Mr. Hammond qualified at the Philadelphia bar in 17 — , and married in 
1780 his cousin, Miss Sarah George, and began the practice of the law in Cam- 
bridge, Maryland, where his wife and child died in 1787. In 1789 he 
removed to Talbot county, and married in December, 1792, Miss Sebecca 
HoUyday, of "Katcliffe Manor." Their first home was in Easton, at the 
house so long occupied by Eev. I>r. Henry M. Mason, and there their three 
children were born, viz: Nicholas Hammond, Anna Maria, and Hebecca 
Hollyday Hammond. 

In 1808 Mr. Hammond bought a few acres near the town and built of red 
brick the L shaped house now standing, and called his place "St. Aubin," in 
honor of his native town. Mr. Hammond, though not demonstrative in his 
affection, was devoted to his children and an indulgent parent, and their love 
and reverence for him was unlimited. He became very deaf towards the 
close of his life, but being near-sighted his eyes were unusually strong for 
one of threescore years and ten, and he never wore glasses. His systematic 
and moderate living of but two meals a day added many years to his life, and 
his death on November 11th, 1830, though not unexpected, was not the 
result of a long standing disease. Mr. Hammond survived his wife thirty 
years, and was interred by her side at " Ratcliffe Manor." The holy lives 
and Christian character of Mr. and Mrs. Hammond were reflected in that of 
each of their children, "whose children rise up and call them blessed." 

Nicholas Hammond, only son of Nicholas and Rebecca Hollyday Ham- 
niond, was born in 1795, graduated and won his degree at a medical college, 
and began the practice of medicine in Easton. He married in May, 1823, 
Miss Anna Caroline Goldsborough, daughter of Dr. Howes Goldsborough 


and his wife, Mary McMuUen, of Delaware, and had four children, viz: 
Nicholas, Charles Howes, Mary Qoldsborongh, and James Lempriere Ham- 
mond, who died in 1832. 

As a son, a brother, a friend and physician, the character of this gentle- 
man was unexceptionable, for like Enoch of old, "he walked with God," 
and when in 1831, at the early age of 36, " God took him,*' the concourse of 
neighbors and friends of all classes, forming a funeral train a mile long, gave 
evidence beyond words of the respect, esteem and aflfection in which he was 
held by the whole community. 

Mrs. Anna 0. Hammond survived her husband many years, and kept up 
the homestead until 1848, when the familv removed to Easton. "St Aubin" 
was sold in 1871, and found a ready purchaser in a member of the Hughlett 
family, and is now occupied by Mr. Henry Hollyday, of " Eeadbourne," who 
married in 1869 a daughter of Colonel Hughlett. Mrs. Hammond's failing 
health obliged her to seek medical advice in Baltimore, where she and her 
daughter located in 1858, and where, at the residence of her son, Charles H. 
Hammond, on August 6th, 1861, this loved and honored parent "entered into 
the rest of Paradise." Her remains were carried to Easton and placed in the 
cemetery by the side of her husband amid a concourse of mourning friends. 

Nicholas, eldest son of Dr. Hammond and his wife, Anna Caroline 
Goldsborough, was born at " St. Aubin '* in 1824, graduated at the college in 
Newark, Delaware, in 1841, qualified for the bar in 1845, and practiced law 
in Annapolis. In 1854 he was elected cashier of the Farmers' Bank of 
Maryland in that city, and married in the same year Miss Mary Bowie Green, 
of Annapolis. From too close confinement to his duties, Mr. Hammond's 
health gave way, his lungs became diseased, and on September 24th, 1868, 
his "blameless life" on earth was closed. On Saint Michael's and All 
Angels' Day, this loved brother and relative, " of whom the world was not 
worthy," was laid beside his parents in the cemetery at Easton. Of his two 
little boys, the eldest, Nicholas, survived his father but a few months. 
The younger, William Saunders Hammond was born on August 2d, 1868, 
a few weeks before his father died, and with his mother resides in Baltimore. 

" My beloved brethren, the * rest' wbicli has been prepared for us by a merciful and 
loving Saviour is even now awaiting us. One of our number, who for yeara has gone 
in and out amongst us, witnessing to all, a blameless life, and conversation, and preaching 
by his bright and holy example in the performance of every Christian and social duty a 
more eloquent sermon than words of mine could ever address you, has, since we last 
assembled here, entered into his rest. The earthly germs of that life of faith and love 
and Christian obedience, whose light shone so brightly in our midst, have expanded into 
the full glories of immortal blessedness, and the cares and trials and warfare of this 
probationary state are already forgotten by him, who, having * fought a good fight, 
finished his course and kept the faith,' is now in peaceful repose in the Paradise of God." 

Extract from a sermon preached in St. Anne's Churcfi, Annapolis, by the rector, Eee, 
Pinkney Hammond, on September 27th, 186S. 


Charles Howes Hammond, second son of Dr. Nicholas and Anna G. 
Hammond, was born in 1825, and received bis education at tbe High School 
near Alexandria, Virginia. He married in 1850, Miss Mary Westcott of 
Cbestertown, and entered into business as a merchant in Easton until 1856, 
when he accepted a position as clerk in the Western Bank in Baltimore. 
His first wife dying in 1851, he married on October, 6, 1857, Miss Julia 
Johns, daughter of Kensey Johns, Chancellor of Delaware, and his wife 
Maria McCallmont, and had five children, viz : Kensey Johns Hammond, born 
in June, 1858, Caroline Goldsborough, Maria Johns, Charles Howes and James 
Lempriere Hammond. 

Anna Makia Hammond, eldest daughter of Nicholas and Sebecca 
HoUydiiy Hammond, was born on April 3, 1797, and married on May 
18, 1818, her cousin, Mr. James Lloyd Chamberlaine, of " Bonfield.'* The 
ceremony was performed at " St. Aubin," by Rev. Thomas Bayne, and in his 
own words, " were the handsomest couple I ever joined in holy matrimony." 

Rbbeoca Hollyday Hammond, youngest child of Nicholas and Rebecca 
H. Hammond, was born at " St. Aubin," in 1801, and died at "Myrtle Grove," 
on August 18, 1855. This lady was her father's companion until his death 
in 1830. In May, 1833, she married her third cousin. Rev. Robert William 
Goldsborough, of "Myrtle Grove," who was born on St. Luke's Day, 
October 18, 1800, and was educated for the Ministry at the General Theo- 
logical Seminary in New York. Mr. Goldsborough's first charge was in 
Centreville, Maryland, and for some years he was rector of a parish in 
Anne Arundel county. In 1842 he was sent by the Bishop of Maryland as 
a missionary to Hillsborough, Maryland. Here he soon won the hearts of 
the people by his gentle manners and interest in their spiritual welfare, but 
Hillsborough was the hot-bed of Methodism, and though children were 
baptized "because Mr. Goldsborough thinks it right," the offices of the 
Church were nothing to people unwilling to be taught, and his labors, "in 
season and out of season," to present a class for confirmation were unfruitful. 
But this faithful servant of God was never " weary in well-doing," and with 
the assistance of friends and relatives and by his own many self-denials he 
raised sufficient funds to build a neat little church, on a lot purchased 
and given by him to the diocese. The building was nearly completed when 
a fearful storm of wind lifted up and bore away the roof. No one but this 
holy and good man, who was an eye-witness to the destruction of all his 
hopes, would have said in the words of patient Job, " the Lord gave, the 
Lord hath taken away, blessed be the name of the Lord." The work was 
not abandoned, however, and by the blessing of God upon their efforts, a 
more substantial building took the place of the first, and in 1855, the 
Right Rev. Henry J. Whitehouse, acting for the Bishop of Maryland, laid the 
corner-stone. On this occasion, Mr. Goldsborough presented the first fruits 
of his labors, a class for confirmation consisting of three, "a father, and 
daughter, and son.'.' 



This earnest worker in his Master's vineyard did not live to see the 
church consecrated to His worship and service. His health, feeble for many 
years, would doubtless have failed sooner, but for the care and watchfulness 
of his devoted wife. She preceded him to the grave by two years, dying 
in 1855, after an illness of many weeks duration. She had been removed to 
"Myrtle Grove," in the early stage of her illness, and was tenderly and 
lovingly nursed by her sisters-in-law. Mr. Goldsborough died in 1857 at the 
White Sulphur Springs, in Virgmia, where he, accompanied by his eldest 
sister, had gone for the benefit of his health. The change came so soon that 
his daughter was not aware of his illness until the sad tidings of his death 
reached her. The cemetery at Easton is the resting place of these "saints of 
the Lord," and a monument has been erected to their memory by their 
daughter. The little church, left as it were, a special charge to the family, 
was completed, furnished, and ready for consecration on October 28, 1858, 
when it was dedicated to the worship of God, by the Bishop of Maryland. 
Eev. Mr. Beaven was called to the rectorship and still holds charge there, 
walking faithfully and earnestly in the footsteps of his predecessor. 

Sab AH Eliza Goldsborough, only daughter of Rev. Eobert W. and 
Bebecca Hammond Goldsborough, was born on St. Andrew's Day, 1835, and 
married on December 18, 1877, Dr. Thomas W. Martin, of Cambridge, the son 
of Judge Bond Martin and his second wife. Miss Elizabeth Williams. Judge 
Martin's first wife was Miss Susan Nicols, a sister of Mrs. Robert H. 
Goldsborough, of "Myrde Grove," and daughter of Mrs. Susanna Robins 
Chamberlaine Nicols, of " Plaindealing " and " Mount Pleasant ; " there is, 
therefore, a family connection, but no blood relationship between Dr. Martin 
and his wife. Their home is beautifully situated on Tripp's Creek, near 
" Belleville," the old Bozman estate, opposite " Otwell," the Goldsborough 
homestead, and within sight of " Plimhimmon,'* the Tilghman property, and 
of Oxford, distant about eight miles down the Tred Avon river. 

Before leaving Hillsborough, Mrs. Martin (then Miss Goldsborough) 
generously gave a deed to the vestry of the parish, conveying her property 
there to the church. It is hoped that at some future day a rectory will be 
buill on the church lot, and the house now occupied by the rector will be 
used for the purposes connected with the work of the church at Hillsborough. 

Though not in the HoUyday-Chamberlaine genesis, the Goldsboroughs of 
" Myrtle Grove," having the same ancestors in Mr. and Mrs. George Robins, 
of " Peach Blossom,'^ are deserving of worthy mention in this connection. 
Mr. Robert H. Goldsborough, " the American Chesterfield," married in 1800, 
Henrietta Maria Nicols, and had ten children, of whom five are living, viz: 
William, Mary Caroline, John McDowell, Eliza and George Robins, who 
married in 1862, Miss Eleanor Rogers, of Baltimore, and has a beautiful 
home at "Ashby,"a part of the first Goldsborough homestead. "Myrtle 
Grove" is one of the few ancestral homes retained in the family, and 
although " Time's fingers " have dealt roughly with the Lonibardy poplars. 


and '^change and decay is seen on all around/' the place is still beautiful/ 
and will hold its own as long as any of the family survive to retain it. Every 
relio of the past is carefully treasured by them, and all seem unwilling to 
part with anything that belonged to the olden time. Among the many 
portraits, the most conspicuous are those of Mrs. Henrietta Maria fiobins 
and grandson, Mrs. Susanna Chamberlaine Nicols and son, and a family 
group consisting of Mr. and Mrs. Robert Goldsborough and their two chil- 
dren, Sobert Henry and Elizabeth, who married, in 1793, Governor Charles 
Goldsborough, of Hunting Creek. 

Mr. William Goldsborough married, in 18 — , his cousin. Miss Mary 
Tilghman Goldsborough and had children : Robert Henry, a gallant Con- 
federate soldier, who was slain in battle in 1864; Susan, who married Hon. 
Daniel Henry, of Cambridge and had several children; William and 
Charles Goldsborough. 


Jahes and Mary Dyer came from England to Rhode Island in 1657. 
Mrs. Dyer, believing that she had a "call from God to preach the Gospel," 
gave great oflPence to the people of Boston for persisting, in spite of threats, 
to perform the duties of her vocation. She was frequently admonished, and 
once imprisoned and sentenced to death for witchcraft, but by the interposi- 
tion of her son her life was spared, and she expelled from the city. On her 
return, a year after, she was again imprisoned and sentenced to death, and 
her friends had no power to save her. She was hung, with two others, on an 
elm tree on Boston Common, Jiiue 1, 1660, " for testifying against the bloody 
law of the Puritans." There was no martyr in the days of the Inquisition 
more faithful to her God and her principles than this heroic and Christian 
woman. The tree on which she suffered martyrdom was (when prejudices 
were removed by time) tenderly cared for by the Bostonians. The authori- 
ties had it enclosed with an iron railing, and the falling branches supported 
by props. In a severe wind storm passmg over the Eastern States on Feb- 
ruary 2, 1876, the old tree was uprooted and fell to the ground, and as it fell 
thousands rushed to preserve a relic of it. Of Mary Dyer's many descendants, 
but few are willing to acknowledge as an ancestress one who suffered at the 
hangman's hands, and yet their name is legion and are included among the 
jBrst families of Maryland and Delaware. The Wyncoops, Georges, Brad- 
fords, and the family of Judge Milligan, of Wilmington, Delaware ; of Hon. 
Lewis McLane, of Baltimore, all belong to the Dyer genesis. 

William Dyer, son of James and Mary Dyer, came to Delaware after 

October, 1659. His son James married Miss , and had four daughters. 

Rebecca Dyer (their eldest daughter, married Mr. Edmund Kearney, and had 


one son. Dyer Kearney, whose picture, with a slate in his hand, is carefully 
preserved in the Hammond family.) Harriet Dyer, second daughter of 

William and Dyer, married Mr. Edmund Cantwell, whose daughter, 

Lydia Cantwell, married Mr. Jones, whose daughter, Sarah Jones, married 
Mr. Milligan, whose son, John Milligan, married Miss Martha Levy, and had 
children, viz: Kate, (who married Mr. Blight) ; Mary and Martha Milligan, 
now residents of Philadelphia; Eobert; and George B. Milligan, who mar- 
ried, February 5, 1862, Sophia Gough Carroll, and resides in Baltimore. 

Mary Dyer, third daughter of William and Dyer, married twice : 

first, Mr. Wyncoop, and had two sons, Abraham and Benjamin Wyncoop. 
Her second husband, in 1732, was Mr. Nicholas Hammond, from the Island 
of Jersey, by whom she had two children, Mary Hammond (who married 
Mr. Eidgely, of Delaware, and were the ancestors of Chancellor Eidgely), 
and Nicholas Hammond who went to Jersey after the death of his father, 
and married Miss Lempriere, and had two sons, James Lempriere, who mar- 
ried Miss Le Breton, and Nicholas Hammond, who came to America, married 
first his cousin, Miss Sarah George, and secondly Miss Bebecca Hollyday, of 
"Batcliffe iManor." Sarah Dyer, fourth daughter of William and ■ 

Dyer, married Mr. Sydney George, from Scotland, and had four children, viz: 
Bebecca George, Sarah George (who married her third cousin, Nicholas 
Hammond, and died in 1781), Joshua George, and Sydney George (who mar- 
ried first Miss Worrall, and had a daughter, Eloise A. George, who married 
James Logan Fisher) ; Mr. George's second wife was a Miss Lutit, and their 
daughter, Phoebe George, married Mr. Moses Bradford, of Wilmington, Dela- 
ware, and died in 1838, leaving three sons, viz: Sydney George (who married 
Miss Whitely, and had a son^ Eugene Whitely Bradford), Edward George 
Bradford (a member of the Wilmington bar, who married Miss Heyward, 
and had two children, Heyward Bradford and Cornelia Bradford), and Julius 

Mary Dyer's letters to the General Court in Boston will be found in 
William Sewell's « History of the People Called Quakers," page 266. « By 
the style of her letters and her undaunted courage, it appears that she had 
indeed some extraordinary qualities. I find, also, that she was of a comely 
and grave countenance, of a good family and estate, and mother of several 
children, but her husband, it seems, was of another persuasion." 



James Lloyd, son of Samuel and Henrietta Maria HoUyday Chamberlaine, 
married on May 18th, 1818, Miss Anna Maria Hammond, daughter of 
Nicholas and Bebecca Hollyday Hammond, and had ten children, yiz: 
Nicholas Hammond, born 1819, died 1830, Samuel, Bebecca Hollyday, Hen- 
rietta Maria, (died in 1829,) Harriet Bebecca, died in infancy, Sally Holly- 
day, James Lloyd, Henrietta Maria, Mary Hammond and Nicholas Hammond 

NiOHOLAS, their eldest son, was born at " Bonfield '' in 1819, and died at 
an early age, and yet, after the forcing system of education, too common in 
those days, with a mind matured beyond his years. 

In the same room (over the kitchen) in which his father parsed away 
more than twenty years after, and whose parting words to his loved nephew 
were: "Close the curtain and let me go to my rest,'' did the little boy 
request father, mother, and all, to leave him in his last moments, ^* Alone 
with my God." His grandfather Mr. Hammond, had him as it were, under 
his own eye living with him at " St Aubin," and walking from thence to his 
recitations at the Easton Academy. The old gentleman grieved sorely over 
the death of this boy, who in his intelligence and brightness was the delight 
of his heart. 

Hekrietta Mabia, their second daughter, was born in 1824, and, though 
bearing her grandmother's name was called "Maria." This idol of her 
parents was taken from them at the age of five years. The greatest love and 
reverence for the names and playthings of these children, lasted through the 
lives of their parents. Every thing belonging to them was carefully pre- 
served, and tenderly and tearfully shown to their brothers and sisters. The 
room (the hall chamber) from which they were taken to their rest, " under 
the cedars," was carefully locked and closed for months after they died. 

Sally Hollyday, third daughter of James Lloyd and Anna Maria 
Chamberlaine, was born at "Bonfield," and called after Mrs. Nicols, of 
"Darley," her great aunt. With light eyes and dark hair, she (also her 
eldest brother, Samuel,) bore a strong likeness to the Hammonds, while her 
sister, Bebecca, had her father's dark eyes and hair, and was not unlike the 
portrait of Miss Ungle, which hung in former days in the hall chamber at 
" Bonfield," though this lady was in no degree related to the family, being 
the first wife of Samuel Chamberlaine, of ** Plaindealing." Sally Hollyday 
Chamberlaine died in Philadelphia on August 21st, 1866, of an illness now 
known as cerebro spinal meningitis. Her funeral was held at St. Luke's 
Church, Qermantown, and the interment was made in the churchyard there. 

Nicholas Hammond, youngest son of James L. and Anna Hammond 
Chamberlaine, was born on May 29, 1836, and was a youth of great promise^ 


renewing the name of the eldest brother. After an academical conrse at 
Oxford and a thorough training at Alexandria, Va., by that well-known 
preceptor, Benjamin Hallowell, he entered, in 1855, the engineering 
school at Troy, New York, where he remained a year. Like others 
of the family, he was passionately fond of music, but was wise enough not to 
devote much time to the art, and did not excel on any instrument. Had 
he lived to have a home of his own he would doubtless have been, like 
his father, a skilful performer on the violin. His great and chief talent 
as a draughtsman is shown by the specimens so carefully preserved by bis 
sisters. He had an eye for the beautiful in nature as in art, and his sketch- 
book abounds with scenes from nearly every State in the TJnion through 
which he travelled. On leaving Troy in 1856, he went to Iowa and settled 
at Eeosauqua, in Van Buren county, where, whilst engaged in removing 
obstructions on the Des Moines river (having joined an engineering party 
formed for that purpose), he was taken with typhoid fever, of which he died, 
after an illness of two weeks. 

Keosauqua is a manufacturing town where water and steam are utilized 
in various ways, and Saturday, November 28th, 1857, the day of his too early 
death at that place, would not be justly overlooked or forgotten in a memo- 
randa relating to a family like this, with a homestead on Biver Dee from 
1B34, and whose immigrant head in Maryland, by thrift and business energy, 
was among the most influential inhabitants of the Province. 

A memorial stone in the cemetery at Eeosauqua may strike the eye of a 
Marylander, who will read there, with the brief record of the line of business 
life he had adopted, how this youth fell like a soldier with his armor on and 
was buried where he fell, *^ singing with holy confidence that death had lost 
its painful sting," for he was '^ not afraid to die." Though a stranger in a 
strange land and far from his ^' own," he had kind friends who tended him 
with gentle and loving hands, and hearts full of sympathy for him and his 
sorrowing family. Some lots in or near the town, purchased by him, were 
given to the Bishop of Iowa, with the hope that in time a chapel may be 
erected as a memorial of this young Christian soldier. This is not yet prac- 
ticable, and as with this generation all interest will probably die, others will 
build on this foundation, though '^ he will be remembered by what he hath 

'^Asleep in Jesus ! far from thee 

Thy kindred and their graves may be ; 

Yet still there is a blessed sleep, 

From which none ever wakes to weep." 

Samuel Ghamberlaike, second son of James Lloyd and Anna Maria 
Hammond Chamberlaine, was born at " Bonfield," on November 8th, 1820, and 
with his brother lived with their grandfather, at " St. Aubin," and went to 
school in Easton. For several years he was a pupil of Bev. Dr. Joseph Spen- 
cer, at Si Michael's, and finally graduated at St. John's College, Annapolis* 


His medical education and diploma he received from the University of Penn- 
8ylvania> at Philadelphia, in which city (after practicing medicine for two 
years in Baltimore,) he settled in 1847, having for his friends and counsellors, 
Mr. Gilpin and Dr. John W. Moore, the friends of his father and grandfather. 
Dr. Moore heing a native of Easton, Maryland. He married on April 
23rd, 1847, Miss Hannah Ann Ballock of Philadelphia, a lady whose 
kind and gentle manners and lovely disposition won the hearts and affection 
of all who came under her influence. Her death on April 12th, 1858, was 
deeply and sincerely mourned by her numerous friends and relatives. Mrs. 
Chamberlaine's maternal relatives in Charleston, South Carolina, were of the 
first families there, and the Bayntons, Hazlehursts and Whartons, of Phila- 
delphia, were nearly related to her father's family. Of her four children but 
two survived their mother, viz: Mary Ann Chamberlaine and Anne Ham- 
mond Chamberlaine, unmarried, and living in Philadelphia with their 
father, who, though he has not dropped the M.D., has, in a measure, 
abandoned his profession and turned his attention to the culture of silk at 
the Permanent Exhibition in that city. There was an old mulberry tree 
at "Bonfield,'**in the river field, that tells of the King's purpose to make 
Maryland a silk manufacturing country, and only a few years back, not a 
few of the gentlemen in the neighborhood^ were persuaded by General 
Tilghman to plant these trees to feed silk worms, believing" that a fortune 
could and would be made by them at some future day. 

Bebecoa Hollyday Chamberlaine, eldest daughter of James Lloyd 
and Anna Maria Hammond Chamberlaine, was born at "Bonfield," and 
received from the best schools in Wilmington and Baltimore an education 
that qualified her for instructing, on her return home, her younger brothers 
and sisters in music and French and the usual English branches. At the 
age of ^ye years she could read well, and wrote a letter to her cousin, at Har- 
vard, who forgot to redeem his pledge of a " new wax doll." Her health, 
delicate from her earliest years, debarred her from many pleasures in society, 
where her rare mental endowments and conversational powers made her a 
general favorite. 

James Lloyd, third son of James and Anna Maria Chamberlaine, 
bears his father's name, and was born on July 5th, 1830. An earnest 
and scholarly man, he had the same careful training in the public schools 
and at home that his brothers had, and after spending two years at St. 
James' College, near Hagerstown, Maryland, graduated in 1850, at the Uni- 
versity of Pennsylvania. 

Before his boys left home, their father, an excellent classical scholar, 
had grounded them well in Latin and Greek, and they being perfectly familiar 
with the rudiments of these languages, were fully prepared to enter higher 
classes at college. 

When the Civil War broke out in 1861, Mr. Chamberlaine was among the 
comparatively small number breasting the popular sentiment of his native 


county (then in fuvor of secession and a Southern Leagae Covenant) against 
allegiance to the constitutional government. Besisting all entreaties to visit 
his Jersey relatives, see London and Paris, or travel through the States, he 
settled down to farming, and in 1855 married his cousin, Margaret A. M. 
Chamberlaine, of " Clora's Point," and made his home in that neigbhbor- 
hood until 1870, when obliged by delicate health to give up his farm, he 
removed to Havre-de-Grace, and being well qualified as a teacher opened a 
school there. Success did not attend him however, and after a few months 
spent in Elkton, he finally removed his family to Baltimore. Of their seven 
children, James Lloyd, the eldest, died in Baltimore in 1870, and the 
youngest,. Sarah Lempriere, in her infancy at " Waverly," their home on the 
Eastern Shore. , Their other children are Margaret Robins, Harry, Samuel, 
Anna Maria and Marion Chamberlaine. 

Henrietta Maria, the fourth daughter of James Lloyd and Anna 
Maria Hammond Chamberlaine, has a name traceable to family incident in 
connection with Maryland social history through Captain James !N'eale and 
his wife — their daughter being baptized by that name with special permission, 
as intimated herein, from the daughter of Henry IV. of France, and the 
wife of Charles I. of England. 

Mary Hammond, the youngest daughter of James Lloyd and Anna 
Maria Hammond Chamberlaine, has her name from the dear cousin in Jer- 
sey, who married a Mr. Brohier, and resembles her father more than any 
other of his daughters, Henrietta Maria being entirely Hammond in her 
appearance, and bearing no resemblance to the sister after whom she was 

As genealogy grows irksome without some bearing on local history, it is 
as well to mention that in the attack made by the British on St Michael's in 
1813, all who could carry arms, untrained though they were, were obliged to 
be at their post; ^nd ready for anything that might happen. Mr. Chamber- 
laine and his brothers were not forgotten in the call to arms, and they, with 
Mr. John Leeds Kerr and others, engaged with the enemy in a slight skir- 
mish near that town, which, ending in the defeat of the English, gave occasion 
to the compliment from their general, that he "found regulars wheu he 
expected to meet only militia." One night "rockets" were said to be flying 
in the air, and so alarmed were the inhabitants, especially those near the tide- 
water (as the British barges were signaling each other upon the Tred Avon 
for a night attack on the town), that all who had friends in EaSton, took 
refuge there under the protecting guns of the village. The family at *' St 
Aubin" sought protection with Mr. Kerr, and that visit was "indellibly 
impressed on the mind of the eldest child (then a boy of four years old) ; 
the sugg,r-candy general made by his cousin, 'Anna Hammond,' being as 
well remembered in 1875 as when it came fresh from her hands." The full 
dress soldier, in uniform, could not have been Napoleon, for the old gentle- 
man, Mr. Hammond, would not have endured any such Frenchified political 


"At his residence, * Bonfield/ on Boon's creek and Tred Avon river, near Oxford, in 
Talbot county, Maryland, on Monday, January 15th, 1844, Jambs Llotd Chambbrlaike; 
in the 59th year of his age." 

The above notice in the county papers caused deep and sincare regret to 
the many friends whom Mr. Ohamberlaine had " grappled to his heart with 
hooks of steel," and the following obituary, written by one who loved and 
knew him well, is not over-drawn, and accompanied the record of his death : 

" Though aloof from all public station, in which he was well qualified through early 
training and diligent research in subsequent life to distinguish himself, this gentleman 
had earned (without seeking it) a reputation throughout the community that the most 
ambitious might do well to emulate. 

*' He united in an eminent degree the qualities of a strong mind with wit and social 
eloquence, and presented an example of a character that the younger men of our day are 
bound to transmit unimpaired, as a distinctive one. 

** The Eastern Shore gentleman, Mr. Ohamberlaine, was a graduate of Princeton 
College, and among compeers and immediate associates may be found not a few of the 
eminent men whose names have become ' familiar as household words ' on both shores of 
Maryland. Devotedly attached to the Church (Protestant Episcopal), in communion with 
which he lived, and firm in his political opinions (those of the Washington school), with 
sternness of integrity characterizing his every action, no one from among us could have 
departed more generally respected and beloved. 

•* His remains were deposited within the family burial-ground, east of the homestead, 
on Thursday, the 18th, amid a concourse of his neighbors and friends. 

"Amicum perdere est damnorum maximum." 

Landapp, January 27th, 1844. 
To Mbs. a. M. Ohamberlaine: 

In obedience to the instruction c mtained in them, I transmit to you the following 
resolutions, which were passed by the Board of Trustees of the Maryland Agricultural 
Society for the Eastern Shore, at a meeting held on the 25th instant. 

*^Be9olv6d, That by the death of the late James Lloyd Ohamberlaine, Esq , this Board 
has lost a highly esteemed and greatly beloved member. 

^^Besolvedy That we sincerely condole and sympathize with his bereaved widow and 

^^Besolved, That the Secretary transmit to his family a copy of these resolutions." 

With great respect and regard. 

Your friend and obedient servant, 


Of all the descendants of James and Ann Grundy Lloyd in descent from 
Edward Lloyd, the Puritan, not one had more qualities of head and heart 
than James Lloyd Ohamberlaine. He was much given to general reading 
and those who merely enjoyed his company and were made cheerful under 
his quiet humor, little suspected how well adapted he was to make himself a 
favored guest at " Abbottsford " with Sir Walter Scott, or at "Sunnyside" 
with Washington Irving. No one was better prepared for the interchange 
of social refined life with parallels between current events of the day and 
hour, and the more pointed hits from Cervantes or Le Sage and the leading 



English humorists. All who appreciated his range of intelligence so well 
anderstood hj those of his day, personally expressed their regrets that he 
could not be induced to give recollections of his own times, reyiying incidents 
and facts in connection with social history of Talbot county. 

*' There are three deaths indellibly impressed on my memory, my uncle's on January 
15, 1844; my father's on Febraary 21, 1844: and my boy's on January 28, 1857. Not a 
day has paBsed for years that the memories of them do not well np, and while I have no 
belief in modem spiritualism, there is a moral beauty in the poetical idea made by the 
followers of Swedenborg an article of religious faith. 

"When, on one occasion, I ascended the Volcano of Water, in Gautamala, and 
reached a point above the clouds on one side of the mountain, the exhilaration became a 
Joy. In my mind's eye my father was there; my uncle, whom I valued as the * ((old of 
Ophir' spoken of in Job, and I would not for the world have been without my loved 
friend and class-mate, Charles H Tilghman." 

** When Heaven so kindly sets us free. 
And earth's enchantments end. 
It takes the most effectual means 
And robs us of a friend." 

After Mr. Chamberlaine's death, in 1844, everything being left in his 
wife's hands, the farm was kept up under her supervision and that of her 
son^s, aided by the wise counsel of one who, being often appealed to and 
frequently deciding contested points, was called by the junior members of 
the family " Our Delphic Oracle." Under the skilful hands of Mr. Ker- 
cheval, the English gardener, the grounds were laid out and the lawn inter- 
spersed with ornamental and shade trees, which took off, in some degree, the 
stiffness of the Lombardy poplars, aristocratic and time-honored though 
they be. 

The orchards, under Mr. Kercheval's care, yielded abundant fruit, straw- 
berries, raspberries, watermelons and canteloupes sprung up almost at his 
bidding. The creek and river were not backward in their gifts of oysters, 
crabs, terrapins, sheepshead and other fish; even porpoises paid frequent 
visits to these waters. A shark was reported to have " touched the shore at 
Clora's Point," and a river horse was caught at "Belleville!" This last, 
after fighting for dear life, was conquered and slain and brought home in 
Mr. — 's hat! being only a few inches long, though "looking every inch a 
horse," with fins like a fish. 

During these years the homestead was in its prime, and "the life there," 
in the words (rf one of its guests, (who in reading of English country life, 
"many a time called up the picture of that at ^Bonfield,'**) "was one of 
high breeding and culture, without the pretention and effort at display so 
common now with people of means." Everything combined to make this 
second American homestead (the fourth in the family for eight centuries), 
"a joy forever." It is desolate and forsaken now, but the memory of those 
past joys will be ever green in our hearts — "mournful, yet pleasant to the 


A year after the death of Mrs. Chamberlaine, in 1852, there was a general 
breaking-up and scattering of the family. "Bachelor's Point Field" and the 
"Wood's Field" were sold to Mr. Emerson and Mr. Willis, and the family 
retained the middle portion, containing the fields towards Oxford and on 
Tred Avon river, including the thicket of pines and the Mansion House. 
This third and last portion was sold in 1870, but not out of the 
family, Dr. Chamberlaine, of Easton, being the purchaser. 

The burial ground, at the back of the garden, was first opened in 1811 to 
receive the remains of our grandfather, Samuel Chamberlaine. Our grand- 
mother rests not beside her husband, but with her great grandchildren in 
the little chapel yard at "Brooklaud," and near her sleeps Aunt Harriet 
Anderson. Two sons, Eichard Lloyd (1830) and Samuel (1836), and two 
daughters. May and Henrietta Maria, lie near their father at "Bonfield," also 
his eldest son, James Lloyd (1844), and his wife, Anna Maria Hammond, 
and their eldest son and daughter, Nicholas and Henrietta Maria Cham- 
berlaine. Mrs. Samuel Chamberlaine, of "Clora's Point," is there near 
her husband and her son-in-law, Mr. George A. Thomas. All 

" Rest in the promise of His gracious word, 
To rise in the likeness of their glorious Head." 


And these were merciful men whose righteousness hath not been forgotten. With 
their seed shall remain a good inheritance, and their children are within the Covenant. 
Their seed standeth fast and their children for their sakes ; their seed shall lemain and 
their glory shall not be blotted out; their bodies are buried in peace, but their name 
liveth for evermore; the people will te'l of their wisdom and the congregation will show 
forth their praise."— ^<5cfe«. 





Alden, John, 


Gale, George, .... 


Aldridge, Andrew, . . . . 


Gale, Lyttleton, 


Alfrlend, Fhineas, . . . . 


GittiDgs, John S., . 


AndersoD, William, 


George, Sydney, 


Bacon , Rev. Thomas, . 20, 2 


Hammond Genesis, . 


Bennett, Richard, . . . . 


Hammond, Nicholas, 


Bibby, John, .... 


Hammimd, Dr. Nicholas, 


Bowie, Rev. John, . . . . 


Hammond, Chas. H., 


"Bonfield," .... 

6, 7, 65 

Hay ward Genesis, . 


Bozman, J. Leeds, . . . . 


Hay ward, William, . 


Bradford, Moses, . . . . 


Hayward, Thomas 8., . 


Bryan, William S., . . . . 


Hemsley, Dr. William, . 


Buchanan, Hon. Thomas, 


Hereford, Dr. Burr, . 


Chamberlaine Genesis, . 


Hill, Thomas, .... 


Chamberlaine, Edward, . 


HoUyday Genesis, . . . . 


Chamberlaine, James Lloyd, . 


Hollyday, Col. Leonard, . 


Chamberlaine, Thomas, . 


Hollyday, James, . . . . 


Chamberlaine, Robins, . 


Hollyday, Col. Thomas, . 


Chamberlaine, Samuel, . 2 


Hollyday, Lamar, . . . . 


Clarkson, Rt. Rev. Robert H., 


Hollyday, George Tilghman, . 


Clifford, Captain, . . . . 


Holford, Allen, 


Collinson, Peter, . . . , 


Hopkins, John Lowe, 


Coburn, William H., . . . 


Howard, Charles, . . . . 


Correspondence, . . . . 


Hughes, Col. John, . . . 


Dall, John R., . . . 


JohnsoD, John, . . . . 


Davis, Ellwood, . . . . 


Jones, Arthur, 


De Courcy, William H., ._ 


Jones, David, .... 


Dyer, Mary, 


Kearney, Dyer, 


Done, John Hayney, 


Kerr, Hon. John Leeds, . 


Earle, Thomas Chamberlaine, 


Kerr, Charles G., . 


Earle, Hon. Richard Tilghman, 


Kerr, Edward Leeds, 


Earie, Hon. James T., 


Kerr, Hon. John Bozman, 


Earle, Richard T 


Kerr, Rev. Samuel C, 


Earle, (Jeorge C, 


Key, Frank Scott, . 


Earle, Dr. John C, . 


Leigh, George S. . . . 


Earle, Samuel T., . . . . 


Leigh, George Howell, . 


Porman, Joseph, 


Leigh, Arthur Kerr, 


Qoldsborough, Hon. Henry H., 


Leiper, Gen. John, . 


Goldsborough, Rev. Robert W., 


Lewis, Rev. John, . 


Gk)ldsborough, Rev. Robert Lloyd, 


" Little Barrow," . *. 

5, 6, 57 

Goldsborough, John, 


Long, Beeston, 


Gale, Leviu, 


Lord, Rev. Dr. W illiam H., . 





Loockerman, Theodore R, . 


Lloyd Genesis, 


Lloyd, QoY, Edward, 


Lloyd, James, .... 


Lloyd, Ool.PhilemoD, . . 2 

0, 24, 26 

Lloyd. Capt. Richard B., 


Lloyd, Maj. James, . 


Lownies, BeDjamin Ogle, 


Lowndes, Richard Tasker, 


McLane, Hon. Robert M., 


McPherson, .... 


May, Hon. Henry, . 


Mason, Rev. Dr. Henry M., . 

. 45,87 

Martin, Hon. Bond, 


Martin, James Lloyd, 


Martin, Dr. Thomas W., 


Milligan, Hon. John, 


Neale, Capt. James, 


Nicols, Rev. Henry, 


Nicols, Jeremiah, . . . . 


Nicols, William, . . . . 


Nicols, Thomas C, . . . . 


Ogle, Samuel, 


Pinkney, Rt. Rev. William, . 


"Plaindealing," . .6,1 

B, 19, 23 

Pope, John, 


Prescott, George, . . . . 


Raines, John, 


Reeve, John Chamberlaine, . 


Robms Genesis, . . . . 


Robins, Thomas, . . . . 


Robins, George, . . . . 



Ross, William J., . 
" Saughall," " . . 
Smythe, Col. Thomas, 
Spalding, C. C, 
Sp«ncer, Lambert Wickes 
Smoot, John D., 
Stephens, Col. William H 
Stockton, Rev. Philip, 
Stockton, Richard, . 
Stockton, Richard C, 
Stokes, William B., . 
Stokes, Dr. William, 
Stokes, Robert H., . 
Stokes, Rev. George C, 
Stokes, Capt. James, 
Tiighman, Richard, 
Tilghman, Gen. Tench, 
Tiighman, Oswald, . 
Taney, Hon. Roger B., 
Tankerville, Richard de, 
Troup, Dr. IJrvine, . 
Ungle, Robert, 
West, Richard, 
WjBst, Edward Lloyd, 
Whittingham, Rev. Richard 
Wilson, Rev. Thomas, 
Williams, Henry, . 
Winter, Henry, 
Wrench, William, . 
Wroth, Dr. Peregrine, 
Worthington, Thomas, 
Young, Dr. 

6, 7, 8, 51 


72, 74 



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